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Fibromyalgia: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

In Fibromyalgia, there is widespread pain in the musculoskeletal system and there is an amplified response of pain in the body to even mild pressure. In this syndrome the muscles and soft tissues of the body are affected. Fibromyalgia is a long term disorder. Fibromyalgia is a condition that is diagnosed by first ruling out other diseases because there is no specific test for it. The symptoms cannot be measured by tests, and hence, fibromyalgia is often misdiagnosed as another disease. Approximately 6% of the people in the world are affected by fibromyalgia. Almost twice the number of women are affected by Fibromyalgia than the number of men.

3D Medical Animation showing Fibromyalgia Trigger points

Symptoms

The most common symptom of it is chronic muscle Pain. If the pain is a kind of dull ache that affects a large part of the body and persists for at least 3 months then it is a symptom of fibromyalgia. Other common symptoms that accompany the pain are fatigue, trouble in sleeping, cognitive difficulties,
headaches, depression and anxiety.

Causes

Specific causes of fibromyalgia haven’t been identified yet. This condition may run in the family and hence could be caused due to genetics. Infections may trigger or cause fibromyalgia. Physical trauma and psychological stress also contribute greatly to the development of it in people.

Treatment

There is no cure for it; so the emphasis in Fibromyalgia treatment is in managing pain, minimising other symptom, and improving quality of life.
Medications that help in reducing the pain and improve sleep are pain relievers like ibuprofen and acetaminophen, antidepressants like duloxetine and milnacipran and antiseizure drugs like gabapentin. Lifestyle changes and alternative remedies are used in combination with the medication to lower stress and reduce the pain.

Physical therapy, regular exercise and a healthy diet are a very important part of the treatment for fibromyalgia.Other methods that may be used to supplement in reducing the symptoms of fibromyalgia are massage, meditation, yoga and acupuncture.

Over 4 million Americans have Fibromyalgia. While it can’t be cured, there are several methods to reduce the impact of the symptoms.

Disclaimer: The information in no way constitutes, or should be construed as medical advice. Nor is the above article an endorsement of any research findings discussed in the article an endorsement for any of the source publications.


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Test your knowledge

  1. Longest bone in the human body?
  2. Smallest bone in the human body?
  3. Bone between the scapula and the sternum?
  4. Identify the highlighted skull bone?
  5. How many bones are present in a newly born infant?
  6. Cells manufacturing bones and cartilage?

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