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Careers in Cyber Security


Careers in Cyber Security – Introduction

Cyber Security is on-demand technology across the globe. It promises to buy us safety and security for our data, devices, network, and programs from digital attacks. Since the world has moved to a digital era where every business no matter big or small strives to mark its online presence. The advancement has a downside which makes their data easily prone to cyber threats if not controlled or monitored properly. Just like every coin has two faces, technology can prove to be either of boon or bane for the community depending upon its usage.

Practicing Cyber Security is becoming a challenge as there are more devices than humans. The phishers or attackers are getting smarter with advancement in technology. This has made the situation more severe. Let’s find out how this technology is shaping the world across us, the job opportunity it creates for the people, career in Cyber Security, salary expectations, career growth, and related facts.

Education required for Careers in Cyber Security

Cyber Security is a serious business because things are changing very quickly. Any concepts or learnings that are learned cannot be used throughout the career as the technology changes with each passing day. There are huge opportunities in the field on Information Security, Internet Marketing, online commerce, and never the least Cyber Security, just to name them a few. With respect to Cyber Security, there are huge opportunities available as there are several degree programs and certification courses available in the market.

ISACA is an international professional association focused on IT governance. ISACA forecasted that there is 60% growth in this technology in 2018. The shortage of a qualified Cyber Security engineer is so severe that Forbes quoted “the fast-growing job with a huge skill gap – Cyber Security”.

These facts made us stand in front of a bigger question. How one can tap the immense career growth and make a career in Cyber Security?

The many paths to a career in Cyber Security.

A myriad of answers will be available if one gets to know how these Cyber Security experts have started their career. One thing for sure that these courses, degree programs, and certifications cannot hold you back but if access can be very helpful. Let’s have a look at the different education paths to a career in Cyber Security.

  • Mindset is prime which comes before any other medium. The reason is simply this field must excite you. Let us see the other kinds of behavioral needed for a successful career.
  1. Learning attitude throughout
  2. Must have a habit of seeing the other side of any scenario. This will improve your thinking perspective

These behaviors are very crucial as the technology will come and go but these behaviors mindset may last long.

  • Undergraduate Degree – There are several undergraduate’s degree programs available worldwide. The challenge is not in their presence but in their availability. They are very hardly available to the masses. Talking of India, one can also look for normal B. Tech/B.C.A degree programs which will serve you better as these are technology related streams.
  • Certification – The value of certification is always a debated context. These can be helpful but there are certain criteria on which these certifications struggle. Yes, these certifications are not hands on (to the extent they must be). These certifications are available in the market but do a complete analysis before you opt.
  1. CISSP – Certified Info. System Security Professional
  2. CISA – Certified Information System Auditor
  3. CISM – Certified Information Security Manager
  4. GSEC – Essential Certifications
  5. CRIC – Certified in Risk and Information System Control
  6. CEH – Certified Ethical Hacker
  7. ESCA – EC- Council Certified Security Analyst
  8. GPEN – GIAC Penetration Tester
  9. CompTIA Security
  10. SSCP – System Security Certified Practitioner
  • Experience – This is most valuable and hard to get. Hands-On experience is the main ingredient before you call yourself as a cybersecurity expert.

Refer this link for international colleges – Cybersecurity colleges

Refer this link for national colleges proving the cybersecurity courses – Indian Cybersecurity colleges

Career Path in Cyber Security

  1. Entry-level:

  • Cyber Security specialist/ Technician
  • Cybercrime Analyst/ Investigator
  • Incident Analyst/ Responder
  • IT Auditor
  1. Mid-level:

  • Cyber Security Analyst
  • Cyber Security Consultants
  • Penetration & Vulnerability Tester
  1. Advanced-level:

  • Cyber Security Manager/ Administrator
  • Cyber Security Engineer
  • Cyber Security Architect

Once you are done with the education and lucky to win an interview, you will get the above-mentioned roles and position. One thing to note the work in all the organizations will be the same but the roles this company offers to the individuals are bit different. To better explain my words, I would like to give a practical scenario of how things work. Maybe a company will offer Auditor or Analyst position to any newcomer irrespective of the job responsibility which is same.

Making a career in Cyber Security has vast potential and career growth in today’s world where companies are spending trillions of dollars to protect their sensitive data and avoid breaching. The reasons are

  • Unlimited GROWTH
  • Plenty VARIETY
  • Puzzle solving ABILITY
  • Job IMPACT

Jobs and Application Areas For Career In Cyber Security

Application areas where Cyber Security incident can be leveraged for better efficiency are listed below –

  • Network Monitoring
  • Host Monitoring
  • Behavioral Analysis
  • Threat Intelligence
  • Process Automation


Average Cyber Security salary $92, 781

Cyber Security pay by an employer – Stats Link

  • Booz, Allen, and Hamilton – $81,466
  • The MITRE corporation – $101,707
  • Raytheon Co. – $87,429
  • Northrop Grumman Corporation – $100,796
  • Lockheed Martin Corp – $101, 497

Cyber Security Engineer

Indian facts and stats regarding salary reports

  • The position for Product security engineer with 3-4 years of work experience in Bangalore is offered 3.20 lakhs
  • In Mumbai, the security engineer gets 60k monthly
  • Refer this link – Indian Facts and Stats

Looking the salary with the angle of the position offered – Refer this link

  1. Entry-level:

  • Cybersecurity specialist/ Technician – $75,000
  • Cybercrime Analyst/ Investigator – $85,000
  • Incident Analyst/ Responder – $99,000
  • IT Auditor – $86,000
  1. Mid-level:

  • Cybersecurity Analyst -$85,000
  • Cybersecurity Consultants – $100,000
  • Penetration & Vulnerability Tester – $102,000
  1. Advanced-level:

  • Cybersecurity Manager/ Administrator – $115,000
  • Cybersecurity Engineer – $108,000
  • Cybersecurity Architect – $129,000

Career Outlook

In one sentence the career outlook can be summed up – “there has never been the better time than this for the career in Cyber Security to invest”

A career in Cyber Security is filled with humongous roles with complex structure. Organizations like banks (prime), retailers, IT industry, government(prime) and any other industry rely completely on this technology. There was a great leap which has brought the entire humankind at the forefront, yes it was the advancement in mobile technology in the year of mid-2014. This great boom in mobile payment, social media and cloud computing has drawn the attention of criminals towards it.


The conclusions are mostly mashed up and lack clarity. This career in cyber security article does not face this issue as the above facts and evidence are speaking for itself. Let’s see some alarming facts and stats to end up this discussion.

Forbes said that there is a huge demand in cybersecurity jobs (starting from the year 2016 onwards). Refer the link

There is a hacker attack every 39 seconds. 43% of the cyber attacks target small business. The average cost of a data breach in the year 2020 will exceed $150 million. Refer the link

Cybercriminals are in the FBI’s most wanted list, Mobile malware on the rise. Refer the link

These stats are alarming and a good sign to invest in a career in Cyber Security. The more one knows the more one realizes that no organizations are safe when to comes to a data breach. Companies must pay attention to the importance of strong cybersecurity culture and a healthy sense of paranoia when the question is protecting sensitive data.

Recommended Article

This has been a guide to Careers in Cyber Security. Here we have discussed the Education, Career Path in Cyber Security, Jobs, Salary and Career Outlook in Cyber Security. You may also look at the following article to learn more

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  3. Careers in Database Administration
  4. Facts About Careers in PL/SQL

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Careers in Cyber Security


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