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Essay on NAM (Non Aligned Movement) - History and Evolution

History and Evolution of Non Aligned Movement

Overview
  • The origination of non-aligned movement. 
  • The primary objectives of NAM. 
  • World became 'multipolar' due to it. 
  • Significant transition in world politics. 
  • Relevance of NAM. 
  • Future of NAM for achieving its goal.
The non-Aligned Movement was formed during the Cold War, largely on the initiative of the then Yugoslavian President Josip Broz Tito. NAM originated as an organisation of the third world Countries which did not seek to formally align themselves with either the United States or the Soviet Union but wanted to remain independent or neutral. The United States, West European nations and their allies represented the first world countries. The primary of objectives of the non-aligned countries were to focus on national independence, the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states; opposition to apartheid; non-adherence to multilateral military pacts and the independence of non-aligned countries from great power or block influences and rivalries; the struggle against imperialism in all its forms and manifestations; the struggle against colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, foreign occupation and domination; disarmament; non-interference in the internal affairs of states and peaceful coexistence among all nations; rejection of the use of threat or use of force in international relations; the strengthening of the United Nations; the democratisation of international relations; socio-economic development and the restructuring of the international economic system; as well as international cooperation on an equal footing.
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Essay on NAM (Non Aligned Movement) - History and Evolution

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