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Rajput clans emerged and held their sway over different parts of Rajasthan from about 700 AD. Before that, Rajasthan was a part of several republics. It was a part of the Mauryan Empire. Other major republics that dominated this region include the Malavas, Arjunyas, Yaudhyas, Kushans, Saka Satraps, Guptas and Hunas. The Rajput clans ascendancy in Indian history was during the period from the eighth to the twelfth century AD. The Pratihars ruled Rajasthan and most of northern India during 750-1000 AD. Between 1000-1200 AD, Rajasthan witnessed the struggle for supremacy between Chalukyas, Parmars and Chauhans.
Around 1200 AD a part of Rajasthan came under Muslim rulers. The principal centers of their powers were Nagaur and Ajmer. Ranthanbhor was also under their suzerainty. At the beginning of the 13th century AD, the most prominent and powerful state of Rajasthan was Mewar.  
Rajasthan had never been united politically until its domination by Mughal Emperor - Akbar. Akbar created a unified province of Rajasthan. Mughal power started to decline after 1707. The political disintegration of Rajasthan was caused by the dismemberment of the Mughal Empire. The Marathas penetrated Rajasthan upon the decline of the Mughal Empire. In 1755 they occupied Ajmer. The beginning of the 19th Century was marked by the onslaught of the Pindaris.In 1817-18 the British Government concluded treaties of alliance with almost all the states of Rajputana. Thus began the British rule over Rajasthan, then called Rajputana.  
The erstwhile Rajputana comprised 19 princely states and two chiefships of Lava and Kushalgarh and a British administered territory of Ajmer-Merwara. Rajasthan State was heterogeneous conglomeration of separate political entities with different administrative systems prevailing in different places. The present State of Rajasthan was formed after a long process of integration which began on March 17, 1948 and ended on November 1, 1956. Before integration it was called Rajputana; after integration it came to be known as Rajasthan. At present there are 33 districts (including the new district of Pratapgarh) in the State.


Founded in AD 1727 by Sawai Jaisingh II, Jaipur the capital of Rajasthan is popularly known as the Pink City with broad avenues and spacious gardens. The capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is steeped in history and culture. Here the past comes alive in magnificent forts and palaces, blushed pink, where once lived the maharajas. The bustling bazaars of Jaipur, famous for Rajasthani jewellery, fabric and shoes, possess a timeless quality and are surely a treasure-trove for the shoppers. This fascinating city with its romantic charm takes you to an epoch of royalty and tradition.
Jaipur has been laid according to the conventional nine-grid pattern that astrologers believe to be lucky, and which has been recommended in the ancient Indian treatise on architecture. Each grid consists of a square, and these have been planned so that, at the heart of the city is the City Palace. Spread around it, in rows, are public buildings, the residences of noblemen, the living and trading quarters of merchants and artisans. Straight, wide roads run through the city, while a high, crenellated wall that forms its defense is pierced with seven gateways that serve as entry points. Today, these walls may be more difficult to spot since the city has grown far beyond its original plan, but they are still there, proof that though Jaipur saw no great siege, it was more than adequately prepared for it.

  • Attractions of JAIPUR:


The poet king Sawai Pratap Singh Built this palace of winds "HAWA MAHAL". This is  easily the most well-known landmarks of Jaipur and is also its icon. Located in the City Palace complex, it is best viewed from the road outside. This five-storey building overlooking the busy bazaar street is a fascinating example of Rajput architecture and artistry with its delicately honeycombed 953 pink sandstone windows known as 'jharokhas'. It was originally built for the ladies of the royal household to watch everyday life and processions in the city from their veiled comfort.Most people come here to get a view of the facade but they can also climb to the top for a wonderful view from the latticed windows. There is also a small archaeological Museum there. 


The brainchild of Sawai Jai Singh II (ruler of Jaipur from 1699-1743) no account of Jantar Mantar is complete without a thumbnail sketch of this remarkable man. Responsible for the design and execution of the city of Jaipur, Sawai Jai Singh was earmarked for greatness almost from birth.  The title "Sawai" means "one and a quarter," indicating intelligence and abilities superior to normal men. It was bestowed upon Jai Singh as a child by the Mughul emperor Aurangzeb, in recognition of the boy's quick wit. He certainly lived up to the name, and Jantar Mantar is an excellent example of Sawai Jai Singh II's genius. It is one of five such observatories constructed by him; another large one is found in Delhi, and supplementary observatories were built in Varanasi, Ujjain, and Maratha. The purpose of these observatories was to precisely fix the astrological dates that governed the life of the Hindu people,  who consulted the stars before undertaking any great event. In addition to being a great ruler and warrior, Sawai Jai Singh II was a learned astronomer who not only had the great European and Indian astronomical tracts translated, but who was sufficiently knowledgeable in the area to note discrepancies and inadequacies in the texts and tables and to correct them.
The basic premises behind Jantar Mantar are simple but ingenious. First, one way to reduce the inaccuracy of the instruments was to make them as large as humanly possible, while another way was to make instruments without moving parts, cutting down on a second source of errors. Finally, the observatory consists of a whole series of instruments which are interrelated, so that each may help calibrate and measure the accuracy of the others. In this manner, the measurements of the heavens do not remain dependent upon one primary instrument, from which all the rest take their bearings. It is a system designed to produce accurate measurements of the celestial spheres and their movement. Much has been made of the fact that Sawai Jai Singh II did not subscribe to the Copernican theory, continuing to believe that the sun revolved around the earth. The implication, of course, is that for all his sophistication, the ruler of Jaipur remained, at heart, a rather unenlightened soul. However, before arriving at such a judgment, critics would do well to consider the reason that Sawai Jai Singh II constructed this observatory. It was not to engage in the abstract science of astronomy, as it was practiced in the west, nor was it to pioneer advances in the field (although he certainly did succeed in doing so); rather, it was to more accurately gain the information needed for conducting the affairs of state, affairs of the heart, and to ascertain when the monsoons would come and when the crops may be planted. Jantar Mantar was designed to be the handmaiden, not of science, but of Hindu Cosmology.


