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NIIT NETWORK ESSENTIALS [email protected] 8 ~ GNIIT HELP

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3. You are the Network Administrator at MNC Infocom. Your company has three departments: Sales, Marketing, and Management. All the departments have their routers located in the department space. You need to set up dynamic routing on all the routers so that they can communicate with each other. In addition, you have to configure the Routing Information Protocol (RIP) routing protocol on all the routers for this purpose. How will you perform the preceding task?

To implement dynamic routing for the computer, you need to perform the following tasks:
Configure the dynamic routing protocol.
Configure RIP on R1.
Configure RIP on R2.
Configure RIP on R3.




Task 1: Configuring the Dynamic Routing Protocol To configure the dynamic routing protocol, you need to perform the following steps: 1. Press the Windows key. The Start screen is displayed. 2. Type GNS3. 3. Right-click the GNS3 tile, and then select the Run as administrator option. The User Account Control dialog box is displayed. 4. Click the Yes button. The GNS3 window with the New Project dialog box is displayed. r Note If the Tips page message box is displaye4 click the OK button If the Internet Explorer window is displayed, close the window. 5. Click the Cancel button. 6. Click the Browse Routers icon in the left pane. 7. Drag and drop Router 6700 to the workspace three times. 8. Close the Routers pane. 9. Press and hold the Shift key, and click the Add a link (N) icon in the left pane, and then select the Manual option. 10. Click the RI icon, and then select f0/0. 11. Click the R2 icon, and then select f0/0. /Qv LINote This connects RI and R2 with a wine 12. Click the R2 icon, and then select f0/1. 13. Click the R3 icon, and then select f0/0. iciri \f1\bullet Note This connects R2 and R3 with a wire. 14. Click the Add a link (IN) icon in the left pane. 15. Click the Start/Resume all devices button on the toolbar. fat itdo' This initiates the three added routers. 16. Right-click the RI icon, and then select the Console option. The R1 console window is displayed. 17. Run the following commands in the RI console window to configure R1: a. Type enable, and then press the Enter Key. b. Type configure terminal, and then press the Enter key c. Type hostname Sales, and then press the Enter key. d. Type interface f0/0, and then press the Enter key. \par
e. Type ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0, and then press the Enter \par
f. Type no shutdown, and then press the Enter key. g. Type exit, and then press the Enter key 18. Click the Minimise button to minimise the R1 console window 19. Right-click the R2 icon, and select the Console option. The RI console window is displayed. 20. Run the following commands in the R2 console window to configure R2: a Type enable, and then press the Enter key. b. Type configure terminal, and then press the Enter key. c. Type hostname Marketing, and then press the Enter key. d. Type interface f0/0, and then press the Enter key. e. Type ip address 192.168.1.2 255.255.255.0, and then press the Enter key. f. Type no shutdown, and then press the Enter key. g. Type exit, and then press the Enter key It Type interface fon, and then press the Enter key i. Type ip address 101.100.99.98 255.255.255.0, and then press the Enter key. j. Type no shutdown, and then press the \par
Enter key. k Type exit, and then press the Enter key. 21. Click the Minimize button to minimise the R2 console window 22. Right-click the R3 icon, and then select the Console option. The R3 console window is displayed. 23. Run the following commands in the R3 console window to configure R3: a Type enable, and then press the Enter keY. It Type configure terminal, and then press the Enter key. c. Type hostname Management and then press the Enter key. d. Type interface f0/0, and then press the Enter key. e. Type ip address 101.100.99.97 255.255.255.0, and then press Enter. f Type no shutdown, and then press the Enter key. g. Type exit, and then press the Enter key. 24. Click the Minimize button to minimise the R3 console window 25. Click the computers icon on the taskbar, and then click the RI thumbnail to switch to the R1 console window. 26. Type do ping 101.100.99.97, and then press the Enter key. ,17 e_ Note The ping command does not work because RI only has the information of the networks connected to its interfaces. In case of RI, it is a 192.168.1.0/24 network on interface, ,JD/0. r17 Tip You need to co figure RI to understand the mutes to reach R3 automatically Thu should configure the a5momic routing protocol, RIP, to configure routing on all the routers. 27. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R1 console window. 28. Click the computers icon on the taskbar, and then click the R.3 thumbnail to switch to the R3 console window. 29. Type do ping 192.168.1.1, and press the Enter key. \par
ic79 _ "7 Note The ping command does not work here, because R3 do not have the route information of RI. 30. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R3 console window. 31. Click the computers icon on the taskbar, and then click the R2 thumbnail to switch to the R2 console window. 32. Type do ping 192.168.1.1, and then press the Enter key. 33. Type do ping 101.100.99.97, and then press the Enter key. \par
Tip R2 R2 have the information for both the routers \par
because it is in the middle and both the networks are connected to its interfaces. Routers by default have the information of the routes connected to their interfaces. You can ope the command on the routers to see from which routing Mformation the routers have to vend". the output before con figuring RIP. 34. Type do show ip mute, and then press the Enter key. zelLr Note This command shows you the route information the router currently has in its muting table. 35. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R2 console window. Task 2: Configuring RIP on R1 To configure RIP on R1, you need to perform the following steps: \par
1. Click the computers icon on the taskbar, and then click the RI thumbnail to switch to the RI console window 2. Run the following commands in the R1 console window to configure RIP: a. Type router rip, and then press the Enter key. b. Type version 2, and then press the Enter key. c. Type network 192.168.1.0, and then press the Enter key. d. Type exit, and then press the Enter key. 3. Click the Minimize button to minimize the RI console window. \par
Task 3: Configuring RIP on R2 To configure RIP on R2, you need to perform the following steps: 1. Click the computers icon on the taskbar, and then click the Rt thumbnail to switch to the R2 console window. 2. Run the following commands in the R2 console window to configure RIP: a. Type router rip, and then press the Enter key. b. Type version 2, and then press the Enter key. c. Type network 192.168.1.0, and then press the Enter key. d. Type network 101.100.99.0, and then press the Enter key. e. Type exit, and then press the Enter key. 3. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R2 console window. Task 4: Configuring RIP on R3 To configure RIP on R_3, you need to perform the following steps: 1. Click the computers icon on the taskbar, and then click the R3 thumbnail to switch to the R3 console window. 2. Run the following commands in the R3 console window to configure RIP: a. Type router rip, and then press the Enter key. b. Type version 2, and then press the Enter key. c. Type network 101.100.99.0, and then press the Enter key. d. Type exit, and then press the Enter key. e. Type do show ip route, and then press the Enter key. r4Note This displays that this muter have the route information ofRl. 3. Type do ping 192.168.1.1, and press the Enter key. Note You we able to successfully ping RI. 4. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R3 console window. 5. Click the computers icon on the taskbar, and then click the R1 thumbnail to switch to the R1 console window. 6. Type do show ip route, and then press the Enter key. rGrtiNote This shows that this router has the route information of R3. 7. Type do ping 101.100.99.97, and press the Enter \par
key. \par
8. Close all the open windows without saving any changes. 9. Shut down and revert the Image_Win8_CL1 virtual machine. \f0\par
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2. You are the Network Administrator at XYZ Systems. You have to configure the command line interface on the company's router so that the router can be configured and managed remotely from your computer. You need to set up the same on the company's core router. How will you perform the preceding task?

