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FI ECC 6 Certification Part-2

  1. Assignment
  • Client:
    • Highest level in hierarchy
    • Specifications apply to all company codes under it




  • Company code:
    • Independent unit
    • Legal B/S, P/L for company code




  • Business Area:
    • Separate financial unit
    • Can prepare separate B/S & P/L


  • Chart of Depreciation:
    • Country Specific
    • SAP Provides model COD
    • COD contains depreciation area
    • Each depreciation area represents Book depreciation, Tax depreciation etc
    • One COA and COD can be assigned to one / more company codes
    • Depreciation area defined by two digit numeric code


  • Assignment:
    • Assign COD to company code






  1. Cost Accounting Assignment
  • In Asset accounting master record can assign following cost accounting objects
    • Cost center
    • Internal Order
    • Activity Type
    • WBS Elements
    • Real Estate Objects
  • An asset (AMR) can be assigned to only one cost center






  1. Exercises
  • Create a Chart of Depreciation
    • Tcode: EC08
    • Data:
      • Copy 1DE to MR03



     
  • Change Description of Chart of Depreciation
    • Tcode: SPRO – FA – AA – Org. Structure – Copy Reference COD – Specify description of COD



     
  • Delete depreciation Areas not required
    • Tcode: SPRO – FA – AA – Org. Structure – Copy Reference COD – Copy / Delete Depreciation Areas



     
  • Assign COD to Company code
    • Tcode: SPRO – FA – AA – Org. structures – Assign COD to Company code
    • Tcode: OAOB





     
  • Activate account assignment object
    • Tcode: SPRO – FA – AA – Integration with GL – Additional a/c assignment object – Activate a/c assignment object










  1. Asset Classes
  • Asset Classes:
    • Fixed asset classified into Asset classes. E.g.: Furniture, Vehicles
    • Asset Class created a client level
    • Asset class can be assigned to 1 / more COD
    • Can suppress individual depreciation areas (01, 02) in chart of depreciation in each Asset class if required (Tcode: ….)
    • Each asset can be assigned to only one Asset Class
    • Special Asset Classes: AuC, Low value Asset
















  1. Depreciation Areas:
  • Chart of Depreciation:
    • Country Specific catalog of Depreciation Areas
    • Copy COD supplied by SAP
    • Delete Depreciation Areas not required
    • Now assign this COD to the company code
    • COD defined at client level
    • Various company codes can be assigned at to the COD

     




  • Depreciation Areas post to GL accounts in any of the following options:
Particulars    Depreciation Area
Post asset values (APC) : Online

Depreciation : Periodically
01
Post Asset value (APC) : Periodically

Depreciation : Periodically
Do Not Post any valuesReporting purpose only
Only Post Depreciation : Periodically




  • Depreciation always posted on periodic basis






  1. Exercises:
  • Define that the asset values in Depreciation areas is displayed in USD
    • Tcode: SPRO – FA – AA- Valuation – Currencies – Define depreciation areas for foreign currencies
    • Tcode: OAYH



 
  • Check How Depreciation areas post values to GL
    • Tcode: SPRO – FA – AA – Integration with GL – Define how Depreciation Area Post to GL
0Area does not post
1Area post in Real Time
2Area Post APC & Depreciation on Periodic basis

 










  • Enter a financial statement structure for the depreciation area for which B/S is prepared
    • Tcode: OAYN






  1. Master Data




  1. Functions of Asset Class
  • Screen layout
    • Determine fields Displayed/ Optional/ Required in AMR
    • Tcode: FA – AA – MD – Screen layout – Define screen layout for Asset Master Data
    • Here decide what fields are Required / Optional / Suppressed / Displayed only in AMR
    • Copy Check Box: If this indicator is set, if this asset is used as a reference to create another asset it's values copied to the other asset
    • Screen layout rule assigned to Asset Class in OAOA
    • Screen layout rule assigned to Depreciation areas in OAYZ