City Palace is situated at the heart of Jaipur, laid in a grid pattern with wide avenues. The beautiful palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh in the 18th century but a lot of changes and additions were made to the original structure by his successors. The City Place is an unsullied blend of Rajasthani and Mughal architecture, occupying a large area segregated into a series of capacious courtyards, enthralling gardens and magnificent buildings. The area covered by the City Palace is around one seventh of total area of the Jaipur. The beautifully caved marble interiors, magnificent pillars, jali or lattice work and inlaid ornamentations make the palace a cherished tourist attraction. Jaleb Chowk and Tripolia Gate are the two main entrances to the City Palace Jaipur.
The palace, which was originally used for official purpose, today serves as a museum. The City Palace is divided into two parts- one houses Sawai Man Singh museum and other is still the residential palace of the former maharaja. The museum of Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II established in 1959, has an extensive collection of art, carpets, enamel wares and 15th century weapons. There are many palatial structures in the complex like the Chandra Mahal, Mubarak Mahal, Mukut Mahal, Maharani's Palace, Shri Govind Dev Temple and the City Palace Museum.The first chamber that one comes across when one enters from through the Birendra Pole from Tripolia Gate is the Mubarak Mahal(Auspicious Palace). The palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II with the main purpose of serving as a reception lounge for foreign dignitaries. This probably is the reason which explains why this palace was named Mubarak Mahal. The Mahal, now amended into a museum, houses a wide variety of textiles (such as the royal formal costumes, sanganeri block prints, embroidered shawls, Kashmiri pashminas and silk saris). A note worthy display here is of the set of voluminous clothes worn by Sawai Madhosingh I, who was 6 ½ feet tall, 1.2 metres (3.9 ft) wide and weighed 250 kilograms (550 lb). 
Initially, the museum was known as the Maharaja of Jaipur Museum, and it was only in 1970 that it was renamed as Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum. Today, a large number of tourists are attracted to the museum from all over the world. A grand door from the Mubarak Mahal leads to the ‘Diwan-i-khas’ or ‘Hall of Private Audience’ with a marble paved gallery. It is located between the armoury and the art gallery. On display are two huge sterling silver vessels made from 14000 melted silver coins without soldering. They are officially recorded by the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's largest sterling silver vessels. It is believed that Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II carried the holy water of the Ganges in the vessels on his trip to England as he was fastidious about committing religious sin by consuming the English water. Hence, the vessels are named Gangajelies (Ganga water holding urns).Across a paved square lies the 'Diwan-i-am' or the 'Hall Of Public Audience', with its intricate decorations and manuscripts in Persian and Sanskrit. Gaze at the beautifully painted ceiling, on which the original semi-precious stone colors have barely faded and from which are suspended an enormous crystal chandelier. This chamber, functioning now as an art gallery, has exhibits of exquisite miniature paintings (of Rajastahni, Mughal and Persian art), embroidered rugs, Kashmir shawls, carpets and ancient handwritten original manuscripts of Hindu scriptures ( Bhagavad Gita and other ancient pulp fiction). The gallery also has some brilliantly carved palanquins and elephant howdahs. Maharani's Palace, inside the complex of the City Palace, was originally the residence of the royal queens. The palace has now been converted into a museum, housing an awe-inspiring collection of weaponry dating back to the 15th century. All the weaponry is exquisite and very well preserved. The ceiling of this chamber has unique frescoes, which are preserved using jewel dust of semiprecious stones. The clandestine is a nice playground for colors, which change themselves a thousand times during the day. The display includes pistols, jeweled swords, guns and gun powder pouches, a belt swords, chain armors, small cannons, poison tipped blades, etc. However, the most impressive of them is the scissor-action dagger, which when thrust into an enemy’s body is said to disembowel the hapless victim. To the north-west is situated the graceful seven-storied ‘Chandra Mahal’ or the “Moon Palace’. Chandra Mahal is essentially regarded as the best part of the City Palace. Each floor in the building is known by a different name such as the Sukh-Niwas, Ranga-Mandir, Pitam-Niwas, Chabi-Niwas, Shri-Niwas and Mukut-Mandir or Mukut Mahal. Paintings, floral decorations, mirror walls and ceilings in the traditional style adorn the palace. At present, most of this palace is the residence of the descendents of the former rulers of Jaipur. Only the ground and the first floor form the Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum and are allowed for visitors, displaying carpets, manuscripts, weapons and other items that belonged to the royal family. A must see are the 14th century sandstone statues, ticked into a lovely leaf-filled niche via the passageway, which represents a league of musicians, each playing a different instrument. Chandra Mahal is set amidst well laid out gardens and a decorative lake in the foreground.
Very near to the Chandra Mahal are the Bada Mahal and the Jai Niwas Garden . In the Jai Niwas Garden stands the famous Shri Govindji temple , dedicated to the Hindu god Lord Krishna built in the early 18th century. The temple is adorned with European chandeliers and paintings of Indian art with ceiling ornamented in gold. The arathi (prayer offering) for the deity can be seen by devotees only for seven times during the day. The lane connecting the Bada Mahal with the Govindji temple is lined up with numerous fountains that contribute to enhance the overall beauty.