To configure Telnet on a router, you need to perform the following tasks:
Configure Telnet.
Creating a Telnet session on the router.


Task 1: Configuring Telnet To configure Telnet, you need to perform the following steln: 1. Press the Windows key. The Start screen is displayed. 2. Type GNS3. 3. Right-click the GNS3 tile, and then select the Run as administrator option. The User Account Control dialog box is displayed. 4. Click the Yes button. The GNS3 window with the New Project dialog box is displayed. 2 AP, Note If the Tips page message box is displayed click the OK button If the Internet Explorer window is displayed, close the window 5. Click the Cancel button. 6. Click the Browse Routers icon in the left pane. . Drag and drop Router c3700 to the workplace pane two times. 8. Close the Routers pane. 9. Press and hold the Shift key, and click the Add a link (N) icon in the left pane, and then select the Manual option. 10. Click the R1 icon in the workplace pane, and then select f0/1. 11. Click the R2 icon in the workplace pane, and then select f0/1. 12. Click the Add a link (N) icon in the left pane. 13. Click the Start/Resume all devices button on the toolbar. Note After the routers start working, the red buttons beside the routers turn green 14. Right-click the R1 icon, and then select the Console option. The R1 console window is displayed. 15. Type enable, and then press the Enter key. !Gra \f1\emdash Note This command enables the router. \par
16. Type configure terminal, and then press the Enter key. _ r Note This command corligures the router. 17. Type interface 10/1, and then press the Enter key. rri or Note This command is used to select the interface of the router 18. Type description internal network, and then press the Enter key. iC71Note Description command is used to give a small description of the Interface. 19. Type hostname LA-Router, and then press the Enter key. v sf_ Note , This command is used to change the name of the router 20. Type interface f0/1, and then press the Enter key. 21. Type ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0, and then press the Enter key. Note This command is used to provide the IP address to the interface. 22. Type no shutdown, and then press the Enter key. \par
st r E Note This command activates the interface. 23. Type exit, and then press the Enter key. 24. Type username admin password cisco, and then press the Enter key. ictri "'Note This command is used to provide the username and password for the telnet sessions. 25. Type line vty 0 4, and then press the Enter key. Note 1 N te The command is used to open a telnet session in router 26. Type login local, and then press the Enter key. 9 sr Note This command uses the login informationftom the local database of the router. LI. Type enable password cisco, and then press the Enter key. r Note This command is used to set up the password for the router 23. Type exit, and then press the Enter key. 29. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R1 console window. Task 2: Creating a Telnet Session on the Router To create a Telnet session on the router, you need to perform the following steps: 1. Right-click the R2 icon, and then select the Console option. The R2 console window is displayed. 2. Type enable, and then press the Enter key 3. Type configure terminal, and then press the Enter key. 4. Type interface f0/1, and then press the Enter key. 5. Type description internal network, and then press the Enter key. 6. Type hostname NY-Router, and then press the Enter key. 7. Type interface f0/1, and then press the Enter key. 8. Type ip address 192.168.1.2 255.255.255.0, and then press the Enter key. 9. Type no shutdown, and then press the Enter key. 10. Type exit, and then press the Enter key. 11. Type exit again, and then press the Enter key. 12. Type telnet 192.168.1.1 in the R2 console window, and then press the Enter key. 13. Type the usemame admin in the R2 console window, and then press the Enter key. 14. Type the password cisco in the R2 console window, and then press the Enter key. : \bullet Note Telnet is opened from the R2 router. The RI router is being accessed from the R2 muter. Note that the console prompt in the R2 console window has changed from NY-Router# to LA-Router>. 15. Click the computers icon in the taskbar, and then click the R1 thumbnail to switch to the R1 console \f0\par


