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Difference Between ASP.NET vs C#

ASP.NET is an open source framework for web applications development to generate dynamic content over web pages. This framework was developed by Microsoft. This framework supports different operating systems such as Windows, Mac OS, and Linux. This was licensed under Apache License 2.0 version. This was primarily written in .NET languages. This framework is also used to develop web services. ASP.NET was first released in the year 2002 named .NET framework and was later called as ASP.NET which was called Active Server Pages (ASP). ASP.NET Core was a successor to ASP.NET framework.

C# is pronounced as ‘C – Sharp’ which is an object-oriented, functional, imperative, declarative, strict type, generic and component-based programming language. C# was developed by Microsoft and was designed by Microsoft Corporation. It was developed in the year 2000 along with .NET’s initiative and was later standardized using ECMA-334 (Common body for maintaining programming or scripting language standards) standard. It was licensed under GPL (General Public License) License. The C# programming language was primarily developed based on the C++, Java Pascal, and few other object-oriented programming languages.

ASP.NET based web applications can be developed by using several existing tools such as Microsoft Visual Studio, Microsoft Visual Web Developer Express, Adobe Dreamweaver, MonoDevelop, SharpDevelop, Microsoft Sharepoint Designer, Microsoft Expression Web, Macromedia HomeSite which are both free and commercial licensing software which can be used based on the requirement. Even third-party frameworks like Spring.NET  also exist in Spring Framework for Java.

Head To Head Comparison Between ASP.NET vs C# (Infographics)

Below is the top 6 difference between ASP.NET and C#ASP.NET vs C# Infographics

Key Difference Between ASP.NET vs C#

Both ASP.NET vs C# are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major Difference Between ASP.NET and C#:

  1. ASP.NET was marketed and developed by Microsoft which is used to develop robust web applications in Microsoft Windows environment which is cross-platform whereas C# is mostly based on C and C++ programming languages which are generalized by ISO (International Standards Organization) and ECMA (European Computer Manufacturers Association) standards.
  2. ASP.NET works on top of HTTP layer which is a part of Microsoft .NET platform. whereas C# is a structured programming language which is used to produce some effective programs which support various platforms having important features.
  3. ASP.NET has different features like web forms model using HTTP protocols such as Page State, Session State etc. whereas C# has different features like Automatic Garbage Collection, Boolean Conditions, Assembly Versioning Properties and Events, Delegates and Events Management, Standard Library, Automatic Garbage Collection (GC), Indexers, Generics, Multithreading and Lambda Expressions.
  4. ASP.NET is the medium for these types of programming languages such as C# to provide APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) or libraries to ease the development process with readymade functionalities whereas C# is used to write different types of applications such as Web applications, Web services and Windows applications (Standalone apps).
  5. ASP.NET stores the page state and session across all the web pages throughout the session to store any session related data and can be session timed out based on the requirement of data to be made available for the application state or page state whereas C# can be used to write the implementation of handling the storage of session or state in the application.
  6. ASP.NET has a component model which forms the basic building block which forms the control over server-side components and server-side pages rendering to the user interface by rendering the content when the user requests through IIS (Internet Information Services) which is an extensible web server created by Microsoft to delegate the user requests whereas C# is used to manage the components of the .NET framework.
  7. ASP.NET has different types of components available out of which the most important are Windows Communication Foundation (WCF), Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF), Windows Workflow Foundation (WF), Metadata and Assemblies, Windows Forms, ASP.Net and ASP.Net AJAX, ADO.Net, Common Type System, Common Language Specification (CLS) etc., where C# will be used as client language to utilise these components.
  8. ASP.NET has an application lifecycle which is divided into different groups such as the Application Life Cycle and Page Life Cycle, in turn, these life cycles will have sub-processes or groups that follow some sort of standard to implement the application whereas C# will be used as a medium to implement these processes to run the application as per requirement.
  9. ASP.NET has different security features such as Authorization, Authentication, Confidentiality, Integrity which will be implemented using forms-based authentication in a .NET framework whereas C# has object-oriented features to encapsulate the required classes or methods or code block using the access modifiers to hide the implementation

ASP.NET vs C# Comparison Table

Below is the topmost comparison between ASP.NET vs C#

Basis Of Comparison Between ASP.NET vs C#



Design It was designed as a framework to be developed using C# It was designed as a programming language
Application This can be used to develop web applications using any CLS compliant language such as C#, VB.NET etc., It is programming language used to develop web applications along with ASP.NET
Use It is a library of code that can be used with C# C# is a CLS (Common Language Specification) compliant language
Standard It is developed by Microsoft It is developed and designed by Microsoft but later standardized by ECMA
License It is licensed under Apache 2.0 It is licensed under GPL (General Public License)
Operating System It supports Microsoft Windows, Linux, MacOS It supports mostly all types of major operating systems

Conclusion – ASP.NET vs C#

ASP.NET is a web application development framework used to develop web applications using different back-end programming languages like C# where C# is used as an object-oriented programming language to develop web application along with ASP.NET. ASP is Active Server Pages technology which is used above the .NET framework to develop web apps. Before developing ASP.NET, ASP.NET core was there which was initial version and was later upgraded with new functionalities.

In order to develop a web application, a programming language along with a framework is required to ease the development by importing required libraries from the framework. The features and functionalities will be made inbuilt in the framework like ASP.NET framework. Here both ASP.NET vs C# equally important and required for developing a web application in the modern world.

Recommended Article

This has a been a guide to the top difference between ASP.NET vs C#. Here we also discuss the ASP.NET vs C# key differences with infographics, and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following ASP.NET vs C# articles to learn more –

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  4. JavaScript vs C#
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