Boat batteries, also called marine batteries, are special kinds of batteries that are used to power boats and other marine vessels, especially those that do not have built-in power generators. They come in diverse shapes, sizes, makes, capacities, functionalities, and capacities
The best marine Battery for your boat is the Optima Batteries 8016-103 D34M BlueTop with a powerful 12 volt, 750 CCA specification that is perfect for bad weather.
Unlike car batteries, they store higher voltage and discharge huge amounts of electrical current for an extended period of time. They may also be used for both cranking and powering a vessel throughout the entire duration of use.
Best Marine Battery For Boats
|Best Boat Battery||CCA||Weight|
|Optima 8016-103 D34M||750||43.5 LBS|
|VMAXTANKS Vmax857||300||25 LBS|
|Odyssey 31M-PC2150ST-M||1150||78 LBS|
|Exide Edge FP-AGM24DP||775||50 LBS|
|Mighty Max ML35-12||N/A||23.5 LBS|
Finding a marine battery for your boat will need research but its important you find the one that is required. For example if the boat is going to be subject to cold weather, you will want to find a battery that is the best cold cranking amps boat battery.
Boat batteries really do vary in price quite drastically but if you intend on keeping the battery for years to come, its worth spending the extra. If you plan to sell your boat, the cheap boat batteries certainly do the job.
Regardless of your budget or requirements, below is a list of the best marine batteries for your boat that will be long lasting and power up regardless of the temperature.
Optima Batteries 8016-103 D34M BlueTop
Optima are a market leaders in marine batteries and the popularity of all their batteries prove how rated they are. The best way to describe the Optima battery is a Dual Purpose Starting and Deep Cycle Marine Battery.
In terms of specification, the 8016-103 D34M requires 12 volts and produces a high cranking power at 750 CCA with a 55 Ah C20 capacity. It is relatively light with a weight of 43.5 LBS and 10 inches x 6 7/8 inches x 7 13/16 inches tall.
Performance in poor weather is great with a reliable starting power as well as a reserve battery capacity of 120 minutes. Compared to other boat batteries, the Optima can withstand up to 15 times more vibration and 3 times more recharges.
This Optima Battery is the best boat trolling battery for use in marine application with lots of electrical components. Other competitors simply do not come close to this marine battery.Check it Out
VMAXTANKS Vmax857 Deep Cycle Battery
An alternative to the Optima battery is the VMAXTANKS VMax857, which is the best cheap trolling boat battery. At almost half the price, the VMax857 offers a vibration and shock resistant boat battery perfect for trolling.
VMax are known for their long lasting batteries throughout the product range and the VMax857 is no exception. It is a 12 volt AGM battery with a 35AH capacity and 300CCA that provides great value for money in terms of performance.
The dimensions are a length of 7.7 by width of 5 and height of 6.1 inches. Weighing at just 25 pounds, the VMax857 is highly portable for those who swap batteries over from boat to boat.Check it Out
Odyssey 31M-PC2150ST-M Marine Battery
The Odyssey 31M-PPC2150ST is a premium battery that is rated at the best cranking marine battery. At a whopping 1,150 CCA, it is by far the highest rated Cold Crank Amps and better yet, it is warranted at 3 and 4 year full replacement.
The estimated lifespan of the Odyssey boat battery is between 3 and 10 years of service with a longer cycle life than the majority of deep cycle batteries. You can achieve up to 400 cycles at 80% depth of discharge.
The 31M-PPC2150ST has also a 4-6 hour recharging time that is highly impressive. This marine battery can also be used in either weather extremes, such as -40 degrees to 180 degrees.
To produce the impressive performance, the Odyssey battery requires a large amount of lead. This results in a heavy gross weight at 78 LBS with the dimensions that are 11.1 x 16.8 x 11.9 in. If you are not on a budget as such and want the best boat battery, this is the one to go for.Check it Out
Exide Edge FP-AGM24 Battery
The Exide FP-AGM24 is a mid range boat battery that uses the AGM (Advanced Graphite Technology) for greater reliability and durability.
