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GK - KNOW INDIA

Soft Skills is all about SMARTNESS which comes through Awareness & Humbleness.


Principal Languages of India

India has 22 languages which have been given the grade of National Languages–
• Assamese :
 It is an Indo-Aryan language and is the Official Language of Asom. 
• Bengali :
 It is one of the leading Indo-Aryan language and is the official language of Paschim Banga.
• Gujarati :
 It is an Indo-Aryan language and is the official language of Gujarat. 
• Hindi :
 The largest spoken Indo-Aryan language. 
– It is the official language of the Government of India.
 
– Various dialects of Hindi are Khadboli, Brajbhasha, Bundeli, Awadhi, Marwari, Maithili and Bhojpuri.
 
– In 6 States and UTs, Hindi is the official language.
 
• Kannada :
 It belongs to the Dravidian family and is the official language of Karnataka. 
• Kashmiri :
 It is an Indo-Aryan language. 
It is often mistaken as the official language of Jammu and Kashmir.
 
• Konkani :
 It is the official language of Goa and is spoken by thousands of Konkanis in aharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala. It was added in 1992 by 71st Amendment. 
• Malayalam :
 Belong to the Dravidian family and is the official language of Kerala. 
• Manipuri : It is the official language of Manipur. It was added in 1992 by 71st Amendment. 
• Marathi : It is an Indo-Aryan language and is the official language of Maharashtra. 
• Nepali : It is spoken in parts of UP, Bihar, Paschim Banga, Asom, etc. It was added in 1992 by 71st Amendment. 
• Oriya : It is an Indo-Aryan language and is the official language of Odisha. 
• Punjabi : It is an Indo-Aryan language and is the official language of Punjab. 
• Sanskrit : It is one of the earliest languages of the world. 
– Early Sanskrit is known as Vedic Sanskrit and covers the period between 2000 and 500 BC. 
• Sindhi : It is an Indo-Aryan language. It was added in 1967 by 21st Amendment. 
• Tamil : It is the oldest of the Dravidian languages and is the official language of Tamil Nadu. 
• Telegu : It is numerically the biggest of the Dravidian languages and is the official language of Andhra Pradesh. 
• Urdu : It is the official language of Jammu and Kashmir. 
Modern Urdu developed due to the efforts of Sir Sayyed Ahmed Khan (1817-1898). 
• Dogri : It is generally spoken in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu. It is a combination of ancient Sanskrit and Pahari Dogri languages. 
– It has been added by the 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003. 
• Maithili : It is chiefly spoken in the Maithilianchal region of Bihar. It is the second State language of Bihar. 
– It has been added by the 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003. 
• Santhali : It is chiefly spoken in the area of Chotanagpur Plateau in Jharkhand and Bihar. It has been added by the 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003. 
• Bodo : It is chiefly spoken in Asom and its adjoining North-East States. 
It has been added by the 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003.


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