Bill Ford, executive chairman of Ford Motor and great-grandson of founder Henry Ford, feels he didn’t get buy-in for his ideas and has installed a new CEO who he hopes will carry out his vision.
Founding families who try to assert control of public companies generally want to maintain a long-term outlook, says Lloyd Shefsky, founder and co-director of the Center for Family Enterprises at Northwestern University’s Kellogg School of Management.
Families hope to sustain their businesses for generations to come, but Wall Street investors want quick returns, Shefsky says. When the goals of the investors and the family diverge too far, a power struggle can result.
Long-term strategy was cited as the reason for the leadership change at Ford, according to an article in the Wall Street Journal. Bill Ford has been touting the benefits of new technologies for 20 years, he told the Journal, but has lacked support within the company.
Ford was born in 1957, the year after the American automaker went public. The company’s dual-class share structure gives the family voting control.
Indeed, the pressure for short-term results has escalated in recent years. That’s kept many companies from even trying to go public.
Nordstrom is one company that’s reconsidering its public status. Six family members — representing the third and fourth generations — are exploring a plan to buy back the 70% of the company they don’t already own. They have formed an exploratory committee of independent board directors, which has hired financial advisers and legal counsel. The buyback could cost nearly $10 billion.
In a Securities and Exchange Commission filing, the Nordstrom family members wrote, “Because of the changing dynamics in the retail environment, the Group is evaluating whether the long-term interests of the Issuer are better served as a privately held company.”
Kathy Gersch, a former Nordstrom executive, says the Nordstrom family is aiming for more than just running a private company.
“They have always wanted to run this as a family business,” Gersch told MSNBC. A family takeover would not be a standard leveraged buyout, she said. “It’s really the family buying back their company. It allows for a level of alignment that you don’t get in a standard buyout.”
The moves by Ford and Nordstrom “are different degrees of the same approach,” says Shefsky.
“Ford went public with two different classes of stock. That showed the power [the family] had when they went public, that they were able to do that,” Shefsky notes. “Nordstrom didn’t do that, for whatever reason, and in any event, they aren’t satisfied with [being public] now.”
Source: Hall, April., August 25, 2017, https://www.familybusinessmagazine.com/family-business-control-ford-nordstrom