In the present day time we frequently use web based apps for various tasks such as booking a cab for travelling, online shopping, pay online electricity and telephone bills etc. A Web App is an application that is accessed through network using http protocol, in which application does not exist on local system or device and usually runs inside a web browser. These types of applications may also be client-based, where small part of the app is downloaded to a user’s device, but processing is done over the internet on an external server.
Now the question arises if I want to host any web based application or website for my business, which platform shall I choose ‘Apache HTTPD Server’ or ‘IIS (Internet Information Services). In this article I am going to explain the features of both platforms Apache as well as IIS, so that it can help in which scenario which one is preferred platform.
Apache HTTP Server is developed by Apache Software Foundation as an Open Source program that can be distributed freely and its underlying code can be modified to further improve the program. Not only this, there is community driven Support available for Apache. Participating in this community is usually the best and fastest way to get answers to your questions and problems. You can run Apache on majority of popular operating Systems; Windows as well as Linux but most frequently it is used with Linux based operating system.
Apache is the leader in the industry having lion share in the market. As per the recent Feb -2017 survey by Netcraft “Apache’s 2.7 million computers still give it the lion’s share of the market (44.1%). This is followed by Microsoft’s 1.5 million computers (24.7%), and nginx’s 1.2 million (19.2%).”
One of the main feature of Apache is, it is modular and supporting various modules that extends the features supported by this software. Apache supports various authentication modules such as mod_access, mod_auth, mod_digest etc. It also supports Secure Socket Layer and Transport Layer Security through mod_ssl module. Apache supports Perl, Python, Tcl and PHP programming but is not suitable for .NET Framework and ASPX. One of the popular combination of Apache is integration with Open Source database MySQL along with which PHP programming popularly known as LAMP(Linux,Apache,MySQL,PHP) Web Server Solution.
IIS (Internet Information Services)
Internet Information Services is a web server that primarily runs on Windows Operating System and not on any other Operating System. IIS is a closed source product and commercial support is available on it provided by Microsoft. There are various releases of IIS starting from IIS 1.0 released on Windows NT 3.51 platform to latest version IIS 10 available in Windows server 2016 and Windows 10. There have been revolutionary changes in IIS 7.0 that was released with Windows Vista and Server 2008. IIS 7.0 has a modular design aiming at reduced surface attack and increased performance.
IIS is fully compatible with web apps developed on .NET framework and ASPX and also supports other programming language such as PHP. Performance of IIS is low compared with Apache. Microsoft also offers a light weight version of IIS known as “IIS Express” available as free downloadable software that can be installed on Windows XP with service pack 3.
Summary: Both Apache and IIS are excellent platforms for hosting the web applications and web sites. If cost factor and performance are the major factors for web app or web site the preferred choice will be Apache and if enterprise level commercial support and web application is based on .Net Framework and ASP.net IIS will be preferred choice.
|1.||Support availability||Free Community based support||Paid Commercial support provided by Microsoft|
|2.||Supported Platform||Linux, Unix, Mac and Windows||Runs only on Windows|
|3.||Cost||Free ware||Comes along with Windows OS which is paid Operating System|
|4.||Type||Open Source and can be customized||Closed source cannot modify the source code|
|5.||Foot print in the market||Approximate 40% above||Approximate 30 %|
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