Hanuma Vihari made 101 off 182 balls before retiring, while Cheteshwar Pujara scored 93.
Besides, Ajinkya Rahane (18) was the only other Indian batsmen to register double digit score.
The likes of Prithvi Shaw (0), Mayank Agarwal (1) and Shubman Gill (0) failed to cash in on the opportunity.
Scott Kuggeleijn (3/40) and Ish Sodhi (3/72) shared six wickets between them for New Zealand.
India: 263 for 9 in 78.5 overs (Hanuma Vihari 101, Cheteshwar Pujara 93; Scott Kuggeleijn 3/40, Ish Sodhi 3/72).