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Scientists Uncover Protein That Can Stop Breast Cancer From Spreading

Scientists have identified a protein that could stop breast cancer from spreading.

When activated, the receptor protein, which is called EPHA2, can help stop Cancer cells from leaving blood vessels and moving to other parts of the body.

Breast Cancer Cells have a tendency to spread to specific areas of the body than others, according to Cancer Research UK. Cells travelling in the bloodstream usually tend to settle in the bones, liver or lungs.

Scientists are convinced that with further research, they could discover ways to activate EPHA2 so that these Tumour Cells can’t spread and cause secondary Breast Cancer.

The health study, financed by Cancer Research UK, discovered how cancer cells moved from blood vessels to travel to new parts of the body.

Researchers from The Institute of Cancer Research, London, and the University of Manchester,
map how these cancer cells interacted and exchanged information with cells that made up the blood vessels.

When tumour cells spread, they first enter the blood stream and grip onto the inner walls of blood vessels.

They found that cancer cells control a receptor protein called EPHA2 in order to push their way out of the vessels.

But when these cancer cells interact with the walls of the blood vessels, EPHA2 is activated and the tumour cells remain inside the blood vessels.

In contrast, when the protein is inactive, the tumour cells can push out and spread across the body.

Dr Claus Jorgensen, who led the research, said: “The next step is to figure out how to keep this receptor switched on, so that the tumour cells can’t leave the blood vessels – stopping breast cancer spreading and making the disease easier to treat successfully.”

Nell Barrie, Cancer Research UK’s senior science information manager, said: “This is important research that teaches us more about how Breast Cancer Cells move.

“Research like this is vital to help our understanding of how cancer spreads, and how to stop this from happening. More research is needed before this will benefit patients but it’s a jump in the right direction.”

The study was published in the journal Science Signaling.

This post first appeared on Blog Posts – Parenting Blog|Parenting Advice And, please read the originial post: here

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Scientists Uncover Protein That Can Stop Breast Cancer From Spreading


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