Addiction is a chronic, relapsing disease affecting the brain’s reward, motivation, and related systems. People struggling with addictions are unable to control their actions or make rational decisions about their behaviour, even in the face of negative consequences. There are many different types of addictions. Some of these include alcohol dependence; drug dependence, both illegal and prescription drug use; pain medication addiction; and, compulsive behaviors such as gambling, shopping, eating, video games, sex, cybersex, hoarding and exercise. Treatment rehabilitation or treatment programs for any of the above addictions must be both specific to the addiction as well as the person addicted. Some of the most common forms of treatment rehabilitation include residential treatment also known as in-patient treatment; out-patient programs; local support groups; extended care centers; recovery or half-way/sober houses; addiction counseling; mental health; orthomolecular medicine and medical care.
Residential treatments usually consist of living at a treatment centre for a given amount of time to detox and remove oneself from a negative environment. The next step for many is to begin an intensive outpatient program, continuing the counseling and behavioral changes required. For many, after they are able to live in the ‘real world’ without being influenced back into negative behavior, more casual support systems are put into place long term.
The concept of treatment rehabilitation must be seen as a long term process rather than a quick fix. Dependencies associated with addictions is a chronic condition, requiring an understanding by the addict and those in his immediate environment that both behaviors and general beliefs need to change in order for the addict to become an effective ‘sober’ member of society – this must include a long term continuum of care to enable this aggressive change. Under that same concept, there needs to be a realization that there are many approaches to treatment rehabilitation and that none work for everyone – many of the treatment rehabilitation centers offer age and gender-specific programs.
Scientific research since 1970 shows that effective treatment addresses the multiple needs of the patient rather than treating addiction alone. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) notes that effective treatment must address medical (addiction) and mental health (behavior) services as well as follow-up options, such as community or family based recovery support systems. Treatment Rehabilitation specific to behavioral therapy may include ways to help the addict recognize, avoid and cope with situations that may make them most likely to relapse.
Regardless the methodology, an addict’s motivation is an important factor in treatment rehabilitation success. Facilities that offer specialized, comprehensive and client-centered treatment programs that help addicts recover in a safe and caring environment is central to the future success and ability to become a sober, effective member of society. This residential treatment involves living at a treatment facility while undergoing intensive treatment during the day. Residential treatment normally lasts from 30-90 days. This environment for many is imperative for them to take the next steps in working on their behavior, changing their environment and influences and identifying a long-term rehabilitative plan. In-patient treatment rehabilitation may consist of interactive educational and counseling sessions to help addicts gain insight into their unique issues and develop new skills and abilities to live a healthy life.
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