Albert hall / Central Museum consist of Indo saracenic type of architecture and is designed same as the Victoria and Albert museum which is located in London. The building and the assortment beholds the beauty of the sight along with the pillars. The courtyards and the arches of the museum are worth seeing. This Albert museum was created in the 19th century.

This museum amazingly houses 19,000 historic objects and has various collections like metal ware, ivory work, lacquer work, jewelry, textiles, pottery carved wooden objects, arms and weapons, clay models , sculptures, educational, scientific and zoological objects, tribal costumes, ceramics, oil and miniature paintings, inlay work, musical instruments, clocks and marble statues. The museum was designed in the year 1876 by Colonel Sir Swinton just to greet King Edward VII as Prince of Wales on his visit to India. Museum was opened to public ten years later from its designing. The museum also has an assortment of rare articles on its display including textiles, carpets, paintings, metal and wood crafts, pottery, arms and weapons, flora and fauna of the state, toys, dolls and even an Egyptian mummy that belongs to the Ptolemaic Epoch. It shows the scene of a Persian garden Carpet with running water streams and is also renowned for housing the famous carpet. Mirza Raja Jai Singh bought it from Shah Abbas of Persia.
In an attempt to depict the uniqueness of the dresses and jewelry of all the classes and tribes of Rajasthani people the galleries on the ground floor of the museum have been completely remodeled and restructured since 1959 including the privileged class that mainly consists of Rajputs and the merchant class. Lifestyle of the tribals such as Meenas, Bhopas, Bhils, Gadoliya Lohars are included. One gallery shows the heena body art of Rajasthan, which is known as “Mehndi Mandana” , which shows an exhibition of the typical Rajasthani motifs and designs that are rigourslyl recognized as ethic all over the world. Another gallery recognizes Puppets and Phad paintings. The highlights of the museum are displayed in another gallery of museum which is in its central gallery , which is completely shows Rajasthani music and dance forms.The central museum is the most visited destination by tourists of Jaipur. It is famed for its enormous and exclusive collection. One section of the museum, also known as Darbar Hall, has the largest floor covering in the world. This is the oldest and finest identified carpet, and is solitary in its kind. This museum remains open all days expect on the Holi festival.the timings are from 9:30 am to 4:30 pm.


Jal Mahal is the palace situated in center of a water dam. In 16th century due to continuous draught, the residents of Amer city suffered water shortage. Considering the need of hour the ruler of Amer built a dam named Man Sagar Lake and in the middle this lake he constructed this Jal Mahal as a pleasure point for the Royals.Jal Mahal is well known for its architectural beauty which displays a combination of Mughal and Rajput style. The queens from Royal families used to arrange picnics here which included duck hunting programs and other pleasures which were undiscovered.Jal Mahal gives a beautiful view from the south side, showcasing the square structure of the palace in dam and Aravalli range covering the fort from east, west and northern sides. Jal Mahal palace is a five story building and the first four floors are under water when the dam is full showing only fifth floor which looks mesmerizing. The dam is usually full in rainy seasons of July and august. There are octagonal Chhatries on the four sides of Jal Mahal and a rectangular Chhatri on the roof. A garden on the terrace of Jal Mahal was developed by Raja Jai Singh II, Which was abandoned with time. In fact the whole Jal Mahal was abandoned along with the lake; the entry was prohibited inside the palace. The palace was then renovated completely under the restoration project taken by Government of Rajasthan. And for the first time the Palace opened for visitors in February 2012.Due to urbanization and pollution, lake water was no more pure and healthy. Poisonous toxics were found in water. Fresh water is introduced to the lake only during rainy season from July to September. So water level is maximum at Jal Mahal at that time and in summers water level is decreased as no fresh water is introduced and ground water is used for irrigation.


There are many museums in Jaipur but the Dolls Museum occupies a significant place in the tourism map because of its rich collection. The museum is a must visit in Jaipur.Flocked by a large number of tourists from different parts of the world, the Dolls museum has played a vital role in making the visit to museum really special experience for the tourists. Having a wide range of collection that includes mostly dolls, visiting this museum is a unique experience for the tourists. These dolls reflect different cultures prevalent across the world. Clad in national attires of different countries, the dolls offer a mesmerizing experience to the tourists.Located at a distance of 4 kilometers from the city center, the museum was built in the year 1974 with a definite purpose. It mainly serves the purpose of reflecting the different cultures of the world. The variety of attires worn by dolls reflects the culture of the following provinces:
  • Bengal
  • Maharashtra
  • Gujarat
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Punjab
  • Assam
  • Kashmir
Some of the dolls are also dressed up in bridal dresses of the following provinces:
  • Mysore
  • Gujarat
  • Kerala
  • Bengal
  • Punjab
Dolls are also exhibited wearing attires of classical dances like:
  • Bharatnatyam
  • Odissi
  • Kuchipudi
  • Kathakali
In the Dolls museum of Jaipur, you will also find dolls wearing attires of different countries like:
  • Uganda
  • China
  • New Zealand
  • Britain
  • Mexico
  • Spain
  • USA
  • Malaysia
  • Sweden
  • Germany
  • Afghanistan
Visiting this museum is a great experience. Moreover, the character of the museum is such that it manages to attract visitors of all ages. Hence, if you are looking for a Jaipur tour, make sure the tour itinerary includes a visit to the Dolls Musuem. Indian Holiday offer online booking and reservation for Tours and Hotels in Jaipur. For more information and booking, please fill in the form below.


