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Dividend Payout Ratio Formula | Calculator (with Excel Template)

dividend pay-out ratio

Flow of the article

  • Formula
  • Calculator
  • Template

Dividend Payout Ratio Formula

When a company makes profit at the end of the year, they may share a portion of their profits with the stockholders. We call it dividend. By using Dividend Payout Ratio formula, we find out the percentage of dividend paid to the shareholders out of the net profit for the year.

Here’s the dividend Payout Ratio Formula

dividend pay-out ratio formula

Explanation of Dividend Payout Ratio Formula

For a company, sharing the profit is an after-thought. First, they decide how much they will reinvest into the company so that the business can grow bigger and the business can multiply the shareholders’ money instead of just sharing it. That’s why dividend Payout Ratio formula is important.

It tells us how much a company is paying dividend to the shareholders. And also how much the company is reinvesting into itself which we call “retained earnings”.

Sometimes, a company doesn’t pay anything to the shareholders because they feel the need to reinvest the profits of the company so that the company can grow faster.

Since the net profits of the company are only used for two purposes, we can conclude that –

formula for dividend pay-out ratio

If anyone of the above is nil (among retained earnings and dividend payments), the entire profit is distributed or invested in the other.

Colgate vs Amazon Dividend payout ratio

As we note from above, Colgate Dividend Ratio was 61.78% in 2016-17. However, Amazon, Google, and Berkshire Hathway haven’t paid a penny to the shareholders via Dividends.

If an investor looks at the income statement of the company, she would be able to find the net income for the year. And in balance sheet, retain earnings would be found. If you need to know how the company has calculated the retained earnings and also dividends, you can check the footnotes under the financial statements.

Use of Dividend Payout Ratio Formula

Understanding the equation between retained earnings and dividend payments will help an investor comprehend the short term and the long term goal of a company.

Since many companies also pay 100% dividend, we can also use an alternative formula for calculating dividend payout ratio.

Here’s the alternative formula –

dividend pay-out ratio alternative formula

Retention ratio is the percentage of profits the company keeps for reinvestment.

Looking at the past dividend payout ratio formula, the investors get ensured about how much they may receive in near future.

Example of Dividend Payout Ratio Formula

Let’s look at a practical example of dividend ratio calculation.

Danny Inc. has been in the business for last few years. Recently it started paying its shareholders dividends. It has paid dividends of $140,000 to the shareholders. The net income of Danny Inc. was $420,000 in the last year. Danny Inc. decided to keep retained earnings as 66.67%. Using two methods, find out the dividend ratio of Danny Inc. in the last year.

As mentioned in the example, we will use two methods to calculate dividend payout ratio.

First, we will use the first ratio.

  • We know that the dividends paid in the last year were $140,000. And the net profit was $420,000.
  • Using the first ratio of dividend payout formula, we get –
  • Dividend ratio = Dividends / Net Income = $140,000 / $420,000 = 1/3 = 33.33%.

Now, we will use the second ratio.

We know that 66.67% was kept as retained earnings.

  • That means the retention ratio is 66.67%.
  • Then, using the second method, we get –
  • Dividend payout ratio formula = 1 – Retention Ratio = 1 – 66.67% = 1 – 2/3 = 1/3 = 33.33%.

Apply Dividend Payout Ratio Calculation

Let’s look at a practical example to understand dividend ratio better –

Apple Dividends Payout Ratio

source: ycharts

Items 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Dividends ($ bn) 2.49 10.56 11.13 11.56 12.15
Net Income ($bn) 41.73 37.04 39.51 53.39 45.69
Dividends Payout Ratio 5.97% 28.51% 28.17% 21.65% 26.59%

Till 2011, Apple didn’t pay any dividend to its investors. Because they believed that if they would reinvest the earnings, they would be able to generate better returns for the investors which they did eventually.

Dividend Payout Ratio Calculator

You can use the following Dividend Payout Ratio Calculator

Net Income
Dividend Payout Ratio Formula =

Dividend Payout Ratio Formula =
Net Income
= 0

Dividend Payout Ratio in Excel (with excel template)

Let us now do the same example above in Excel.

This is very simple. You need to provide the two inputs of Dividends and Net Income.

You can easily calculate the ratio in the template provided.

First, we will use the first ratio.

dividend pay-out ratio (first ratio)

Now, we will use the second ratio.

dividend pay-out ratio in excel

You can download this Dividend Payout Ratio template here – Dividend Payout Ratio Excel Template

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to Dividend Payout Ratio Formula, practical examples and Dividend Payout ratio calculator along with excel templates. You may also have a look at these articles below to learn more about Financial Analysis –

  • Asset Turnover Ratio Calculator
  • Leverage Ratios – Debt/Equity
  • Negative Shareholders Equity
  • Treynor Ratio

The post Dividend Payout Ratio Formula | Calculator (with Excel Template) appeared first on Learn Investment Banking: Financial Modeling Training Online.

This post first appeared on Free Investment Banking Tutorials |WallStreetMojo, please read the originial post: here

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Dividend Payout Ratio Formula | Calculator (with Excel Template)


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