  • Asset Master Record Tab Layout:
    • Tcode: AOLA
    • Here we define AMR Tab Layout
    • Also can define New Tabs






  • Activate Account assignment Objects:
    • Tcode: SPRO – AA – Integration with GL – Additional account assignment – Activate a/c assignment
    • Can Post depreciation and APC to these objects




  • Asset Class:
    • Tcode: OAOA
    • Assign Account Determination : Account determination determine the GL accounts to which depreciation & APC values posted for the AMR
    • Assign Screen layout
    • Assign Number range
    • Status of AuC: Select Line Item Settlement in case of AuC
    • Check Box : Asset Classes blocked for Posting




  • Account Determination:
    • Tcode: AO90
    • Select your COA INT
    • Select the Account Determination
    • One Account Determination can be assigned to several Asset Classes provided they use the same COA
    • Select Depreciation Area 01 : Assign GL accounts for Acquisition, Retirement, Depreciation

     


  • Mass Master Data Change for Asset Class
    • Display list of Assets : AR01
    • Create a Work List : AR01
    • Task Selection: Retirement w/o revenue, Retirement with revenue, Mass Change(Substitution Rule), Inter Company Asset Transfer
    • Create a Substitution rule for the Mass Asset Transfer
    • Release Work List : AR31

       



     
  1. Asset Master Records
  • Create AMR
    • Enter company code and Asset Class
    • Use existing AMR as reference






  • Can create multiple similar Assets




  • Time Dependent Data
    • AMR information managed on time basis in Cost center
    • Time Dependent Tab – Further Interval – Enter from date and Cost center




  • Tcode:
View Changes to AMRAS04
Create Asset Sub NumberAS11
Create AMRAS01
Change AMRAS02
Display AMRAS03










  1. Mass Changes
  2. Create a work list: AR01
  3. Select Substitution Rule for mass Changes
  4. Release Work List: AR31
  5. Check Assets for changes




















  1. Exercises – Master Data


  1. Make number range assignments for Asset Accounting for your company code MR03. Two options:
    1. Define a separate number range interval. Copy from company code 1000 : AS08
    2. Chose cross company code number range interval. Here find company code MR03 and enter company code 1000 so both company code use same number range interval for Asset Accounting: AO11






  1. Call up transaction that provide overview of all Asset Classes: OAOA
    1. Tcode: OAOA
    2. Account Determination: Determine the reconciliation a/c in GL to which posting has to be made
    3. Screen Layout: Determine for AMR which fields are Required/ Optional / Suppressed
    4. Number range assigned to the Asset Class
    5. Can block Asset class from posting






  1. Set Chart of Depreciation: OAPL




  1. Which B/S a/c system post for an Asset Acquit ion
    1. From AMR get Account determination. For this find GL a/c in AO90
    2. Tcode: AO90

       
  2. Show how field description & cost center of AMR defined ( R/O/S)
    1. Tcode: SPRO – FA – AA – Master Data – Screen Layout – Define Screen layout for Asset Master Data – Select layout rule 2000 – Select Logical Field group – General / Time Dependent data – Field group rules
    2. Copy : If selected this field is copied is used as reference asset

       
  3. Determine Depreciation Areas in the Asset Class
    1. Tcode : OAYZ
    2. Determine Depreciation areas for an Asset Class
    3. Depreciation Areas active for the Asset Class
    4. Depreciation Keys assigned to the Depreciation areas. Can be changed
    5. Screen layout assigned to the depreciation area
    6. Use: If a useful life is not entered in the asset class, and depreciation key is not 0000, this field is a required entry regardless of the settings in the screen layout control.