The M. P. Birla Planetarium started functioning from September 29, 1962 as an educational, scientific and research institution and was formally inaugurated on July 2, 1963 by the first Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. This was the second major Planetarium to be set up in the commonwealth countries with London having a Planetarium a few years earlier to the one in Calcutta then.
This was the first of its kind in India and the largest in Asia. Syt. M. P. Birla was the driving force behind this project. The Planetarium has been established on a land (about an acre) leased by the West Bengal Government. The Planetarium with all its assets had been transferred to the Registered Society of “Birla Institute of Fundamental Research”.
The M. P. Birla Planetarium has been hosting and participating in several National and International seminars in astronomy and connected fields and has been regularly organizing astronomical expeditions for the studies of Solar Eclipses and other Celestial events. The Planetarium has also been organizing special lectures and exhibitions in connection with centenaries of astronomers like Galileo, Kepler, Tycho Brahe and others. The Planetarium owns an astronomical observatory equipped with a Celestron C-14 Telescope with accessories such as ST6 CCD Camera, Solar Filter etc.
The M. P. Birla Planetarium, since its inception, has designed and presented to the public and students more than 350 astronomical projects dealing with many facets of astronomy, astro-physics, Celestial Mechanics, Space Science, History of astronomy,Centenaries of famous Astronomers as well as mythology concerning stars and planets. The Planetarium has also been conducting a series of graded school programmes for children of various age groups. Almost from the very beginning of this institution, it has been conducting a Free Evening Course inAstronomy. In the year 1993 it introduced a Post-Graduate Diploma Course inAstronomy & Planetarium Sciences. In the year 1999 the Planetarium joined hands with the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani and introduced a new course called the M. Phil. Course in Astronomy & Planetarium Sciences.
The Planetarium is equipped with an Electronics Laboratory for design and fabrication of scientific equipment. In 1993, after two years of work, this lab set up an Automation System for executing the special effects and visuals during a planetarium show. One must come and have a look to the Planetarium begore giving their views.
The Planetarium has been regularly bringing a scientific Journal called “The Journal of M. P. Birla Planetarium” wherein appear contributed articles from astronomers from India as well as from abroad. An editorial board has been suitability set up for the assessment and sensibility of the articles received for publication. In recent years, the Planetarium has also brought out some astronomical publications like “Bust Stories”, “A Brief Introduction of Astronomy”, yearly astronomical pocket-calendars and picture post-cards etc. The M. P. Birla Planetarium was chosen as the venue for the 7th International Planetarium Directors’ Congress in 1980.


Nahargarh Fort is located on the rugged ridge of Aravali Hills and it forms an impressive northern backdrop of Jaipur. It looks most classy when floodlit at night. The fort overlooks the city and presents a glittering view of the city lights. It was built in 1734 and extended in 1868. Nahargarh meaning abode of the tigers was built by Jai Singh to bolster the defence of Amber. The legend has it that it was named Nahargarh after Nahar Singh, a prince whose spirit would destroy the construction and stall its progress. So after a tantrik invoked the spirit, it agreed to withdraw on condition that the fort would be named after him. The Madhavendra Bhawan, built by Sawai Madho Singh has a unique cluster of 12 identical suites for queens and at the head is a suite for the king himself. The rooms are linked by corridors and retain some delicate frescoes as well as toilets and kitchen hearths. It was used by members of the royal family for excursion in summers and is even now  a favoured picnic spot. Durg Cafeteria just above the entrance sells meals and refreshments, while Padao Restaurant on the west sells drinks around sunset.


Amber (pronounced Amer) is situated about 11 kilometres from Jaipur and was the ancient citadel of the ruling Kachwahas of Amber, before the capital was shifted to the plains, the present day Jaipur.  The Amber Fort set in picturesque and rugged hills is a fascinating blend of Hindu and Mughal architecture. Constructed by Raja Man Singh I in 1592 and completed by Mirja Raja Jai Singh the fort was made in red sand stone and white marble. The rugged forbidding exterior belies an inner paradise with a beautiful fusion of art and architecture. Amber is the classic and romantic fort-palace with a magnificent aura. The interior wall of the palace depicts expressive painting scenes with carvings, precious stones and mirror settings. In the foreground is the Maota Lake providing a breathtaking vista. Built mainly for the warring enemies as a safe place, the heavily structured walls could defend the residents within the ramparts of the fort. All means of survival and luxuries for the royal families and the people who were concerned with the functioning of this small kingdom of the Kachhawas were well provided. The Rajputs who had apparently won a small structure passed on by Meena tribes, later on renovated it into the grand Amber Fort. Holding a history as old as seven centuries, this place vibrates with its legendary past. Although many of the early structures have been literally ruined but at the same time, those dating from 16th century onwards are remarkably well preserved by sincere efforts.

