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North Korea to test launch of ICBM

About North Korea and its nuclear programs
Introduction
  • For over decades now, North Korea has been the most secretive country; its nuclear weapons program has its roots in the 1950s.
  • It is believed that the country possesses over 1,000 missiles of different capabilities, including long-range ones that could strike the US.
  • The country's nuclear program progressed over decades; from tactical artillery rockets during the 1960-70s to the present day's nuclear warheads.

  • North Korea joined the NPT in 1985
    NPT
  • The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty came into force in 1970.
  • Its objective is to avoid the spread of nuclear weapons technology, encourage peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and achieve nuclear disarmament.
  • North Korea joined the NPT in 1985; the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) charged N-Korea of violating the treaty in 1993.
  • Amid suspicions that it was developing nuclear weapons, N-Korea threatened to quit NPT.

  • N-Korea was violating the NPT
    2002-06
  • In 2002, the US revealed N-Korea was violating the treaty and operating a secret nuclear program; while N-Korea expelled IAEA inspectors.
  • In 2003, after quitting the NPT, N-Korea reactivated its nuclear facilities; it tested missiles and declared that it possessed nuclear weapons.
  • After the failure of talks between N-Korea, S-Korea, US, China, and Japan during 2003-06, N-Korea tested its first nuclear weapon in 2006.

  • Nuclear weapon tests in North Korea
    2006-13
  • In October 2006, North Korea announced it had conducted its first nuclear weapon test with a yield of 1 kilotonne.
  • In May 2009, a second nuclear device with a yield of 5 kilotonnes was detonated.
  • In February 2013, the third nuclear test with a yield of 6-7 kilotonnes was conducted.
  • The tests invited harsh condemnation and international sanctions that aimed to cripple N-Korea's economy.

  • North Korea claims successful thermonuclear detonation
    Hydrogen Bomb
  • On 6 Jan'16, North Korea detonated a nuclear weapon of unknown yield, which was claimed by the country as a hydrogen bomb.
  • N-Korean state media reported the test conducted near Punggye-Ri nuclear facility was successful.
  • The European-Mediterranean Seismological Center said the epicenter of the detonation was 2km underground.
  • The nuclear weapon test caused a seismic yield of 5.1, according to the US Geological Survey.

  • What is a thermonuclear weapon?
    FACT
    A thermonuclear weapon/hydrogen bomb produces a fusion reaction where colliding nuclei form new nuclei. These weapons generate explosions that are several times more powerful than atomic bombs.

    Japan and South Korea - North Korea's targets?
    Japan, South Korea
  • North Korea-Japan dispute is due to several reasons like Japan's rule over Korea till 1945, N-Korean nuclear facility inspections, etc.
  • Despite few attempts, ties between North and South Korea haven't improved after the Korean War (1950-53).
  • N-Korea launched two missiles into the sea between Japan and S-Korea in 2003; and a short-range missile into 'Sea of Japan' ahead of an NPT meeting in 2005.

  • North Korea successfully conducts fifth nuclear weapon test
    10 Sep 2016
  • North Korea has - in continued defiance of the United Nations' resolutions - conducted its fifth nuclear weapon test.
  • A 5.3-magnitude tremor was detected near the nuclear weapon test area.
  • South Korea said the yield of the explosion could be ten kilotonnes while other expert findings suggested it was over 20 kilotonnes.
  • It could be N-Korea's biggest-ever nuclear test indicating the country's nuclear advancement.

  • US warns the North of serious consequences
    FACT
    World leaders, including US President Barack Obama and S-Korean President Park Geun-Hye, expressed anger. Japan adamantly protested while China opposed the nuclear test; the US warned N-Korea of "serious consequences" including additional sanctions.

    Sanctions to follow N. Korea's latest nuclear test
    11 Sep 2016
  • US Special Envoy to North Korea, Sung Kim stated that the US, Japan and South Korea were considering imposing unilateral sanctions against North Korea after its latest nuclear test.
  • These sanctions will be in addition to UN Security council sanctions that are to be imposed shortly.
  • The North however, defended the tests saying is was to protect North Korean interests against US blackmail.

  • N.Korea has enough uranium for 6 nukes a year
    15 Sep 2016
  • Experts have assessed that North Korea has ramped up its uranium enrichment capabilities, and will have enough fissile material for 20 nuclear bombs by year's end.
  • Siegfried Hecker, an expert on North Korea's nuclear capabilities said the expanded enrichment capabilities can produce 6 additional bombs every year.
  • A study published by the Johns Hopkins University said Pyongyang is producing 150kg of highly-enriched uranium annually.

  • North Korea to test launch of ICBM
    02 Jan 2017
  • North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un said that his country was close to testing the launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile.
  • In a televised New Year's Day speech, Kim said, "Research and development of arms equipment is actively progressing and ICBM rocket test launch preparation is in its last stage."
  • North Korea has been under UN sanctions for nuclear and ballistic missile tests since 2006.



  • This post first appeared on NewsBytes: Latest News, Breaking News India, Today News, Current News, please read the originial post: here

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