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Match-fixing, betting scandals in cricket

‘The Sun’ expose on bookies trying to fix the ongoing third Ashes Test being played at Perth, has now become the latest fixing incident to mar the sport of Cricket. Two bookmakers allegedly offered to sell details of rigged periods of play which could be bet on to win huge sums, The Sun reported. One of them claimed to have worked on the scam with former and current internationals including a World Cup-winning all-rounder.

ALSO READ: Fixing claims rock Ashes series

No Australia or England players were named as being involved. The tabloid said their undercover reporters were asked for up to £140,000 ($187,000, 158,000 euros) to “spot fix” markets such as the exact amount of runs scored in an over.

Here is a look at past incidents of match-fixing, spot-fixing and betting scandals that rocked cricket:

IPL 2013 spot-fixing

IPL team Chennai Super Kings, two-time champions in the IPL, and Rajasthan Royals were suspended from the cash-rich cricket league for two years for the betting activities of their key officials Gurunath Meiyappan and Raj Kundra during the 2013 season. Meiyappan, the former Team Principal of CSK, and Kundra, co-owner of the Rajasthan Royals, were suspended for life for indulging in betting and bringing the IPL and the game into disrepute. The BCCI slapped life bans on Indian Test pacer S Sreesanth, spinner Ankeet Chavan and Ajit Chandila for being involved in the IPL spot-fixing scam. The three players of Rajasthan Royals, along with 11 bookies, were arrested from Mumbai, Ahmedabad and Delhi in May. Other accused were arrested from different parts of the country later.

On July 30, 2013, Delhi police had filed a chargesheet in connection with the IPL 6 spot-fixing case, alleging that Dawood Ibrahim and his aide Chhota Shakeel were the “main guys” behind the Indian Premier League (IPL) spot-fixing scandal. Chandila was Banned for life from all official cricketing activities for his role. Former Mumbai batsman Hiken Shah, who had been suspended by the BCCI in July 2015 for making an “illegal approach” to a player, was handed a five-year ban.

Cronje-gate

On April 7, 2000, Delhi police charge South Africa captain Hansie Cronje with fixing the ODI series against India in March. Herschelle Gibbs, Pieter Strydom and Nicky Boje are also caught in the net. Cronje first denied the allegations before owning up to his misdeeds. He was sacked. SA launched the King Commission. Teammates testified against Cronje, who eventually admitted to taking large sums of money for giving information to bookmakers and asking teammates to underperform. Cronje was banned for life. Gibbs confessed he had accepted an offer from his former captain to make less than 20 runs in an ODI in India earlier in the year in exchange for $15,000.

Azhar ban and Kapil-Prabhakar spat

In 1997, Manoj Prabhakar accuses a fellow India player of having offered him Rs 25 lakh to throw a match against Pakistan in Lanka in 1994. BCCI appoints a commission to look into the allegation. On May 24, 2000, Prabhakar claims it was Kapil Dev who asked him to underperform. On July 20, IT officials raid the homes of top cricket players and officials across the country. On Nov 27, 2000, Azharuddin was found guilty of match-fixing, while Ajay Jadeja, Manoj Prabhakar, Ajay Sharma and former Indian team physio Ali Irani are found guilty of having links with bookies. On Dec 5, 2000, Azharuddin and Ajay Sharma were banned for life.

The no-ball scandal

On Nov 3, 2011, Pakistan’s Salman Butt, Mohammad Amir and Mohammad Asif were jailed by a British court over no-balls, bowled deliberately in a Test match against England at Lord’s in 2010. The revelations were made by a sting operation conducted by the now-defunct News of the World tabloid. Their agent, Mazhar Majeed, was jailed too. In Feb 2011, the ICC banned Butt for 10 years, Asif for seven and Amir for five.

Salim Malik case

In 1994, Aussies Shane Warne, Tim May and Mark Waugh alleged that Pak captain Salim Malik asked them to bowl badly to lose the Karachi Test. On May 24, 2000, Pak’s one-man judicial commission found Malik guilty of fixing matches and recommended a life ban.

More Pak cricketers under scanner

In 1998, Pakistan bowler Ata-ur-Rahman accused Wasim Akram of offering him Rs 3 lakh to bowl badly against New Zealand. Akram resigned as captain. Rashid Latif accused Akram, Malik, Inzamam and Ijaz Ahmed of fixing matches. On May 24, 2000, Rehman was found guilty of fixing matches and got a life ban. It was also recommended that Akram and Mushtaq Ahmed not be allowed to captain Pakistan in future.

Lou Vincent- Chris Cairns saga

Former New Zealand cricketer Lou Vincent was handed 11 life bans from cricket by the England and Wales Cricket Board after admitting to taking part in match-fixing. Vincent stated that that he had helped to fix matches under “direct orders” from his captain, Chris Cairns. Speaking at Cairns’ perjury trial, Vincent, 36, said that Cairns persuaded him to take part in match-fixing while they were playing for the Chandigarh Lions in the Indian Cricket League in 2008. The charges relate to a libel case that Cairns, 45, brought against Lalit Modi, the founder of the Indian Premier League (IPL), in March 2012. Cairns successfully sued Modi for £1.4 million ($2.14 million) after being accused of match-fixing on Twitter in January 2010.

Warne and Waugh’s tryst with Indian bookie

In 1998, Warne & Mark Waugh confessed that they had been passing on weather and pitch information to an Indian bookie during the Singer Cup in Sri Lanka in 1994. Both were fined by the Australian board.

Other incidents:

2004: Kenya’s former captain, Maurice Odumbe, was banned for five years after being found guilty of receiving money from bookmakers on several occasions.

2004: NZ captain Stephen Fleming claimed he was offered $370,000 by an Indian sports promoter during the 1999 World Cup to join a match-fixing syndicate.

2008: Marlon Samuels was banned for two years for allegedly passing on match-related information to an Indian bookie during West Indies’ one-day series in India in 2007.

2010: Essex players Danish Kaneria and Mervyn Westfield were banned following an investigation into betting irregularities. Kaneria was banned for life by the ECB for his role in the same scandal. Westfield was Westfield banned for spot-fixing in 2012, but was later cleared to return to county second XI and minor counties cricket.

2012: BCCI imposed life ban on pacer TP Sudhindra but handed lighter punishments to four other domestic players who were exposed in the TV sting operation regarding the IPL spot-fixing scandal. Shalabh Srivastav was banned for five years. Mohnish Mishra, Amit Yadav and Abhinav Bali were banned for a year each.

2016: Gulam Bodi, the former South African international cricketer, was banned for 20 years after he admitted to charges of contriving or attempting to fix matches in South Africa’s domestic Twenty20 competition.

2016: former South African opener Alviro Petersen was banned for two years by Cricket South Africa over breaches of the anti-corruption code, in relation to match-fixing during the 2015-16 season of a domestic Twenty20 competition.

2017: Pakistan batsman Khalid Latif was handed a five-year ban and fined one million rupees by the anti-corruption tribunal after finding him guilty of six breaches of the Pakistan Cricket Board’s anti-corruption code. The tribunal, headed by a former judge of the Lahore High Court, has already banned Test opener Sharjeel Khan for five years with half of the sentence suspended on spot-fixing charges. Latif was found guilty of trying to instigate teammates to spot-fix and convincing Sharjeel to meet with the bookmaker in Dubai.

Source : timesofindia



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