  • ALWAR:
Alwar is known as "Tiger Gate" of Rajasthan. Surrounded by lush green Aravali hills and presents a breath taking natural environment. Forests and lakes form the backdrop to this beautiful place. The site is dotted with architectural splendor, surrounded by harsh mountains. The deep valleys and thick forest cover is a haven for many species of birds and animals. It is one of the oldest cities in the state and its prehistoric and historic sites are an archaeologist's delight. Paradoxically, Alwar is both the oldest and the most recent of the Rajput kingdoms of Rajasthan. Trace their tradition back to the realms of Viratnagar that flourished here around 1500 BC It is also known as Matasya Desh, where the Pandavas, the mighty heroes of the Mahabharata, spent the last years of his 13 years of exile. The grandeur, beauty and delicacy of the design of innumerable palaces and forts in the region, tranquil lakes, majestic hunting lodges, sites of archaeological importance, thick forests, many birds and animals mixed with an equally diverse socio - cultural configuration have made this region a traveler's delight.

  • Tourist Attractions of Alwar:


The huge Bala Quila, sitting high up on a 300m steep cliff, is what lends this ancient city much of its character. Though we do not know who built this forsaken fort, it has stood there watching over Alwar from even before the Mughals came into the scene. Which means that it was built before the 16th century. and we know this for sure because Babur (the first Mughal king in India) is known to have spent a night here. Not just that, he even took away the fabulous treasure that was kept here and gifted it to his son, Humayun. Later Jahangir had also stayed there for some time when he was packed off by his authoritarian father, Akbar. The place where he stayed came to be called Salim Mahal. (Jahangir was actually banished by Akbar because he tried to assassinate Abul Fazal, one of the nine jewels of his father's court). Bala Quila was finally taken over by Pratap Singh in 1775.The most impressive aspect of the fort is the spectacular view of the city and the lake studded countryside below.The 300 metre high Bala Quila is accessible only by four-wheel-drive vehicles, or by a steep footpath. Also, see the Superintendent of Police, Alwar, for permission to visit the place.


Bhangarh Fort is situated on a hillside in the deserted town of Bhangarh, Rajasthan. Bhangarh is a ruined town between Jaipur and Alwar in Rajasthan and is located at the edge of Sariska Tiger Reserve. Bhangarh fort is a major tourist attraction and is said to be one of the most haunted sites in the world. Many legends are associated with the haunted folk. It was established in 1613 by King Madho Singh. It might be renowned for its haunted and spooky presence but it can be visited as the place is beautiful and tranquil.Many versions of the myth are known in order to unravel the mystery of the haunted fort. One such myth is that the city of Bhangarh was built by King Madho Singh after getting an approval from ascetic, Guru Balu Nath, who meditated there. Guru Balu Nath sanctioned the establishment of the town but said : The moment the shadow of your palace touches me you are undone. The city shall be no more! But one of the ambitious descendant raised the palace to such a height that it cast a shadow on Balu Nath's forbidden retreat and his prophecy became true as predicted and the whole town was devastated. The samadhi where Guru Balu Nath is said to lie is still there. Local villagers say that whenever a house is built there its roof collapses. People also say that nobody returned who stayed there after dark.Another myth is the legend of the Princess of Bhangarh, Ratnavati. She was said to be very beautiful and by the age of 18 she started getting matrimonial offers from nobilties of other states. Now, in the same area lived a tantrik (a magician well versed in the occult), called Singhia who was completely smitten by her but knew that the match was impossible. One day Singhia saw the princess's maid in the market. So he thought of tricking the princess by using black magic on the oil that the maid was purchasing so that upon touching it, the princess would surrender herself to him. The princess had however seen the tantrik enchanting the oil, foiled his plan by pouring it on the ground. As the oil struck the ground it turned into a boulder, which crushed Singhia. Before dying, Singhia cursed the palace with the death of all who dwelt in it, without any rebirth in their destinies. The very next year, a battle took place between Bhangarh and Ajabgarh in which Princess Ratnavati perished.According to the legends, there are ghosts dwelling in Bhangarh fort and that is why entry is prohibited for tourists in the fort after sunset and before sunrise. The locals believe that Princess Ratnavati has taken birth somewhere else and that the fort and the empire of Bhangarh is waiting for her return and put an end to the curse. Few years ago, the crew members of production team of a haunted T.V. Serial which is televised on national television visited the place of Bhangarh after searching for an ideal location for shooting the haunted story. Even they witnessed some paranormal activities happening there.
If you will read the signboard of Archaeological Survey Of India then you will get the goosebumps and start wondering that the unusual instructions mentioned by the government are indirectly indicating that the place is haunted as it's strictly prohibited to visit the fort before sunrise and after sunset,the Kewda and Pandanus trees are forbidden to any kind of harm, shepherds and wood-cutters are not allowed in the region, if you are daring enough to disobey the instructions, then you may face legal action. A lot of tourists, who have visited Bhangarh fort say that there is a strange feeling in the atmosphere, which causes anxiety and restlessness.


Moosi rani Ki Chhatri is a monument with an exceptionally attractive design. It is a cenotaph dedicated to Raja Bakhtawar Singh and his wife Rani Moosi. This monument, dedicated to the late king and his wife, is located in the City Palace and is one of the main attractions of the central building.This double-storied cenotaph stands on a platform of pillared red sandstone. The upper storey is in marble and has some splendid arches and unusually rounded roofs. The interiors have some great carvings, though most of the frescoes on the ceilings are not visible any more. Hundreds of peacocks and other colorful birds flapping around the place provide a visual treat to the visitors. The entire complex looks grand against the backdrop of the Aravalli ranges.