       
  4. Create an Asset Class (MA03) by copying another Asset Class 2100
    1. Tcode : OAOA
    2. When you copy Asset Class you get Asset class Master Data + Depreciation Data

       
  5. Define Maximum value for LVA (Low Value Asset) for company code MR03
    1. Tcode : OAYK
    2. Tcode: SPRO – FA – AA – Valuation – Amount Specification – Specify Maximum amount for LVA and Asset Class – Specify Asset Class (Here specify LVA Asset Class) / Specify Amount for LVA (Here specify Amount for LVA Asset Class)
    3. LVA : 0 : No LVA check for this AC
    4. LVA : 1 : Each LVA with its own asset master record

       
  6. Create Asset master Record (AMR) : AS01
Account DeterminationDepreciation KeyAsset
21002000
11001000
21002100
3000LINS3007
4000 (AuC)00007000

7001
5000 (LVA)GWG5000

 




  1. Create similar Asset: AS01
    1. Enter 5 in similar records




  1. Create Sub Assets: AS11




  1. List all AMR created in a company code
    1. Tcode: AA- Information System – Report on AA – Day to Day Activities – International – Directory of un posted Assets
  2. Create a Vendor master: FK01




  1. Post Asset Acquition to Vendor: F-90
    1. Tcode: Easy – FA – AA- Posting – Acquition – External Acquition with vendor




  1. Check asset value using Asset Explorer:
    1. Tcode: AW01N
    2. Check B/S GL a/c to which asset acquition value posted: Double click on transaction
    3. GOTO – Call up Reports – Acquition / History
    4. GOTO – master data








  1. Post Asset acquition with automatic offsetting entry
    1. Tcode: ABZON
    2. Easy – FA – AA – Posting – Acquition – External Acquition – Acquition w/automatic offsetting entry




  1. Post acquition in current year w/o first creating AMR
    1. Tcode: ABZON
    2. Select new Asset radio button






  1. Post Acquition to multiple assets
    1. Tcode; ABZON
    2. Select Tab Multiple Assets – Enter main Asset number in asset – click sub number – list of assets populated – Add Amount and save








  1. Reverse Asset Acquition: AB08
    1. Tcode: Easy – FA – AA – Posting – Reverse Document – Other Asset Document



     
  2. Post an acquition to LVA: F-90






  1. Ensure / restrict that only certain depreciation areas are posted with values
    1. Tcode: SPRO – FA – AA- Transaction – Acquition – Define Transaction types for Acquition – Limit transaction type to Depreciation Areas
    2. Tcode: AO73
    3. Tcode: OAYA


  1. Asset Transactions – Retirement




  1. Post Asset Retirement with revenue with customer
    1. Tcode: F-92
    2. Tcode: Easy – AA – Posting – Retirement – Retirement with revenue – with customer
    3. Data:
PK01
PK50
A/C820000
Select Asset RetirementCheck box
Select complete retirement check box
TT (For retirement with revenue)210
On complete retirement AMR is de activated








  1. Scrapping the Asset
    1. Tcode: ABAVN
    2. Tcode: Easy – AA – Posting – Retirement – Asset Retirement by scrapping
    3. AMR deactivated on scrapping








  1. Asset Transactions – Intra/ Inter Company
  2. Perform an Intra company transfer between asset Class 3000 (Furniture) and AC 3100 (Vehicle)
    1. Tcode: ABUMN
    2. Tcode: Easy – FA – AA – Posting – Transfer – Transfer within company code






  1. Transfer between company codes belonging to the same Company (Group)
    1. Tcode: ABT1N
    2. Tcode: FA – AA – Posting – Transfer – Intercompany asset transfer
    3. Data:
Both company codes in same group company
Transfer variant Used1
Transfer Variant :

  • Specify Asset valuation method in the receiving company code
  • Transaction Type (Retirement/ Acquit ion) used for transfer

 


  1. Copy start date of depreciation to the New Asset
    1. Tcode: AA – Transaction – Intercompany asset transfer – Automatic Intercompany Asset Transfer – Define transfer variant








  1. Asset Transactions – AuC


  1. Assign a settlement profile (AI) to your company code
    1. Tcode: SPRO – FA – AA – Transactions – Capitalization of AuC -
      Assign Settlement Profile

