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What is Vitamin B12 Deficiency | Causes | Symptoms | Diet

What Is Vitamin B12 Deficiency | Causes | Symptoms | Diet

Vitamin B12 Deficiency- Vitamin B12 is the most complexed structured vitamin amongst vitamin B. It is a water-soluble vitamin all the other B- vitamins. The human body can store vitamin B12 in the body for about 4 years. If the vitamin B12 is found exceeding the limit the body throws the excess vitamin out of the body through Urine. Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin, therefore, it can dissolve in the water and enter our body system. This vitamin is naturally found in meats and can also be produced in industries by synthesising fermented bacteria. Benefits of Vitamin B12 Vitamin B12 Deficiency Symptoms The recommended value of micrograms Foods for Non-Vegetarians Foods for Vegetarians Who are at risk? Fast facts about Vitamin B12  

Benefits of Vitamin B12

The human body produces thousands of red blood cells every single minute. In order to multiply the cells properly the body needs vitamin B12. If the vitamin B12 level is low the body in according to the required level, it will have an effect on the production of red blood cells. If the red blood cell count drops beyond the limit, it might cause anaemia. Vitamin B12 also plays an important part in the normal functioning of the brain and the nervous system. It also helps in regulating DNA and also helps in the formation of red blood cells. Vitamin B12 helps in synthesising fatty acids and helps the body to produce energy. It helps the body to produce energy by absorbing folic acid.  Metabolism of every cell in the body depends on vitamin B12.

Vitamin B12 Deficiency symptoms

Source Deficiency of vitamin B12 occurs when the body does not receive the required amount of vitamin B12. If the vitamin B12 drops down below the required value certain symptoms like confusion, depression, fatigue, memory problem etc can occur. Other symptoms include loss of appetite, weight loss, constipation, neurological changes such as tingling in feet and hands, anaemia, Lack of vitamin B12 in infants can lead unusual movements such reflex problems, irritation, feeding problems, face tremors etc. Some people with lack of vitamin B12 have a higher risk of mania, dementia, psychosis. Other symptoms include:
    • Diarrhoea
    • Weight loss
    • A sore tongue or mouth
    • Yellowing of skin
    • Menstrual problems

The recommended value of micrograms of vitamin B12 according to age

  • Infants (6 months old): 0.4 mcg
  • Babies in the age group between 7-12 months: 0.5 mcg
  • Children within the age group of 1-3 years: 0.9 mcg
  • children within the age group of 4-8 years: 1.2 mcg
  • Children within the age group of 9-13 years: 1.8 mcg
  • Teens within the age group of 14-18: 2.4 mcg (2.6 mcg per day)
  • Adults who have crossed the age of 19 years: 2.4 mcg (2.6 mcg per day if you are pregnant women and 2.8 mcg per day if your breastfeeding women)

Foods (Non- vegetarian)

Source Vitamin B12 is naturally found in animal products like meat, egg, fish and dairy products. 1.    Pork 2.    Beef 3.    Ham 4.    Lamb 5.    Chicken and eggs 6.    Fish like tuna and haddock

Foods (Vegetarian)

Source Vitamin B12 is mostly found in animal products. It is typically not found in plant food. Vegan people can use certain supplements to treat Vitamin B12 deficiency. 1.    Dairy products such as Yogurt, milk, cheese 2.    Fortified plant-based milk 3.    Fortified cereals 4.    Nutritional yeast 5.    Fortified tofu 6.    Fortified fruit juice

Who are at risk?

Vegetarian is always at the risk of vitamin B12 deficiency as the diet does not contain any animal products such as meat, egg etc. Vitamin B12 is usually found in animal products. Plant foods do not contain enough vitamin B12 which can help in long run. Lactation and pregnancy can worsen the case. People who have a history of anaemia and individual who does not have required intrinsic factor (IF), a type of protein that helps the body to absorb B12 Vitamin. Other people at risk include individuals with a history of intestinal problems such as a person who has gone through a surgery to shorten small intestine and Crohn’s disease etc.  

Fast facts on vitamin B12

  • More than 10 million cases in India itself
  • Treatable by medical professional
  • Lack of vitamin B12 can lead to anaemia and neurological problems
  • Vitamin B12 is an important vitamin which helps in smooth functioning of the brain and helps in synthesising red blood cells
  • People who are above 14 years of age should consume 2.4 micrograms (mcg) of vitamin B12 on a daily basis
  • Vitamin B12 is usually found in meats and for vegetarian people, they can obtain vitamin B12 by consuming vitamin B12 supplements

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What is Vitamin B12 Deficiency | Causes | Symptoms | Diet