Neemrana Fort, the grand fort was built in 1464. Neemrana Fort-Palace is among India's oldest heritage resorts. Neemrana became the third capital of the descendants of Prithviraj Chauhan III, who was killed in battle by Mohammad Ghori in 1192 AD.
This picturesque site was chosen by Raja Rajdeo and Neemrana derived its name from a brave local chieftain Nimola Meo, who when defeated by the Chauhans, pleaded that his name be given to his lost kingdom.The property covers 25 acres/10 hectares and the stepped palaces of this architectural jewel cut into the hillside to sprawl over 3 acres/1.2 hectares and rises to 10 levels commanding the most splendid views.The Fort has 40 elegantly appointed unique rooms, equipped with all modern amenities. Nearly all the rooms have private either balconies or terrace. Neemrana has a variety of rooms with different views and decors. Neemrana has all the facilities of a Modern 5-star resort. But more than that Neemrana is visited by many a tourists for the sheer experience it provides of living in the royal past.
The Fort has a beautifully appointed restaurant serving multi-cuisine dishes & provides a beautiful view of the Aravalies. The other facilities offered are 24 hour room service, travel desk, jacuzzi, swimming pool, village safari, jeep safari, camel safari, cultural shows, indoor & outdoor games, Ayurvedic massage & spa treatment, trekking, library etc.


The Sariska is located in Alwar district of Rajasthan. and can be considered a central point for visiting various attractions within its vicinity. Located close to Sariska are three old settlements Bhangarh Fort, Ajaibgarh and Pratapgarh. The Sariska terrain has taken roots in this semi arid deserts of Rajasthan and supports scrub-thorn arid and dry deciduous forests that are full of rocks and grass patches intertwined with some thick foliage. The wildlife present in the area is diverse and is a perfect example of adaptability and symbiosis between nature and animals. The climate, as in any desert, is dry and varies towards the extremes.

The place is also famous for old temples and palaces around the sariska. The temples and chhattris and even the rare waterfall offer an exquisite view. However, the ruins of many of these monuments only serve as a reminder of how glorious the history of this land has been.

Sariska provides an opportunity to view tiger, langur, nilgai and various many bird species. However, apart from the wildlife and forest Sariska is surrounded by numerous places of historical interest, interspersed with temples and monuments.

Enjoy the famous Sariska Tiger reserve in these forests, once a part of the ancient 'Matsya' kingdom, are also supposed to have sheltered the exiled Pandavas. It is believed that Bhima, smote the rock face of a cliff with his cudgel at Pandu Pol and made a passage through a gorge in the sanctuary. The sight of the huge gaping orifice with a picturesque spring emerging from the rocks, is an awe-inspiring sight.

While in Sanctuary, trek on the numerous rugged hills and explore the ruined palaces located atop them. The mornings and evenings are the busiest periods in a day and the same holds true even in the forests. The Jungle Safari organized for groups from the guest house or from the entrance is a thrilling ride full of amusement and trepidation throughout. It's the dawn and dusk period when the wildlife ventures out of compulsion towards one of the many water holes scattered around the Park. The Game is not the correct word to describe these extremely beautiful creatures that roam fearlessly in their own domain thus providing the tourists the best chances of an awe inspiring spectacle. 

Sariska National Park:
Sariska Tiger Reserve is an area of 800 sq. kms.
Sariska was declared a sanctuary in 1955 and it became a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger in 1979.

Sariska, with its awe inspiring craggy canyons and the tropical dry deciduous scrub jungles and limited water supply, was the western limits of the distribution of the tiger in India. Tigers could be seen in the area even during the day time till 2002 or so. But unfortunately, due to poaching and many other reasons Tigers have disappeared from Sariska. The State Government started an all out effort to re-introduce Tiger in Sariska under the technical supervision of the Wildlife Institute of India and has sent the detailed proposals, to Government Of India, for Re-introduction of Tigers in Sariska.

Sariska is a special Tiger Reserve also because the natural history of the ecosystem combines with the rich history of the country. The ruins of Shiv temples and a few Jain temples that exist in the archaeological complex of Garh Rajore, belong to a period between 8th and 10th century. The abandoned fort of Kankwari tells of the grim story of the Moghul Empire , where Prince Darah Shikoh was kept in prison for years by his younger brother Aurangzeb. Pandupole, with a legend of Pandava period, Narainimata temple and Bharthari temple are the centres of attraction for thousands of pilgrims.The terrain of Sariska is hilly with numerous valleys, both wide and narrow, and expansive undulating plateaus. The characteristic features of the Aravalli range - sharp hog -black ridges - are conspicuous in the Reserve. Most of the high ridges are composed of quartzite conglomerates and grits. 

The forests are of a typical dry deciduous type with Dhok as the dominant tree species of gentle to moderate slopes constituting over 90% of the tree canopy. The ridges support Salar on steep dry slopes. Khair and Cheela occur in vally beds. Bamboo grows to a limited extent along moist and cooler parts. Aam, Jamun, Arjun and Bahera, which grow in moist depression and on nallah banks attain large sizes. The ground cover is mainly Ber, and Adusa. Zizyphus and Grewia are good fodder species. The dried and fallen leaves of Dhok help the herbivores to tide over the fodder scarcity during summer months. The forests become lush green in the monsoon months and completely dry in the summer months. 