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1. You are the Network Administrator at ABC-Solutions, which has its offices in Los Angeles. The company has set up two more offices in Texas and New York. You have been assigned the task to set up Frame Relay packet switching between all the offices so that users in these offices can communicate with each other. How will you perform the preceding task?

To configure packet switching in the three sites, you need to perform the following tasks:
Implement the Frame Relay packet switching technology.
Configure a Frame Relay connection between R1 and R2 and R1 and R3.
Configure a Frame Relay connection between R2 and R3.



Task 1: Implementing the Frame Relay Packet Switching Technology To implement the Frame Relay packet switching technology, you need to perform the following steps:
1. Ensure that the Start screen is displayed.
2. Type GNS3.
3. Right-click the GNS3 tile, and then select the Run as administrator option. The User Account Control dialog box is displayed.
4. Click the Yes button. The GNS3 window with the New Project dialog box is displayed.
5. Click the Cancel button.
6. Click the Browse Routers icon in the left pane.
7. Drag and drop Router c3700 to the center of the window three times and arrange them in a triangular sin
• e, as shown in the following figure.
S 410 Router Placement
8. Close the Routers pane.
9. Click the Browse Switches icon in the left pane.
10. Drag and drop Frame Relay switch to the center of the window inside the triangular shape formed by routers, as shown in the following figure.
a Frame Relay Switch Placement
11. Close the Switches pane.
12. Right-click FR1 in the workplace pane, and then select the Configure option.
13. Click FR1 in the left pane under Frame Relay switches.
14. Click the Add button in the FR1 node pane CoepIguration appears under the Mapping list
15. Change the existing value to 1 in the Port spin box in the Source section.
16. Click the Add button.
17. Click the Apply button.
18. Click the OK button.
19. Press and hold the Shift key, click the Add a link ail) icon in the left pane, and then select the Serial option. You will notice that a red cross mark appears beside the Add a link icon.
20. Click the R1 icon in the workplace pane.
21. Click the FRI ioon, and then select
22. Click the R2 icon.
23. Click the FR1 ioon and then select 10.
24. Click the R3 icon.
25. Click the FR1 icon, and then select 11.
26. Move the mouse pointer over the FR1 icon, and note down the Data Link Connection Identifier (DLCI) for all the ports.
• Port 1: - Incoming dlci 101 is switched to port 10.
• Port 10: - Incoming dlci 202 is switched to port 1.
• Port 11: - Incoming dlci 203 is switched to port 1.
27. Click the Add a !laic (IN) icon in the left pane to remove the red cross mark.
28. Click the Start/Resume all devices button on the toolbar at the top.
29. Right-click the R1 icon, and then select the Console option in the workplace pane. The R1 console window is displayed.
30. Run the following commands in the R1 console window:
a. Type enable, and then press the Enter
b. Type configure terminal, and then press the Enter key.
c. Type hostaame LA-Router, and then press the Enter key.
d. Type interface serial 0/0, and then press the Enter key.
e. Type ip address 101.100.99.98 255.255.255.0, and then press the Enter key.
f. Type no shutdown, and then press the Enter key.
31. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R1 console window
32. Right-click the R2 icon, and then select the Console option in the workplace pane. The R2 console window is displayed.
33. Run the following commands in the R2 console window:
a Type enable, and then press the Enter key.
b. Type configure terminal, and then press the Enter key.
c. Type hostname TX-Router, and then press the Enter key.
d. Type interface serial 0/0, and then press the Enter key.
e. Type ip address 101.100.99.97 255.255.255.0, and then press the Enter key.
£ Type no shutdown, and then press the Enter key.
34. Click the Minimize button to iraMmin the R2 console window
35. Right-click the R3 icon, and then select the Console option in the workplace pane. The R3 console window is displayed.
36. Run the following commands in the R3 console window:
a Type enable, and then press the Enter key-
b. Type configure terminal, and then press the Enter key.
c. Type hostname NY-Router, and then press the Enter key.
d. Type interface serial 0/0, and then press the Enter key.
e. Type ip address 101.100.99.96 255.255.255.0, and then press the Enter key.
f. Type no shutdown, and then press the Enter key.
37. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R3 console window
38. Click the computers icon on the taskbar, and then click the R1 thumbnail to switch to the RI console window
39. Type do ping 101.100.99.96, and then press the Enter key. Note Even though all the sites on connected together physically, the Frame Relay is not set up and the ping command fails on the routers.
40. Type do ping 101.100.99.97, and then press the Enter key. fQ/ Note The ping command fails again because Frcrme Relay is not set up.
41. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R1 console window.
42. Click the computers icon on the taskbar, and then click the R2 thumbnail to switch to the R2 console window
43. Type do ping 101.100.99.98, and then press the Enter key. rre ti Note The ping command fails again because Frcrme Relay is not set up.
44. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R2 console window
45. Click the computers icon on the taskbar, and then click the R3 thumbnail to switch to the R3 console window.
46. Type do ping 101.100.99.98, and then press the Enter key.
47. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R3 console window.

