This article discusses the Climate classification with respect to agriculture sector. Mainly 4 classes exists on this basis. These are as follows:-
- Tropical Climate
- Temperate Climate
- Sub-Tropical Climate
- Polar Climate
Details of these are presented below. This article further highlights factors that affect climate.
Classification of Climate with Respect to Agriculture
It is a type of climate, where average monthly temperature changes little during the year and lengthy of the day changes only slightly at different times of years. The climate is severe in nature due to intense heat of sun and bears very high rainfall, cloudy weather and high humidity. Soil is rich and fertile due to presence of more organic matter. Bacterial activities are high.
Temperate climate is characterized by warm summer with long days and cool winter with short days and long nights. It bears moderate temperature and enough rainfall. Frost and snow may occur. There are heavy rains on the coast side and comparatively low towards interior.
It is between tropical and temperature climate.
This climate is found on both poles of the earth. Highest temperature does not exceed 50oF. it remains very severe cold all the year. Foggy and snowy weather prevails always.
Factors that Affect Climate
Altitude (Height from sea level)
In elevated region air is thinner and does not receive much heat as there less dust particles to intercept sunrays and thus climate poor. Murree is cooler than Faisalabad.
Latitude (Southern and Northern distances from equator)
Place nearly equator are always hot as the Sun Rays Fall perpendicular during the year. Places which are away from the equator are colder e.g. Indo-Pak is warmer than China and China is warmer than Japan.
Position and Direction of Mountains
The interception of warm and moist winds by high mountains that causes heavy rain falls on one side while in other side may remain dry.
They affect climate by causing more humidity and rainfall.
Slope of the Land
If slope of a land is towards sun the climate of that place will be warm because the sun rays fall perpendicular. When the sun rays fall parallel, climate is cool.
Moist winds cause rain and make the atmosphere cool.
Countries receiving more rainfall have moist and cool climate whereas countries receiving low or no rainfall possesses dry and hot climate.
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