       
  2. Acquition to AuC:
    1. Tcode: ABZON


  1. Distribute AuC (7000) Acquition document to Final Assets (2005, 2006)
    1. Tcode : AIAB
    2. Tcode: FA – Posting – Capitalize AuC – Distribute
    3. Steps : Chose Documents – Execute – Edit – Enter Distribution rules – Save

       
  2. Execute Settlement
    1. Tcode: FA – Posting – Capitalize – AuC - Settlement




  1. Unplanned Depreciation: ABAA












  1. Summary of Asset Accounting Tcode




ParticularsTcode
Overview of Asset ClassOAOA
Account DeterminationAO90
Define Screen LayoutSPRO – FA – AA – MD – Screen Layout
TAB Layout for AMRAOLA
View Changes to AMRAS04
External Asset Acquition with VendorF-90
External Asset acquition without vendorABZON
Asset ExplorerAW01N
Activate / Deactivate Depreciation areas for Asset Class in Chart of Depreciation OAYZ
Create Sub AssetsAS11
Create / Change / Display AMRAS01 / AS02 / AS03
Reverse Asset DocumentAS08
Asset Transaction Type DetailsAO73
Retire Asset to CustomerF-92
Asset Class ChangeABUMN
Inter Company Asset TransferABT1N
AuC SettlementAIAB
Define Asset Number RangeAS08
Share Asset Number Range with other company codesAO11











 




  1. Validation / Substitutions


  1. Validation & Substitution General
  2. To Validate or Substitute an entry

     
  3. Steps in Validation & substitution:
    1. Identify area of application
    2. Call up point for validation / Substitution
    3. Define Validation / Substitution
    4. Assign Validation / Substitution to company code (An Org. unit)
    5. Activate validation / substitution

       
  4. Application Area: Area where validation / substitution rule is used. e.g.
    1. FI
    2. CO
    3. Asset Management
    4. Special Purpose ledger
    5. PCA

       
  5. Application Area Key: Specify Application area where validation / substitution is used


  1. Call Up Point: Point at which Validation / Substitution processing starts


  1. Call Up Point for FI
    1. Document Header : Call up point 1
    2. Document Line Item : Call up point 2
    3. Complete Document : Call up point 3
    4. At this call up point can use only numeric field, used for mathematical calculation

       
  2. Formula Editor:
    1. Interface for editing arithmetic & Logical statements



       
  3. Assign Validation / Substitution to Organization Unit (Company code, Controlling area...)
    1. A validation / Substitution can be valid for several company codes




  1. Activate Validation / Substitution
    1. 0 : Inactive
    2. 1: Active (Dialog + batch)
    3. 2: Active (Dialog but not Batch)


  1. Only one validation / Substitution can be activated for a company code for 1 call up point






  1. Validation Execution


  1. Validation has following 3 parts
    1. Prerequisite
    2. Check
    3. Message
  2. If prerequisite is true :
    1. Check performed
    2. If check false, message displayed




  1. Message Type
IInformation
WWarning
EError
ACancel


  1. Can use predefined message or create own message








  1. Validation Can do following Logical Statements
    1. Compare fields with one another. BKFP-BUDAT <>BKPF-BLDAT. Statement true if date in field BUDAT is not equal to date in field BLDAT
    2. Validate field contents for certain values. BKPF-BLART = "SA". Statement true if document type = SA
    3. Check / compare only a part of the field. Details refer notes










  1. Substitution Execution
  2. Substitution steps has two parts
    1. Prerequisite: If prerequisite is true substitution is performed
    2. Replacement: Substitution
    3. Substitution Methods:
      1. Constant Values
      2. User Exit: Name of the Exit to be carried at Run Time
      3. Field-Field Assignment: Name of field whose content can be used for Substitution


  1. Rule:
    1. A Rule is a prerequisite or a check of validation
    2. A rule is normally created for a prerequisite that is frequently used. Rule can be used repeatedly

