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Kidney Profile

Kidney Profile

Kidney function tests are common lab tests used to evaluate how well the kidneys are working. Such tests include:

  • BUN (Blood urea nitrogen)
  • Creatinine – blood
  • Creatinine clearance
  • Creatinine – urine
  • Purpose of the Test:

    The routine Blood and urine tests listed below may provide the first indication of a kidney problem or may be ordered if chronic kidney disease (CKD) is suspected due to a person’s signs and symptoms. These tests reflect how well the kidneys are removing excess fluids and wastes and some are included in the basic and comprehensive metabolic panels (BMP and CMP).

  • Importance of the Test:

    •  As part of a general health assessment.
    • If you have suspected low body water content (dehydration), when the urea level increases.
    • If you have suspected kidney failure. The higher the blood levels of urea and creatinine, the less well the kidneys are working. The level of creatinine is usually used as a marker as to the severity of kidney failure. Creatinine in itself is not harmful but a high level indicates that the kidneys are not working properly. So, many other waste products will not be cleared out of the bloodstream. You normally need treatment with dialysis if the level of creatinine goes higher than a certain value.
    • Before and after starting treatment with certain medicines. Some medicines occasionally cause kidney damage as a side-effect. Therefore, kidney function is often checked before and after starting treatment with certain medicines.
  • Instructions to the Patient:

    • Your doctor will give you complete instructions on how to prepare for the blood sample portion of the test.
    • Certain medications and foods may affect levels of these enzymes and proteins in your blood.
    • Your doctor may ask you to avoid some types of medications, or they may ask you to avoid eating anything for a period of time before the test.
    • You may want to wear a shirt with sleeves that can easily be rolled up to make it easier to collect the blood sample.
  • How the test will feel?:

    After the test, you can usually leave and go about your life as usual. However, if you feel faint or lightheaded during the blood draw, you should rest before you leave the testing facility.

  • How is it performed?:

    You may have your blood drawn in a hospital or at a specialized testing facility. To administer the test:

    • The healthcare provider will clean your skin before the test to prevent any microorganisms on your skin from contaminating the test.
    • They’ll likely wrap a cuff or some sort of pressure device on your arm. This will help your veins become more visible.
    • They will use a needle to draw several samples of blood from your arm.
    • After the draw, the healthcare provider will place some gauze and a bandage over the puncture site.
    • Then they will send the blood sample to a laboratory for testing.
  • Alternative Names:

    Kidney Function Test

  • Gender & Age:

    This test is suitable for both male and female of any age group. However if a child or adult is not comfortable with the test it shouldn’t be performed on them.

Reference:
  • https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/kidneytests
  • https://labtestsonline.org/understanding/conditions/kidney/start/3

The post Kidney Profile appeared first on BHO Health Blogs.



This post first appeared on BHO Health Blogs | 19 Natural Remedies For Varicos, please read the originial post: here

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