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Importance of eye check up in early childhood

Eye exam or check up in early childhood is very important as 25% of children are usually detected having eye sight problems.

Most children are unaware of the condition and may struggle during their school year due to these eye issues. Healthy eyes and Vision are a critical part of kids' development. Their eyes should be examined regularly, as many vision problems and eye diseases can be detected and treated early.

We should make eye checkup a routine for our kids at least once in a year from early child hood. 

Lets learn about eye care professionals as very few people are aware about their jobs.

Professionals in Eye Health field:
  • Ophthalmologists:   Eye M.D. medical doctors who provide comprehensive eye care with medicine and surgery. 
  • Pediatric ophthalmologists: doctors who have additional special training to treat kids' eye problems.
  • Optometristsprovide services that may be similar to ophthalmologists, but they don't perform surgery. Some optometrists specialize in kids' eye problems.
  • Opticians:Opticians are technicians trained to design, verify and fit eyeglass lenses and frames, contact lenses, and other devices to correct eyesight.

Eye Exams

Routine medical exams for kids' vision include:
  • Newborns should be checked for general eye health by a pediatrician or family physician in the hospital.
  • High-risk newborns (including premature infants), those with a family history of eye problems, and those with obvious eye irregularities should be examined by an eye doctor.
  • In the first year of life, all infants should be routinely screened for eye health during checkups with their pediatrician or family doctor.
  • Around age 3½, kids should have eye health screenings and visual acuity tests (tests that measure sharpness of vision) with their pediatrician or family doctor.
  • Around age 5, kids should have their vision and eye alignment checked by their pediatrician or family doctor. Those who fail either test should be examined by an eye doctor.
  • After age 5, routine screenings should be done at school and the primary doctor's office, and if symptoms such as squinting or frequent headaches occur. (Many times, a teacher will notice that a child isn't seeing well in class.)
  • Kids who wear prescription glasses or contacts should have annual checkups by an eye doctor to screen for vision changes.
How can a child be tested for glasses in early childhood?
An ophthalmologist can detect the need for glasses through a complete eye exam. Typically, the pupils are dilated in order to relax the focusing muscles, so that an accurate measurement can be obtained. By using a special instrument, called a retinoscope, your eye doctor can arrive at an accurate prescription. The ophthalmologist will then advise parents whether there is a need for glasses, or whether the condition can be monitored.

Tips for eye health for children using electronic devices:
  • Check the height of the device-
  • Computer screens should be four to five inches below eye level and 20 to 28 inches away from the eyes. 
  • Digital devices should be held a safe distance away from eyes and slightly below eye level. 
  • Check for glare on the screen 
  • Reducing the amount of lighting in the room to match the computer screen 
  • Adjust font size for easier reading Keep blinking.
Links: 
* Caring for your vision
* Pre school vision



This post first appeared on A Learner's Diary, please read the originial post: here

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Importance of eye check up in early childhood

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