     
  2. Set:
    1. A data structure having a range of GL accounts













     


  1. Exercise: Validation / Substitution


  1. Create a validation rule that for GL a/c (telephone expense) 473110 / 473120 cost center must be 3336
    1. Tcode: OB28
    2. Steps:
    3. Double click on call up point 2 for company code MR03
    4. Click on validation create
    5. Data:
Validation G03
DescriptionTelephone Cost


  1. Click on step Insert
  2. Data:
  3. Double click BSEG-HKON- click = - Click constant and enter 473110 – click OR – Double click BSEG-HKONT – click = - Click constant and enter 473120 – Double click on BSEG-KOSTL – click = and enter 3336
  4. Define the required message "Assign cc 3336"
  5. Activate Validation – Go to Step 1 for call up point 2 select Validation G03 and activate it






  1. Create a Substitution rule that when customer invoice posted and Sales a/c = 810301 and Segment = SEG03 Then Substitute PC = PC05
    1. Tcode: SPRO –FA – FAGS – Document – Line Item – Define Substitution in account document
    2. For company code MR03 & call up point 02 create substitution rule G03
    3. Chose Insert – Select BSEG-PRCTR – Continue
    4. Enter the prerequisite
    5. Select Substitution and Enter PC as PC05
    6. Save and Activate












  1. The New GL
  2. Total tables when classic FI component used are:
    1. Classic FI: GLTO
    2. Cost of Sales Ledger: GLFUNCT
    3. Reconciliation Ledger: COFIT
    4. EX-PCA: GLPCT


  1. New GL Advantage
    1. It has an extended data structure. Thus new fields like cost center, Segment etc can be added to GL total table
    2. Balance sheet can be created for entities called segment. Real time document splitting between segment
    3. Real time FI & CO reconciliation



  1. New GL is optional for existing customer during a release upgrade
  2. In a new installation new GL is active
  3. Setting up System for New GL : SAP Note 756146
  4. Features of Leading Ledger:
    1. Manages additional local currencies assigned to a company code
    2. Uses Fiscal Year variant assigned to a company code
    3. Uses Posting Period Variant assigned to a company code
    4. Only Leading Ledger values posted to controlling

       
  5. Define additional currencies for leading ledger for a company code
    1. Tcode: SPRO – FA(N)- FAGS(N)- Ledger – Ledger – Define currencies of Leading Ledger

       
  6. Assign Fiscal Year variant and Posting Period to company code and Leading Ledger
    1. Tcode: SPRO – FA(N) – FAGS(N) – Ledger – Fiscal Year and Posting Period

       
  7. There are non leading ledger: Can be assigned currencies and Fiscal Year variant different from leading ledger

     
  8. New GL Total Tables:
    1. New GL total table: FAGLFLEXT
    2. Classic GL Total Table : GLTO
    3. New fields in new GL total table:
      1. Cost Center
      2. Profit Center
      3. Segment
      4. Can also add new fields predefined / new custom fields


  1. What is a scenario
    1. A scenario defines which fields are updated in ledger (Leading and non leading ledger) during posting
    2. Cannot define own scenario
    3. Scenarios provided by SAP:
      1. Cost Center update ( Update sender / receiver cost center)
      2. Profit Center Update ( Update Profit Center / Partner PC field)
      3. Segmentation ( Update segment, Partner segment and PC fields)
      4. Preparation for consolidation

         
    4. Display available scenarios
      1. Tcode: SPRO – FA(N) – FAGS(N) – Ledger – Fields – Display scenario for GL
    5. Assign scenarios to ledger:
      1. Tcode: SPRO – FA(N) – FAGS (N) – Leading ledger – Ledger - Assign

       
  2. Multiple non leading ledgers useful to show accounts as per different accounting principles

     
  3. In new GL FA documents has two views : FB03
    1. Entry View: In account field vendor number appear
    2. GL View: In account field vendor reconciliation account number appear