In terms of performance, the Exide boat battery has a rating of 775 for cold cranking amps with a 140 minutes reserve capacity at 25A. This battery is known for outperforming conventional batteries within heavy use and stop and go traffic with high electrical demands.
Relatively lightweight at 50 LBS and with the dimensions of 10.2×6.8×8.6 inches, this battery is fairly portable. The strong structuring also means that it can withstand heavy vibrations and knocks without any lasting damage to the battery.
Overall, the Exide is one of the best dual purpose batteries for boats and cars with hooks for both. It is also much cheaper than the other brands and still provides plenty of performance.Check it Out
Mighty Max Boat Battery ML35-12
If you are looking for an affordable boat battery that provides a reliable source of power, then the Might Max Boat Battery may be your best buy. It is a 12 volt 35aH deep cycle AGM battery that can be used for a wide variety of applications.
Thanks to a SLA-AGM design, this battery can be mounted in any position and is resistant to vibration and shocks. Due to its lightweight and small dimensions, this marine battery is a popular choice by many boat owners.
The battery is 7.68 x 5.16 x 7.13 inches and weighs just 23.5 LBS. This is very lightweight and portability is one of its main features. Another added bonus is that it comes with a years free warranty.Check it Out
Best Boat Battery Charger
In the unfortunate case that your battery is out of power in the middle of nowhere, its important that you have the best marine battery charger to hand. The NOCO Genius G3500 is the safest and most efficient battery charger for the job.
You are able to charge lead and lithium batteries up to 120aH at twice the speed of other boat battery chargers. It also has impressive features such as 7 different charge modes, diagnostics for broken batteries, recovery and Canbus capabilities.
There are many variations of this battery charger for your budget and personal preference. I highly rate this marine battery charger and it has saved me and my passengers on multiple occasions with no start problems.Check it Out
Boat Battery Buying Guide
Buying a boat battery is more complex than first thought because there are so many variables to consider. You will want to get the best boat battery for the money without spending hundreds of dollars. We have written an in depth buying guide to bring your boat battery knowledge up to date.
As has already been hinted out earlier, the marine/boat batteries may be used for two broad purposes namely: cranking an engine i.e. igniting an engine to begin operating, and powering the vessel throughout its journey or duration of use.
These batteries have the ability to discharge power of various ratings and voltages, a fact that determines to a great extent the kind of usage that they may be employed to. As a general rule, should the batteries be intended for cranking only, then the low rating type should be opted for.
However, should they be intended for both cranking and powering the vessels, then the deep cycle or dual purpose battery with higher current capacity/rating should be opted for.
The abbreviation CCA stands for Cold Cranking Amps (or Marine Cranking Amps for the case of marine batteries) and is basically a measure of the capability of an acid battery to support plenty of power within a short duration of time.
It basically shows how much of electrical power the battery’s lead acid may generate within a typical 30-second duration, at zero degrees Fahrenheit temperature, before the voltage ultimately drops to below the 7.2 Volts threshold (7.2 Volts is the minimum power of electrical energy that is needed to crank an engine).
For instance, a battery that has a 300 CCA rating is able to generate 300 Amperes of electrical current for a duration of 30 seconds and zero degrees Fahrenheit temperature, before eventually dropping to below 7.2 Volts. The choice of the most suitable boat battery on the basis of this consideration is mainly determined by the prevailing external temperatures.
If the boat is to be used in extremely cold temperatures, then a battery with an MCA rating of no less than 500 ought to be preferred.
Reserve Capacity Rating
Reserve capacity is a measure of the total length of time that a fully-charged battery may deliver 25 amperes of electrical current in an environment that is at least 80°F in temperature, before being discharged to 10.5 volts.
For instance, a battery with a reserve capacity rating of 150 minutes can last for two and a half hours while discharging a load of 25 Amperes. The battery with the higher reserve capacity is by all means preferable to those with low capacity for optimal performance.
