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Iron Deficiency

Iron Deficiency

  • Purpose of the Test:

    To diagnose Iron Deficiency Anemia, your doctor may run tests to look for:

    • Red blood cell size and color:

    With iron deficiency anemia, red Blood cells are smaller and paler in color than normal.

    • Hematocrit:

    This is the percentage of your blood volume made up by Red Blood Cells. Normal levels are generally between 34.9 and 44.5 percent for adult women and 38.8 to 50 percent for adult men. These values may change depending on your age.

    • Hemoglobin:

    Lower than normal hemoglobin levels indicate anemia. The normal hemoglobin range is generally defined as 13.5 to 17.5 grams (g) of hemoglobin per deciliter (dL) of blood for men and 12.0 to 15.5 g/dL for women. The normal ranges for children vary depending on the child’s age and sex.

    • Ferritin:

    This protein helps store iron in your body, and a low level of ferritin usually indicates a low level of stored iron.

  • Importance of the Test:

    This test is important because it helps to find the iron deficiency in following:

    • women of childbearing age
    • pregnant women
    • people with poor diets
    • people who donate blood frequently
    • infants and children, especially those born prematurely or experiencing a growth spurt
    • vegetarians who don’t replace meat with another iron-rich food
  • Instructions to the Patient:

    If your doctor suspects iron deficiency anaemia, he or she will do a physical exam and ask about your symptoms and your medical history. Your doctor will want to know about:

    • Any medicines that you are taking
    • Your eating habits
    • Any current or past conditions or diseases that you or a close family member has had
    • Your history of pregnancy, menstruation, or other sources of bleeding.
  • How the test will feel?:

    After the test, you can usually leave and go about your life as usual. However, if you feel faint or lightheaded during the blood draw, you should rest before you leave the testing facility.

  • How is it performed?:

    You may have your blood drawn in a hospital or at a specialized testing facility. To administer the test:

    • The healthcare provider will clean your skin before the test to prevent any microorganisms on your skin from contaminating the test.
    • They’ll likely wrap a cuff or some sort of pressure device on your arm. This will help your veins become more visible.
    • They will use a needle to draw several samples of blood from your arm.
    • After the draw, the healthcare provider will place some gauze and a bandage over the puncture site.
    • Then they will send the blood sample to a laboratory for testing.
  • Alternative Names:

    Iron Deficiency-Anaemia Test

  • Gender & Age:

    This test is suitable for both male and female of any age group. However if a child or adult is not comfortable with the test it shouldn’t be performed on them.


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Iron Deficiency


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