(Content Updated 3/23/2017)
By Joy Stephenson-Laws and the pH health care professionals
Bananas are one of the most popular fruits around. In fact, they seem to be America’s favorite fruit, according to the USDA. The average American eats 27 pounds of bananas a year, and it’s no wonder! They’re high in potassium, dietary fiber, antioxidants, and vitamins B6 and C.
But what you may not know about bananas is that you don’t have to wait for them to turn yellow to enjoy them. In fact, there may be benefits of eating them Green that you don’t get when they’re ripe. Both green and yellow bananas have their own perks, but people who have diabetes should lean toward the green ones.
What are the benefits of green bananas for a person with diabetes?
You may have noticed that bananas get sweeter as they ripen. This is because the bananas’ chemical composition changes through the ripening process, turning from starch to sugar. This means the green, unripe bananas have much less sugar than the fully ripe bananas.
Additionally, recent research shows resistant starch, found in Green Bananas, may improve insulin sensitivity. Resistant starch is a type of starch that “resists” digestion, thereby acting like fiber and making you feel full longer. However, when it is cooked, most of the starch in a green banana becomes highly digestible and is no longer “resistant.”
Resistant starch has also shown promise for being a natural weight loss tool. However, if you’re like the average American, you probably don’t get nearly enough resistant starch in your diet. A typical Western diet contains highly digestible starches that have a high glycemic index.
Foods like potatoes, rice, pasta, cereals and breads are low in resistant starch. Cooked legumes, peas and green bananas are high in resistant starch. They also have a lower glycemic index!
What are some general benefits of green bananas?
- Higher resistant starch content and lower sugar
- May help with diarrhea as well as certain intestinal issues like shigellosis
- Nourish the intestinal lining, helping you absorb nutrients better, particularly calcium, thanks to short chain fatty acids
What are the benefits of yellow bananas?
- Easier to digest due to higher glycemic index
- Higher levels of antioxidants the more they ripen
- Produces a cytokine called TNF (Tumor Necrosis Factor), which means ripe bananas have anti-cancer properties as they combat abnormal cells
So which is better overall?
Because bananas change as they ripen, they offer different benefits at each stage. While many people will continue to eat mostly yellow bananas with brown spots because of their antioxidants, green bananas may be better option for those with diabetes.
But what are the downsides of green bananas?
Green bananas may taste less sweet or be more bland than yellow bananas, and their texture tends to be much firmer. For that reason, they may not be the tastiest snack raw, but there are many ways you can prepare them! Here are some ideas.
Simple and creative ways to use raw green bananas
- Slice and mix your green bananas with yogurt and oats for breakfast!
- Dip your green bananas in yogurt, roll in chopped nuts and freeze them as an ice cream or popsicle alternative.
- Dice and toss green bananas with lemon juice, salt, sugar and onion to make a tangy banana chutney.
Zesty banana salad
You will need:
- 2 cups coarsely chopped bananas
- ¾ cup fresh curds, whisked
- ½ cup finely chopped fresh mint leaves
- Salt to taste
- 2 tsp sugar
- A few drops of lemon juice
- ½ cup peeled and roughly chopped cucumber
- ½ TBSP roasted and coarsely crushed peanuts
For the garnish:
- 1 TBSP roasted and coarsely crushed peanuts
- ½ TBSP finely chopped dill leaves
- ½ tsp finely chopped green chillies
- For the dressing, combine the curds, mint leaves, salt, pepper and sugar in a bowl, mix well and keep aside.
- Combine the bananas, lemon juice, cucumber, salt, dill leaves, crushed peanuts and prepared dressing and toss well.
- Serve chilled garnished with peanuts, dill leaves and green chillies.
In Caribbean cooking, green bananas are often boiled. Boiling them is, of course, a healthier and less fatty option than frying them. Here is a simple way to boil them as a side dish:
- Fill a large pot two-thirds full of water. Add a dash of salt. Bring the water to a boil over medium-high heat.
- Wash the outside of the banana peels with soapy water to remove pesticides. Place the whole, unpeeled green bananas into the boiling water. You can add 1 tsp of lemon juice to the water to prevent the bananas from turning brown. Allow them to boil for 20 minutes or until they are soft enough to be easily pierced with a fork.
- Remove the bananas from the boiling water. Use a paring knife to make a lengthwise slit into the banana peel. Remove the peel from each banana.
More dishes you can try:
- Caribbean fish stew with green bananas
- Jamaican green banana salad (an alternative to potato salad)
- Green banana curry
Enjoy Your Healthy Life!
The pH professional health care team includes recognized experts from a variety of health care and related disciplines, including physicians, attorneys, nutritionists, nurses and certified fitness instructors. This team also includes the members of the pH Medical Advisory Board, which constantly monitors all pH programs, products and services. To learn more about the pH Medical Advisory Board, click here.