| The Coal Allocation Scam |
|The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) office, in March 2014, accused the Government of inefficiently allocating coal blocks from 2004-2009.
The core of CAG's claim points out that despite of having the authority to allocate coal blocks by a process of competitive bidding, the Government chose not to.
Due to this, Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs) and private firms paid lesser than usual.
| Massive profits accrued |
|Estimates of the "windfall" gain that the PSEs and private firms secured, were placed at ₹10,673 billion by CAG in its draft report. The final report, which was tabled in the Parliament, placed the figure at ₹1,856 billion.|
| Who is Ranjit Sinha? |
|Ranjit Sinha, former director of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), was an IPS Officer of the 1974 batch.
Before taking up directorship of the CBI, he was Director General Police of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police and Director General of the Railway Protection Force.
Ranjit Sinha has been a part of several national and international investigations of significance.
| Allegations against Sinha |
|Advocate Prashant Bhushan, petitioning on behalf of the NGO Common Cause, handed to the court a visitor's logbook, obtained by a whistle blower, alleging that Ranjit Sinha held meetings at his residence with those under investigation in the coal block allocation case.|
| Ranjit Singh blamed by SC for abuse of power |
14 May 2015
|The Supreme Court stated that it was inappropriate for Ranjit Sinha to hold meetings at his home with persons currently being investigated by the CBI in the coal block allocation scam.
According to the SC, as an abuse of power, this demanded a probe into his involvement in influencing the investigation.
Assistance from the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) was sought for the same.
| What the Special Bench had to say |
|"There is no justification for him to meet any accused person in a criminal case where investigation is underway, without the investigating officer being present, whether it is in his office or at his residence, that too several times including late at night."|
| SIT submits report on Ranjit Sinha |
08 Apr 2016
|The Special Investigation Team (SIT), appointed by the Supreme Court to probe whether Ranjit Sinha influenced the coal scam investigation, submitted a 205-page report to Attorney General Mukul Rohtagi.
According to judges Madan B. Lokur, Kurian Joseph and A.K Sikri, it was the court's decision if the report could be made public.
Former CBI Special Director, M.L. Sharma, headed the SIT.
| Ex-CBI chief Ranjit Sinha censured by Supreme Court |
13 Jul 2016
|Former Special Director of the CBI, M.L. Sharma, headed a Supreme Court-appointed committee that deduced that the entry-book of Ranjit Sinha's residence is genuine.
This conclusion gives impetus to claims of Mr. Sinha meeting those accused in the coal block allocation "to scuttle inquiries, investigations and prosecutions."
The Supreme Court also admonished the CBI for its slow pace of the Coal Scam investigation.
| Attorney General |
|Attorney General Mukul Rohtagi, with regards to the genuineness of the visitor's logbook said, "Unless there is evidence in court of law which says that the visitor's register is genuine, we may not be able to proceed in the matter."|
| SC orders probe against Ranjit Sinha |
23 Jan 2017
|The Supreme Court ordered a probe against former CBI chief Ranjit Sinha in the coal block allocation case.
The bench gave its verdict on the basis of a report submitted by a special judicial panel which suggested that prima facie Ranjit Sinha influenced the investigation of the scam.
The court hoped that the agency would conduct an impartial probe against its former boss.
| Former CBI director Sinha admits meeting coal-scam accused |
27 Jan 2017
|Former CBI director Ranjit Sinha admitted that he had met with people linked to the coal-scam at his residence. However, he clarified that he did not influence the probe in any way.
The petition has alleged that he had compromised probes by the agency into the coal block allocation scam.
Sinha has refused to comment on the matter.