Most women have experienced sometime in their life discomfort in the Vagina and the lips.
However, when there is a decrease in estrogen, symptoms increase due to dryness in the intima. In medical terms it is known as vaginal atrophy that causes inflammation in the area.
Although apparently mild, this discomfort alters daily activities, sexual life and therefore, the relationship with the couple.
But why does it occur?
It happens when there is a decrease of fluids in the vaginal zone. The female apparatus does not have enough lubrication and therefore there is pain and burning.
It is very common that during sexual intercourse there is a sensation of itching, tenderness, irritation and inflammation in the vagina.
The causes can be of organic, physical or psychological origin.
Generally, organic causes are responsible for Vaginal Dryness.
Low estrogen level
Vaginal discharge changes during the menstrual period, in terms of quantity and consistency.
Estrogens are produced when the ovum goes to maturation stage. When it is not yet released the vagina lubricates, but menstruation decreases the amount .
Pregnancy and lactation
When a woman is in the stage of pregnancy or lactation there is a hormonal imbalance and therefore the amount of estrogen produced is altered.
Particularly in the case of lactation women secrete prolactin. This hormone favors the production of milk, but decreases the estrogens .
When the menstruation returns the levels are balanced and the vagina lubricates naturally.
With age the vagina reduces the number of eggs and thus the production of estrogens.
The walls become thinner and lose elasticity which causes alterations in pH levels. The glands contract frequently, which reduces lubrication.
It is very likely that the woman has a sensation of weight, pressure in the vagina, itching or burning in the area.
Inflammation of vaginal tissues
In many cases, vaginal dryness is a symptom caused by an infection.
There are certain products, medications, diseases and hygiene habits that increase the risk:
- The intrauterine device (IUD) can generate inflammation in the vaginal walls.
- The diaphragm is often too large and causes vaginitis.
- Spermicides or latex cause irritation in the vaginal area.
- Vaginal infections such as Candida or vaginitis cause vaginal irritation and dryness.
Drugs that can cause dryness include:
- Birth control pills or ovarian drugs
- Gastrointestinal Treatments
- Antihistamines for allergies or colds
People with diabetes experience dry skin in general, as they have a deficiency of glucose in the blood.
On the one hand there is little response to a sexual stimulus but, in addition, the blood vessels rupture and prevent the vagina segregate the amount of adequate flow.
The meaning of carrying out a proper hygiene routine is not synonymous with abusing cleaning products.
Sometimes vaginal dryness may be due to overuse of vaginal soaps , lotions, gels and deodorants.
When the body is facing stressful situations there is an increase of cortisol in the blood, which causes irregularities in the secretion of sex hormones.
Thus, it interferes with vaginal hydration.
There are women who have emotional problems when having sex.
They are afraid or disinterested for the act, so the signal is sent to the nervous system and therefore there is no stimulus , ie, vaginal lubrication.
- Water and mild soap are sufficient for vaginal lavage.
- There are external and internal over-the-counter lubricants that can improve the problem.
- Moderate consumption of alcohol and tobacco.
- Drink at least 2 liters of water a day.
- Perform physical activity.
- Soy-rich foods contain isoflavones that have estrogen-like effects.
In spite of the options that exist to counteract the lack of lubrication in the vagina it is very important to go to the gynecologist to indicate the appropriate treatment according to your profile.