Adequate Bone density is essential to ensure a normal quality of life. Strong bones are essential to keep you active and independent. A bone mineral density test, medically measures the bone health in a human being. The outcomes of this test indicate whether a person has Osteoporosis, a disease that leads to fractures and breakage in the bone stemming from the loss of bone mass. Not only elders, but others can also fall prey to bone ailments if care is not taken. Certain studies indicate that adolescents who do not consume the recommended amounts of calcium and vitamin D are also prone to Osteoporosis.
Below are a few things you must know about your bone health and the Bone Density test.
- Adolescents and women over the age of 45 years should undergo an annual bone density checkup. Good lifestyle habits and early detection can help individuals to curtail the chances of getting Osteoporosis. This disease can be debilitating to human beings; it reduces the full scope of human mobility.
- Modern medical computer software and X-rays help doctors and medical professionals to conduct a bone density test. Doctors recommend that most women should undergo the first bone density test at the age of 65. They must repeat the procedure every two years after the first test.
- Modern bone density tests measure the absolute amount of bone as measured by bone mineral density (BMD) testing. This generally correlates with bone strength and its ability to bear weight. BMD is ascertained with a dual energy low-dose X-ray absorptiometry test. The outcomes of the test help medical professionals to predict the potential risks of fracture in a human body.
- A T-score within 1 standard deviation of the normal young adult value is considered normal. A T-score below -1 is considered abnormal. Low bone mass – also known as osteopenia – refers to a T-score between -1 and -2.5. This signifies high risk of fracture. A BMD that is higher than 2.5 standard deviations from the normal (T score less than or equal to -2.5) defines the condition known as osteoporosis.
- Every individual must work to preserve high values in bone density. Eating a healthy diet is the foremost measure that preserves bone density. Calcium-rich foods such as cheese, milk, yoghurt, broccoli, and spinach must be essential components of a healthy diet. Further, a healthy diet must include fish, tuna, milk, and eggs because these are rich sources of Vitamin D.
- Healthy lifestyle choices such as physical exercise, abstaining from tobacco and alcohol, and the regular intake of prescribed medications also help to defeat the dangers posed by low bone density. Elderly people and inactive citizens should take special care to preserve bone health.
- Medical experts note that the long-term use of corticosteroid medication, can permanently damage human bones and bone structures. Therefore, patients must consume such medication under active guidance and in moderation.
Despite taking all the precautions, if you notice any bone related health issues in your children, elders, or other family member, you must consult an orthopedist to get proper diagnosis and treatment, if needed. It will only ensure a healthy life for them in the future as well.