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Education System in USA | Various stages in USA Education System

Harvard UniversityEducation System in USA:-
Studying in the United States has many advantages, but before
choosing the program that best suits your needs, you will want to first learn about the American Education system. There is a wide range of choices and opportunities, and you should have all the information you need to decide that suits you.

The role played by U.S Government in Education:
Unlike many other countries, the central government of the United States does not control the education system. On the contrary, higher education systems are either: 1) controlled by independent groups of people, or by administrators (in the case of private schools), or 2) shared between local and state governments (in the case of public schools). A major difference between these two types of schools is the cost. Private schools are generally much more expensive than their counterparts in public schools, mainly because private schools must rely on sources outside the government for funding. 

In addition, the US Department of Education reviews and recognizes "accreditation bodies" that, in turn, ensure the quality of the school and their programs. Most colleges and universities have what is called a "regional accreditation" of an agency that oversees that part of the country where the school is located. You have to ensure whether the school you choose has accreditation, which means that it has met specific academic, administrative and financial standards. Accreditation also ensures that your degree will be recognized by other educational institutions and employers.

Some fields of study will also have "program accreditation" in addition to regional accreditation. For example, the Engineering and Technology Accreditation Council accredits engineering programs. Your education advisor abroad can help you determine if program accreditation exists in your field of study.

Various options to earn a Degree:
Education is compulsory in the United States until the age of 16 and the majority of students complete high school. After completing 12 years of elementary and secondary school, students often begin post-secondary learning or higher education. The first level of higher education in USA Education System is the undergraduate study; Beyond an undergraduate degree, a Student may choose to receive advanced training, also known as postgraduate work. Traditionally, these programs are undertaken on campus, but there is a growing number of accredited online academic degrees that appear for students from all over the world. They can offer fantastic benefits to international students.

If you start the two-year option against a four-year undergraduate program, you will want to think about your goals. Some employers prefer candidates who have studied for four full years, particularly in competitive fields where many students are looking for a job. Other professional fields may need employees with only two years of study at the belt. You must do your research to make an informed choice.

In addition, other non-degree-granting options exist outside the traditional academic setting that students should explore as another option.

How to apply to schools?

Although admissions policies are different from school to school, most schools decide admission based on several common criteria, including high school curriculum, cumulative grade point average, participation in extra-curricular activities, SAT or ACT exam results, written essay, and possibly a personal interview.

When looking at the records of a potential high school student, the Admissions Office examines whether the student has taken courses in high school that will prepare them for more difficult courses. The admissions office will also consider the student's GPA. A GPA is a quantitative number averaging the grades accumulated by a student.

Academic admissions also like applications from students who have participated in extra-curricular activities, such as theatrical or art clubs, school clubs or sports teams. Participation in this type of activity demonstrates that the student has acquired valuable skills such as teamwork and leadership.

Most high school students in the United States follow the (SAT Reasoning Test) or the (ACT) in their last year of high school. These are standardized quantitative examinations. Each school establishes a minimum SAT or ACT score that a student must attain to be admitted.

Universities often require applicants to write a test as part of their application. Each intake office determines the length and content of the test. For tips on writing an admission essay.The applicant may also be required to have a personal interview with a representative of the Admissions Office.

Undergraduate Program:

University students pursuing a bachelor's degree are named as "undergraduate students". Most of the universities offer undergraduate students a liberal education, which means that students must take courses in several disciplines before choosing a field of study. Undergraduate students often ask, "What is your major?", Which means, "What is your main field of study?

Courses at most universities last only one semester. Each course is awarded a number of credit hours, usually based on time spent in class. Most courses are three credits, but some can be one, two, four or five credits. All degree programs require their students to complete a minimum number of credits before they are eligible for graduation. Most bachelor's degree programs do not require students to write a final thesis.

Graduate Program:

Students pursuing a master's or Ph.D. degree are considered to be "graduate students". Graduate and professional programs are specialized, which means that students have a field of study from the beginning of the academic year.

Students continue to take graduate courses and a final dissertation is required for most of the programs. Ph.D. students take courses until they have acquired enough credit hours to pass their qualifying exams, which are usually taken several days and often include a written and oral component. After the qualifying exams, Ph.D. students are promoted to the application and can start writing their thesis. Before graduation, the candidate's full dissertation must be orally defended before the candidate's faculty committee.
As Education in USA is costly affair for middle class and below class students,Indian Government
is offering scholarships for Education in USA for meritorious students who want to study in USA.

This post first appeared on EDUCATION4ALLHUB, please read the originial post: here

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Education System in USA | Various stages in USA Education System


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