       
  4. Segment Field
    1. It is one of the standard account assignment object
    2. Enable analysis below company code level
    3. Alternative account assignment used earlier
      1. Profit Center
      2. Business Area
      3. Profit Segment
    4. A segment is assigned to master record of Profit Center. Posting is made to segment when profit center is posted
    5. Derive Segment from PC. Can have own rules through user exist (BADI). BADI is FAGL_DERIVE_SEGMENT
  5. Document Splitting
  6. 1st define for which FI characteristic document splitting is performed. FI characteristic:
    1. Business Area
    2. Profit Center
    3. Segment
    4. Tcode: SPRO – FA(N) – GL (N) – BT – Document splitting – Define document splitting characteristic for GL
    5. Zero Balance indicator: Useful if balance sheet is to be prepared for a characteristic

       
  7. Activate Document splitting
    1. Document splitting activated at client level
    2. Tcode: SPRO – FI (N) – GL(N) – BT – Document splitting – Activate document splitting
    3. Inheritance: In entry view 2 accounts (purchase services and travelling cost) plus 1 tax a/c. In GL view tax a/c amount split in two in the proportion of amount in purchase service and travelling cost

     
  8. Configuring New GL


  1. Activate New GL
    1. Tcode: SPRO – FA – FAGS – Activate New GL



       
  2. Check ID of Leading ledger
    1. Tcode: SPRO – FA(N) – FAGS(N) – Ledger – Ledger – Define Ledger for GL
    2. Data: OL

       
  3. Check scenarios assigned to leading ledger OL
    1. Tcode: SPRO – FA(N) – FAGS(N)- Ledger – Ledger – Assign Scenarios to Ledger
    2. Scenarios assigned
      1. Cost Center update
      2. Preparation for consolidation
      3. Profit Center Update
      4. Segmentation
      5. Cost of Sales account



         
  4. Create a new Segment SEG03
    1. Tcode: ES – Definition – FA – Define Segment




  1. Create a Profit Center
    1. Tcode: KE51
    2. Data: PC04

       
  2. Update Cost center 3336 with Profit Center PC04
    1. Tcode: KS02

       
  3. Check that cost center / Profit Center / Segment defined as OPTIONAL in Field Status Group of GL a/c 417000
    1. Tcode: FS00 – Enter a/c 417000 – Create Bank – Double click FSG G033

       
  4. Check Segment splitting defined for GL
    1. Tcode: SPRO – FA (N) – GL(N) – BT – Document Splitting – Define Document splitting …. GL
    2. Zero balance indicators checked: System checks that the balance of the characteristic (Segment) is zero during posting. If not system creates additional line item to achieve zero balance
    3. Mandatory indicator checked : System checks that all line items in the posting are assigned appropriate characteristic (Segment) after split



       
  5. Activate document splitting for company code MR03
    1. Tcode: SPRO – FA(N) – GL(N) – BT – Document splitting – Activate document splitting

       
  6. Assign Item category to GL a/c

     
  7. Assign Segment SEG03 to PC04
    1. Tcode: KE52

       
  8. Enter Vendor Invoice & split to cost center 3336 and 3338 so post to different characteristics



     
  9. Create segment SEGA and assign to cost center
    1. Create PC PC05 : KE51
    2. Create a new segment : SEGA
    3. Assign SEGA to PC05
    4. Create a CC 3339 and assign PC PC05 to it



       
  10. Assign company code MR03 to controlling area 1000
    1. Maintain controlling area
    2. Create cost center, Profit Center, Segment
    3. Assign Segment to Profit Center
    4. Assign Profit center to Cost Center

       
  11. Create a variant for Real time FI and CO integration
    1. Tcode: SPRO – FI (N) – FAGS(N) – Ledger – Real time integration of controlling with Financial Accounting – Define variant for real time integration
    2. Data:


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FI ECC 6 Certification Part-2

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