Amp Hour Rating
This rating is mainly applicable to the trolling battery variety. It is basically a measure of the number of amperes that a battery can deliver in a duration of 20 hours. For example, a battery that has a 100 ampere-hour rating is theoretically able to deliver 5 Amperes of electrical current per hour for a total duration of 20 hours, other factors held constant.
However, due to the fact that some electrical current is usually lost by reason of the battery’s internal resistance, it is not guaranteed that the battery will fully deliver the electrical current that is stipulated in its rating. Consequently, it is strongly recommended that a higher rating than the one desired is to be generally selected.
Boat batteries come in various sizes designated as 27, 24, 6D, 31, 8D, and so on. The size of the battery box is the number one determinant of the size of the battery that is desirable for use.
It is therefore incumbent upon the prospective buyer to ascertain the size of his boat’s battery box in order to make a more informed decision. Ventilation is also a crucial concern. Therefore, the amount of space for ventilation is also to be factored in before settling on a suitable battery.
Boat batteries may be classified on the basis of the chemistry principles/mechanisms on which they operate and the roles they play in powering boats. These are explained in details hereunder:
According to the Mechanism of Operations
On the basis of the various chemistry principles/mechanisms on which they operate, boat batteries may be classified as follows:
- AGM (Absorbent Glass Mat) – It is a type of Lead-acid battery. It does not spill, may be mounted on numerous positions, is vibrant and shock-resistant, light in weight, more durable than the standard Lead-acid battery, and requires less maintenance. It is by far the most outstanding of the various types of boat batteries.
- Sealed Acid Battery – Also called the Valve-regulated Lead-acid Battery (VRLA battery), this battery is also mountable in any orientation, requires minimal maintenance, is very portable, and is also leak-proof. However, it is not as durable as the absorbent glass mat battery discussed above.
- Flooded Battery – It contains electrolyte in the form of a liquid. It is very susceptible to spillages and also sulfates if left unused for long. This battery also requires cumbersome regular maintenance schedules as opposed to the previous two.
- Gel Cell Battery – This is a special type of AGM battery whose electrolyte is in the form of a thick putty-like gel (that is composed of Silica dust) rather than solid. It is also long lasting and requires less maintenance. It is however not as powerful as the AGM batteries.
- Lithium Battery – In these batteries, Lithium is used as the anode. They are also lighter, safer, more reliable, and more compact than the ordinary batteries. They are thus more desirable than all the remaining battery types.
Note: The ideal boat battery under this consideration should be one that is as long-lasting as possible and also requires less maintenance.
On the basis of the kinds of roles the play in powering the vessels, they may be classified as follows:
- Cranking or starting marine battery – These are boat batteries that are designed and intended to start engines only. The do so by supplying more power but in the form of sudden outbursts. They basically comprise several Lead plates which are thinner and have more surface area than the deep cycle battery. As soon as they are done with cranking the engine, they automatically switch off and stay idle till the next time they are needed. Their power is then replenished by the alternator.
- Power or deep cycle marine battery – These batteries consist of fewer Lead plates but which are nevertheless thicker than those of the cranking varieties. They provide power at very slow rates but for an extended duration of time. The power that is generated by these batteries is strong enough to power multiple appliances and accessories at the same time.
- Dual purpose marine battery – A dual-purpose boat battery is one that may serve the double roles of cranking engines and providing power to the boat itself and other accessories at the same time. It is also called a hybrid battery. It suitable for use in boats whose battery space are quite small, and are thus incapable of accommodating several batteries at the same time. On the flipside, the power generated by these boats is not high enough and may not be able to withstand much deep cycling.
Note: The number of battery slots that are provided for by the boat manufacturer determines to a great extent the kind of battery to be acquired. Should numerous slots exist, then several different kinds of batteries may be bought to accrue the various advantages they have to offer.
