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Catalan independence: Madrid moves to suspend the region's autonomy

Catalonia declares independence, puts it on hold
11 Oct 2017
  • On 11 October, the Catalan Parliament signed a declaration of independence in a session eagerly watched by the whole world.
  • Catalan President Carles Puigdemont said that the declaration will not be implemented for several weeks, allowing time for talks with the Spanish government, which has dismissed the independence declaration.
  • Madrid had been stepping up pressure on Catalonia after it recently held a disputed referendum.

  • Catalan independence: Madrid moves to suspend the region's autonomy
    20 Oct 2017
  • Catalonia declared independence from Spain in a recently held parliamentary session.
  • However, Madrid seems to be tightening its grip on Catalonia and has declared its intent to suspend the region's autonomy this week under Article 155 of the constitution.
  • Raising the stakes on its side, Catalan leaders stated that Spanish "repression" would push them towards implementing the independence declaration.
  • What's really at stake here?

  • Where is Catalonia?
    Catalonia is an area located in the north-east of Spain and is considered to be among its richest and most industrialized areas. With its capital in Barcelona, Catalonia has a distinct identity and language from Spain.

    Catalan referendum: What has happened so far?
  • Catalan leaders held a referendum in defiance of Madrid to ascertain whether its population backed independence from Spain.
  • 90% of 2.2 million voters, who amounted to 40% of Catalonia's population backed independence.
  • Madrid deployed its police forces to forcibly prevent voting. The crackdown left 900 people injured and significantly angered Catalans.
  • Numerous anti-Spain protests erupted afterward, with entities including FC Barcelona backing Catalan independence.

  • Catalan independence: What is Spain's position?
    Spain's stance
  • Madrid has slammed Catalan leaders for being "confrontational" and rejected their offer for dialogue.
  • PM Mariano Rajoy has now provided an ultimatum to Puigdemont to convey to Madrid a definitive answer on independence by local time 10:00.
  • "The Spanish government will continue with the procedures outlined in Article 155 of the Constitution to restore legality in Catalonia's self-government," the government said.

  • Article 155: What does it entail?
    Article 155
  • Article 155 empowers the government to take remedial measures when a "self-governing community" contravenes obligations under the constitution in a way that is "seriously prejudicial to Spain's general interest."
  • Under this provision, Madrid can essentially water down Catalonia's autonomy, transferring powers from the latter to the former.
  • The purported measures could range from conducting snap elections to taking over control of policing and finances.

  • What is at stake?
  • Madrid can only implement measures planned under Article 155 after the Senate approves of it.
  • However, both Spanish and Catalan leaders have to tread carefully as sentiments are running high and thousands are expected to take to the streets to vent out their frustration.
  • For Puigdemont, Article 155 would render the road to Catalan independence difficult as Madrid would likely take over his powers.

  • This post first appeared on NewsBytes: Latest News, Breaking News India, Today News, Current News, please read the originial post: here

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    Catalan independence: Madrid moves to suspend the region's autonomy


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