Artificial reproduction or Insemination is the medical procedure of inserting human sperm directly into the female uterus, cervix, or fallopian tubes. This procedure is used for a variety of infertility problems including male infertility problems such as low sperm count, or female infertility problems such as endometriosis or unreceptive cervical mucus.
Among the most common methods of Artificial Insemination is the Intrauterine insemination method (or IUI), where the sperm is placed directly into the uterus.
This article presents detailed information on artificial insemination procedure, along with factors that impact its success rate.
Details of the medical procedure
Before performing artificial insemination, a fertility test is performed on the couple to determine the motility and viability of the male sperm and the female ovary. The woman's menstrual cycle and ovulation are also observed by the medical technicians using ovulation kits, ultrasound equipment, or blood tests. Sperms can either be provided by the women’s husband, partner or from a sperm donor. Before performing the procedure, the couple is advised to abstain from sex for at least 2-5 days before the procedure.
For higher success ratio, the male sperm needs to go through a “washing” process within an hour of ejaculation. The washing process removes any chemicals from the semen, which may cause discomfort to the women. During this process, the sperms are stored at room temperature for around 30 minutes and are then treated with a mild chemical to collect the most active sperm.
Intrauterine insemination involves the injection of the washed sperm directly into the uterus, using a thin tube called as the catheter. Following the IUI, the woman is advised to rest on the table for around 15 to 45 minutes to increase the chances of pregnancy.
Success Rate of Artificial Insemination
Artificial insemination, using the IUI method, has a successful pregnancy rate of 15-20% for each menstrual cycle. Due to the lower percentage, doctors will advise you to try the procedure at least 3-6 times before changing the treatment method. In the case of IUI, around 60-70% of the pregnancies happen after 6 cycles.
Additionally, the success rate of artificial insemination is also determined by the following factors:
- Women’s age, with a high rate of success for women under 30 years. The success rate decreases with advanced maternal age, particularly for women above the age of 40.
- A total mobile sperm (TMS) count, of more than 5 million per ml is considered optimal for success using IUI. The TMS count is a combination of the sperm count along with sperm motility and volume.
- Severe case of endometriosis
- Blockage or severe damage to the fallopian tubes, caused by long-term infection.
IUI treatment in India
For couples who are unable to conceive a baby through natural intercourse, artificial insemination treatments like IUI are performed at major hospitals and specialty centers across India. Depending on the standard of the available medical facilities, Indian hospitals offer affordable treatment costs, with a single IUI cycle costing between 3,000/- to a maximum of 10,000/-.
The PSTakecare website offers the best of IUI treatment options in India. You can go to the website to enquire and discover surgery packages that fit your requirement and budget. You can also book a doctor’s appointment at your chosen hospital directly on the website.