Environment of Use
The typical marine setting may have very fluctuating environments indeed. Under some circumstances, the weather may be very rough, the sea may be very turbulent, and there could also be rain and storms.
These call for a battery that is tough enough to withstand all the various weather conditions and guarantee maximum reliability as well as optimal efficiency at all times. The ideal battery should, therefore, be waterproof, able to be inverted upside down or mountable in whichever position, possess thicker plates, and also be able to tolerate deeper cycles.
Batteries are primarily powered by stored chemicals whose potency diminishes with time. It, therefore, goes without saying that the date of manufacture of a battery has a significant bearing on whether it is suitable for use or not.
Consequently, only those batteries that are ‘still fresh’ i.e. those which were manufactured as recently as possible may be preferred over and above those that have stayed on the shelves for longer. The date of manufacture is often labeled on the battery itself.
Note: It is strongly advised that batteries that have a date of manufacture that exceeds six months at the time of purchase should not be opted for.
It is a measure of how heavy or how light a battery is at the time of purchase. It is expressed in pounds. Boat batteries are often moved in and out of the boat. This, therefore, means that the ideal boat battery should be as light and as portable as possible.
Generally, a battery that weighs somewhere between 20 pounds (9.1 kg) and 50 pounds (22.7 kg) is preferable.
Boats generally derive their motion power from motors that basically convert the stored electrical energy into motion. Other than that, the seas or oceans wherein the boats operate also experience storms, winds, and turbulence from time to time.
All these have the impact of shaking/vibrating a boat and thus compromise its functioning. These vibrations also have the ability to inflict damages to the various components of the boat batteries, a fact that may lead to far-reaching repercussions.
Examples of these repercussions include the dislocation of the inner cells, deterioration of the batteries, and the reduction of the batteries’ life expectancy. It, therefore, follows that the preferred battery ought to be resistant to vibrations.
For this to be guaranteed, the batteries have to be enclosed in very tough and durable seals that are able to absorb shocks and protect the interior of the batteries.
Boat batteries may accommodate and indeed be used alongside several other items, parts, and accessories such as battery box, battery trays, boat battery chargers, battery isolators, battery switches, additional terminals, and battery cleaners, among others.
Not all boat batteries are able to accommodate as many of these additional accessories and parts as possible. In order to ensure that as many of these accessories may be acquired and utilized, the boat battery so chosen should be one that is very versatile and is thus able to accommodate these and much more other accessories.
Price and Warranty
The ultimate decision as to whether a specific boat battery may be settled on or not largely depends on the financial endowment of the prospective buyer. However, other factors such as the cost of the specific boat battery and the accompanying warranty also have some role to play in the final decision.
It is therefore incumbent upon the prospective buyer of the boat battery to ascertain his financial endowment alongside other factors such as the actual cost of the preferred boat battery and the potential benefits he stands to derive out of the purchase of the said battery before making an ultimate decision.
Also, products that are accompanied by generous warranties should be preferred as do sellers that offer hot discounts and special offers. This is necessary to reduce to a considerable extent the financial burdens that are generally encountered in the course of making a purchase.
Voltage is the ‘pressure’ that is generated from an electrical circuit’s power source which ‘pushes’ the charged electrons (electric current) through a conduction loop thus enabling it to do some work.
Boat batteries are available in various voltage ratings such as 24 Volts, 18 Volts, and 12 Volts, respectively. There is a direct correlation between the voltage rating of a boat battery and the amount of electrical power/current it generates.
Therefore, a 24 Volt battery is preferable to a 12 Volt battery as it generates plenty of electrical currents and is also very reliable. It is also worth noting that different vessels may accommodate boat batteries of different voltage ratings, and as such, this also should be taken into consideration.
Preferred Position of Deployment
Different boats have different positions for the installation of the batteries. Some allow for the batteries to be fixed in the horizontal position, others in the vertical position, whereas others in diagonal positions.