Task 2: Configuring a Frame Relay Connection Between R1 and R2 and R1 and R3 To configure a Frame Relay connection between R1 and R2 and RI and R3, you need to perform the following steps:
1. Switch to the RI console window.
2. Type interface serial 0/0, and then press the Enter key
3. Type encapsulation frame-relay, and then press the Enter key.
4. Type frame-relay map ip 101.100.99.97 101 broadcast, and then press the Enter key.
5. Type frame-relay map ip 101.100.99.96 102 broadcast, and then press the Enter key.
6. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R1 console window
7. Switch to the R2 console window
8. Type interface serial 0/0, and then press the Enter key.
9. Type encapsulation frame-relay, and then press the Enter key.
10. Type frame-relay map ip 101.100.99.98 202 broadcast, and then press the Enter key.
11. Click the Minimize button in the R2 console window.
12. Switch to the R3 console window.
13. Type interface serial 0/0, and then press the Enter key.
14. Type encapsulation frame-relay, and then press the Enter key.
15. Type frame-relay map ip 101.100.99.98 203 broadcast, and then press the Enter key.
16. Click the Minimize button to nlitlinthe the R3 console window.
17. Switch to the R1 console window
18. Type do ping 101.100.99.97, and then press the Enter key.
19. Type do ping 101.100.99.96, and then press the Enter key.
20. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R1 console window.

Task 3: Configuring a Frame Relay Connection Between R2 and R3 To configure a Frame Relay connection between R2 and R3, you need to perform the following steps:
1. Switch to the R2 console window
2. Type do ping 101.100.99.96, and then press the Enter keys Note The ping command fails again because Frame Relay is not set up.
3. Type interface serial 0/0, and then press the Enter key.
4. Type frame-relay map ip 101.100.99.96 202 broadcast, and then press the Enter key.
5. Click the Minimize button to minimize the 142 console window
6. Switch to the R3 console window
7. Type do ping 101.100.99.97, and then press the Enter key.
8. Type interface serial 0/0, and then press the Enter key.
9. Type frame-relay map ip 101.100.99.97 203 broadcast, and then press the Enter key.
10. Type do ping 101.100.99.97, and then press the Enter keys Note The ping command is successful because the NY-router has connectivity to the 2X-router.
11. Click the Minimize button to minimize the R3 console window
12. Switch to the R2 console window
13. Type do ping 101.100.99.96, and then press the Enter key.
14. Close all the open windows without sating any changes.


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NIIT NETWORK ESSENTIALS [email protected] 8 ~ GNIIT HELP

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