» Child Passenger Safety
- Do restrain your child appropriately for his or her age, weight and height.
- Do follow directions that come with the child safety seat, as well as the child passenger restraint directions in your vehicle’s owner’s manual.
- Don’t put your child in the front seat. Children 12 and under should sit in the back seat appropriately restrained.
- Don’t place a child in front of an active airbag because they are made to protect adults, not children. Children 12 and under should ride in the back seat, away from air bags.
| Infants: Birth until at least 20 pounds AND at least 1 year old Use rear-facing infant seat or rear-facing convertible seat. |
| Toddlers: Over 20 pounds AND over 1 year old; Up to 40 pounds|
(Once rear-facing infant seat or rear-facing convertible seat is outgrown)
| Young Children: Over 40 pounds; Up to at least age 8, unless 4’9”|
(Once forward-facing car seat is outgrown)
| Older Children: Over age 8 or 4'9"|
(Once belt-positioning booster seat is outgrown)
Here there is a website we hope will answer some of your child Safety seat questions.
> National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
FACT: Motor vehicle crashes remain the leading cause of death for children between the ages of 2 to 14 years in the United States. In 2002, 227,000 children were injured and 1,543 children were killed in car crashes. (Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration)
"As a Level One Pediatric Trauma Center, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia sees tragedies resulting from motor vehicle crashes too often, an average of 250 trauma admissions each year. The Partners for Child Passenger Safety (PCPS) study is a scientific and systematic approach to turning this epidemic around," says Steven M. Altschuler, M.D., President and CEO of The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
The research conducted by PCPS seeks to determine how and why children are being killed or injured in motor vehicle crashes. The data collected and analyzed by PCPS researchers has direct implications for automotive and restraint design, public policy and parent education.
PCPS is a research collaboration of the largest auto insurer, State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company, and the nation's first children's hospital, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Since 1997, PCPS has created a database containing information on more than 223,000 crashes involving 336,000 children. It has become the largest source of data on children involved on motor vehicles crashes.
PCPS is the first academic-corporate partnership devoted to the safety of children in motor vehicles. The program's methodology is unique, combining in-depth telephone interviews, on-site crash investigations and computer crash simulations with interdisciplinary analysis and interpretation.
Findings from the study are published regularly in leading medical and engineering journals and presented at scientific conferences. The PCPS team conducts consistent outreach to the automotive and restraint community, policy makers and legislators, public health educators, and the media to improve safety for child occupants.
» Driver Behavior
Drinking and driving -- A deadly combination
Every 33 minutes, someone will die in an alcohol-related traffic accident. Although you probably think that it could never happen to you, experts say everyone has a 30-percent lifetime chance of being in a crash involving alcohol use.
According to Gallup surveys for Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), drunken driving is our No. 1 highway safety problem. Through education, increased law enforcement and stiffer penalties, the number of alcohol-related traffic accidents can be reduced.
What you can do to protect yourself and others The social drinker
If you drink, be responsible. When with a group, choose a designated driver. Having one person agree to drink only non-alcoholic beverages and provide transportation for other members of the group can save lives.
The good host
Here some things you can do as a host to ensure responsible drinking at a social function:
The encounter with the drunken driver
When you drive, you want to protect yourself and others you love. So, be alert and watch out for impaired drivers.
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, drivers under the influence of alcohol often display certain characteristics when on the road:
Stricter laws can help too
Because education and public awareness alone cannot stop drunken driving, stricter laws and enforcement are needed if there is to be significant progress in the ongoing battle against drunken driving.
Lowering the legal blood alcohol content (BAC) level from .10 to .08 percent in all states could go a long way toward reducing drunken driving. According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, a person's driving ability is already impaired at a mere .02 BAC. A person with a BAC level in the .05-.09 range is nine times more likely to have a crash than a person at zero BAC. Only 28 states and the District of Columbia have this tough standard.
In the continuing fight against drunken driving, the message is clear. If you drink, don't drive. If you're serving alcohol at a party, think safety. After all, while drinking may be considered fun, it isn't fun if you or someone you know gets hurt or dies.
What does the public say about drunken driving?
In Gallup surveys for MADD, public attitudes toward drunken driving were measured.
Cell phone use may dial up crashes
A new study, released in February 1997 by the New England Journal of Medicine, might have you putting some distance between yourself and drivers busy talking on their cell phones. University of Toronto researchers discovered:
According to the Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association (CTIA), there are 100 million wireless subscribers today, which is more than 36 percent of the United States population. While convenient, using cell phones while driving can be hazardous. The American Automobile Association offers these tips:
Police suggest calling 911 from your cellular phone only in true emergencies:
You must be prepared to provide:
Aggressive Driving: Asking for Trouble
An 86-year-old Washington, D.C., resident was hit by a car traveling 90 mph on a city street.
Aggressive driving facts
Aggressive driving: asking for trouble
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) says, about 66 percent of all traffic fatalities annually are caused by aggressive driving behaviors, such as passing on the right, running red lights and tailgating.
At least 20 percent of adults have hostility levels serious enough to be a health hazard. (Source: USA TODAY)
Aggressive driving incidents are defined as events in which an angry or impatient driver tries to kill or injure another driver after a traffic dispute. (Source: U.S. News & World Report)
Aggressive driving incidents have risen by 51 percent since 1990. And 37 percent of these incidents involved firearms. (Source: U.S. News & World Report)
The number of drivers on the road is increasing. As of 1990, 91 percent of people drove to work.
Commuters in one-third of the largest cities spent well over 40 hours a year in traffic jams. (Source: U.S. News & World Report)
Aggressive driving may be on the upswing, so remember not to panic and avoid confrontations when possible.