It is necessary to factor this reality into consideration in order to forestall the attendant side effects of inappropriate installations such as leakages, wear and tear, and damages. Batteries like the AGM and the gel cell are more desirable since they are resistant to leakages and may thus be fixed/installed in whichever position.
The wet cell batteries on the other hand are very vulnerable to spillages and are thus quite risky. They may only be acquired in case the boats wherein they are to be fixed can only accommodate horizontal positions.
Some batteries require regular and tedious maintenance than others owing to their nature and construction. Some of the common maintenance tasks that the typical owner of boat batteries may carry out from time to time include: wiping the spillages, repairing dents, refilling the electrolytes, and replacing some worn out parts and components.
These maintenance tasks have some cost implications, consume some time, and may inconvenience the users of the boat batteries. Some batteries such as the wet cell type require expensive maintenance owing to their tendency to spill or leak on a regular basis.
However, others like the AGM and the gel cell are very durable and are less likely to require regular maintenance schedules. They are thus more desirable.
Ease of Installation
After acquiring a boat battery, the next daunting task is usually how to install it or fix it into the slot wherein it may discharge the roles of powering the vessels. Some batteries are availed in a pre-assembled form and are ready to go.
Others however, require some installed before eventual deployment. This calls for the mastery of some technical jargons or skills which the ordinary users may unfortunately not possess. Those batteries that are available in the ready-to-go form are thus more preferable to those that require some form of pre-assembly.
The field of the manufacture of boat batteries is awash with numerous players, each with its own niche or area of specialization. Brands matter in that some are famed for high quality, others are accompanied by generous manufacturer’s warranty, yet others still have excellent after-sales-services, customer care, and retail networks.
All these have a bearing on the kind of satisfaction a potential user may derive out of the acquisition and the subsequent use of any boat battery. As of the year 2017, the following are some of the top boat battery brands which may serve as the starting point for any search for the ideal boat battery: ACDelco, Exide, Lifeline, Optima’s, Power King, Rolls Batteries, Sonneschein,Superior Superflex, Trojan, US Battery, Interstate Batteries, Odyssey Marine Batteries, and VMAX Batteries, and indeed, more besides.
Safety and Security
Batteries generally comprise deadly chemicals that may pose grave dangers such as burns to humans whenever they are allowed to come into contact with the human skin. It is therefore necessary to ensure that the battery that is eventually selected is as safe as possible.
Some of the main components/parts of the typical battery that ought to be handled with care include the seals and the frame wherein the electrolytes are kept. The ideal boat battery should thus be enclosed in a very durable and tough frame and should also be sealed as tight as possible.
Should any part or component of the boat battery be broken or dented at the time of purchase, the battery should be returned to the seller immediately.
This refers to the agreeability of the size, technical sophistication, and functionality of the boat battery to the battery slot into which it is finally fixed for eventual use. Different boats, as has been stated above, have battery slots of different sizes.
This affects the size of the batteries that may be fixed into them. Moreover, some manufacturers may also impose additional technical constraints are regards the kinds of batteries that may be accommodated and used in their boats.
All these mean that, great care should be taken to see to it that the battery that is eventually settled on is not only able to fit into the allocated slot, but is also able to work harmoniously with the various other components of the boat’s power supply system.
Buying the Best Boat Battery Conclusion
Selecting a suitable boat battery is a very cumbersome and intricate undertaking indeed. That’s because, as may be deduced from the foregoing discussions, there are a lot of factors that ought to be considered.
Also, given the very delicate nature of the boat batteries, combined with the crucial roles they play/contributions they make to the seamless functioning of a boat, it is highly recommended that this task be carried out under the direct intervention, support, and involvement of a qualified expert. It is only in this way that any unnecessary hiccups or dangers may be avoided.
Further to that, some of the pieces of information provided for in the foregoing discussions are subject to change without any prior notice owing to the highly-dynamic, rapidly-evolving, and ever-changing nature of the field of boat batteries. Prospective buyers are thus advised to conduct thorough due diligence and research before embarking on a purchase.
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