Sariska is very rich in wild animals. Panther, Hyena, Jackal and Jungle cat are the carnivores of the forest. Caracal and Wild dog are seen very rarely. Among the prey population are the Sambhar, Chital, Nilgai, Wild boar, Hare and Porcupine etc. 
Sariska is unique in animal distribution. The wild animals here seem to have decided their area -limits. Slopka is best for observing the Sambhar, Kundli for Chitals and Tarunda & Kalighati for Nilgai. Four -horned antelopes or chausingha can be seen in the Pondupole Nallah. Chausingha is exclusively Indian and is the only buck on earth with four horns.

Sariska is also famous for its population of common Langurs and the Rhesus monkeys. Talviksh is where the main population of Rhesus exists and one can see hundreds of them at a time. Langurs can be seen in large numbers at Pandupole, slopka and Kalighati as well.

In sariska, observing Wildlife at the water holes is quite fascinating during the hot days of April, May and June. Water requirements increase and Wildlife activities get restricted to the water holes,specially around Kalighati and Slopaka. Sambars, Chitals, Nilgais, Chausinghas, Jackals, Wild boars, Langurs etc. visit water holes throughout the day. The predators appear around dusk or during the silence of the night.

For the ornithologists and birding enthusiasts, the natural surroundings of Sariska draw the migratory birds from Siberia and China. It is quite a mingling of horned owl, tree pie, grey partridge, woodpecker, peafowl, crested serpent eagle, bush quail, sand grouse. Probably, Sariska is the richest Tiger Reserve as far as avifauna is concerned. More than 225 species of birds can be seen here. The populations of Peafowl, Grey partridges and Bush quail are conspicuous. Other commonly seen birds are Parakeets, Red spurfowl, Doves Green pigeon, Flycatchers, Bee-eaters, Shrikes, Woodpeckers Vultures and Nightjars etc. 

Trees Checklist of Sariska:
Dhok (Anogeissus pendula) is the dominanat tree species covering over 90 per cent area of the forest. Boswellia serreta and Lannea cormandalica grow at rocky patches. Kattha (Acacia catechu) and Bamboo are common in the valleys. Some valleys support Palas (Butea monosperma) and Ber (Zizyphus spp.). Besides these, some noteworthy tree species are Arjun (Terminalia arjuna), gugul (Commiphora wightii), Kadaya (Sterculia urens), Amla (Emblica officinalis), Bahera (Terminalia belerica).

Karauli, former capital of the erstwhile Karauli state (princely state), is a small town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The city has around 300 temples and is hence, regarded as one of the holiest cities of the state. The city, which is located about 150 km from Jaipur, was founded by Maharaja Arjun Dev Yadav in 1348 AD. Legend has it that the Jadaun Rajputs who ruled Karauli were descendants of Lord Krishna. Karauli was formerly known as Kalyanpuri, named after the deity Kalyanji. The city is protected by a red sandstone wall constructed all around it. The wall has gateways at strategic positions, which aided protection from the approaching enemies in olden days. The wall, though depleted at some spots, still remains intact. Karauli is famous for its pale red stones and monuments like the Kaila Devi temple, Madan Mohanji temple and many other historic structures.
The heritage town of Karauli is associated with many legends. It is a popular belief that the princely state of Karauli was founded by Yaduvanshi Rajput Bijai Pal around 995 AD. It is believed that he was 88th generation of the Hindu deity, Lord Krishna. Little is however known about the early history of the family.Officially, the town of Karauli was founded in 1348 by another Yaduvanshi Rajput, Maharaja Arjun Dev Yadav. The town was strategically located to ensure natural defense. To the north and east of the town are ravines while a huge wall was built on all other sides, to protect it from charging armies. Karauli is associated with many historical happenings. The main village in Karauli is called Mandrail. This village is famous for the battle of Mandrail which was fought by Raja Puranmal, the king of Amer, in 1534 AD. At the time when India became independent in 1947, Karauli was under the rule of Maharaja Ganesh Pal Deo. Later, this town merged with the union of India and became part of Indian state of Rajasthan.Karauli is known for its pale red-stones. This heritage town is home to some very memorable monuments like Kaila Devi temple, Madan Mohanji temple, palaces, forts and other historic structures. The Mahavir Jain temple in Karauli is revered by the Jains all over the world. The Kaila Devi Sancturary, which is an extension of the Ranthambore National Park, is located very close to Karauli. This heritage town is also famous its colorful festivals and fairs.

  • Attractions of Karauli:


The Timangarh Fort, situated at a desolate location near Masalpur sub tehsil headquarters about 40 kms from Karauli, is famous as a storehouse of ancient ashtadhatu and stone idols and sculptures, hidden underground near the various temples located inside the Fort complex. The beautiful carvings on the temples, both religious and geometrical, are striking proof of the exquisite workmanship of highly skilled artisans that once operated in this region. Mixed Iron-Metal pellets abound on the nearby hillocks, and give pointers about this area having been a nerve center of metal idol- and weapon- making in its heydays. The Fort also offers a beautiful view of the Sagar lake next to it, and villagers still cherish hopes of the day when they can find the paras stone believed to be somewhere at the bottom of the lake.The Fort is said to have been built circa 1100 AD, with some destruction thereafter. Its reconstruction is said to have been undertaken in 1244 AD by Yaduvanshi Raja Timanpal, the scion of Vijay Pal, the Raja of Bayana. The name "Timangarh" is assumed to be in recognition of Raja Timanpal's contribution. A stone engraving at the entrance of the Fort also mentions this as this year, but some historians believe that this engraving was placed at the time of the reconstruction of the Fort, going by the fact that some idols unearthed are more than a thousand year old. The Fort is originally believed to have had five entrances or dwaars (pols in the local dialect), but some more gates were apparently added later by the Moguls. The latter additions are apparent from the way some carved blocks from deep inside the fort have been used in the construction of the gate at the main entrance to the Fort, along with plain-faced stone blocks of somewhat different colours and variety. The Fort is thus believed to have been under occupation of Mohammad Gouri's forces from 1196 to 1244 AD.  
Little is known  about when  the fort was abandoned, but villagers believe that its residents deserted this complex almost 300 years back. The Fort is supposed to carry the curse of a Natni (a trapeze artiste), and there is a Natni ka khamba (Natni’s pillar) located in the neighbouring plains area, about three km from the Fort. It is said that the then King challenged the Natni to walk over a rope stretching some two km near the entrance, and had promised her half his kingdom in return. She completed the course from one side to the other, but on her return journey, the Ranis panicked and ordered the rope be cut. The Natni fell and died, but placed a curse on the king that his majestic Fort would one day be in ruins. That curse has now come true.


This Fort is located on the top of a hill surrounded by the town of Mandrayal. It is said to have been built by Bija Bahadur whose period of rule is not known. It is also said that this fort was once occupied by Mian Makan after whose name this Fort was named as Mandrayal Fort.


Bhanwar Vilas Palace was built as a royal residence in 1938 by Maharaja Ganesh Pal Deo Bhadur, when he was the ruler of Karauli. The palace is designed in a colonial style, and the interiors are furnished in art-de-decor period furniture. Our grounds provide a home to a variety of plants and animals. If you are looking to experience the history of India while still maintaining the luxuries of our modern times, allow Bhanwar Vilas Palace to be your temporary home. A member of Indian Heritage hotels Association and India’s Royal Legacy offer’s 45 Air-conditioned furnished rooms with all modern amenities like Mini bars, hairdryers, electric kettle etc in all the rooms.


Kela Devi Temple is located on the banks of the Kalisil river in Karauli district. The temple is devoted to the tutelary deity, goddess Kaila, of the erstwhile princely rulers of the Karauli state. It is marble structures with a large courtyard of a checkered floor.In one place are a number of red flags planted by devotees. The place is also famous for its fair held during the dark half of 'chaitra'(March-April) and lasts for a fortnight  


Jodhpur "The Sun City" was founded by Rao Jodha, a chief of the Rathore clan, in 1459. It is named after him only. Jodhpur in Rajasthan, India was previously known as Marwar. Jodhpur is the second largest city in Rajasthan. It is divided into two parts - the old city and the new city. The old city is separated by a10 km long wall surrounding it. Also it has eight Gates leading out of it. The new city is outside the walled city.
Jodhpur is a very popular tourist destination. The landscape is scenic and mesmerizing. Jodhpur city has many beautiful palaces and forts such as Mehrangarh Fort, Jaswant Thada, Umaid Bhavan Palace and Rai ka Bag Palace. Other charms of Jodhpur include Government museum and it's beautiful Umed garden. The city is known as the "Sun City" because of its bright and sunny weather throughout the year. Read on for more Jodhpur information.

  • Attractions of Jodhpur:


Situated on a steep hill, Mehrangarh fort is one of the largest forts in India. The beauty and the grandeur of numerous palaces in the fort narrates a saga of hard sandstones yielding to the chisels of skilled Jodhpuri sculptures. Mehrangarh Fort, spreading over 5 km on a perpendicular hill and looking down 125 meters, presents a majestic view on city horizon.
It was built on advice of a saint in 1459 to establish an impregnable head-quarter. This Fort is one of the best in India with its exquisitely latticed windows, carved panels, elaborately adorned windows and walls of Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal, Sheesh Mahal. A collection of musical instruments, palanquins, royal costumes, furniture and the cannons on the fort's ramparts are well preserved.


To the left of the Mehrangarh Fort complex is the Jaswant Thada of Jodhpur, Rajasthan. It is a 19th century royal cenotaph built in commemoration of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II, the 33rd Rathore ruler of Jodhpur. The son of Maharaja Jaswant Singh, Maharaja Sardar Singh, in the memory of his father, built the Jaswant Thada. The cenotaph has two more tombs within it. Near to this are the royal crematorium and three other cenotaphs.
Famous Jaswant Thada in Jodhpur, India is an example of architectural brilliance in India. It is a white marble memorial, built out of intricately carved sheets of marble. The carving shows the genius of the sculptors. These stones are extremely thin and polished. As a result, the outside surface of the monument emits a warm glow when the sunrays fall on its surface. There is also beautiful marble jali work on the cenotaph. You can have some nice views from the terrace in front of the cenotaph.The cenotaph of Maharaja Jaswant Singh displays portraits of the rulers and Maharajas of Jodhpur. The main memorial has been built like a temple. To visit the Thada you have to go through the rocky hills. This also lends a mystic aura to the whole visit


Built by Maharaja Umaid Singh and named after him, this exquisite Palace is also known as Chittar Palace because of the local chittar sandstone used in it. It is a splendid example of Indo-colonial and art deco architecture of the 30s. A unique feature of this palace is the fact that the manually chiselled sandstone blocks have been put together in a special system of interlocking. There is no mortar binding. A portion of the palace has been converted into a hotel, the other remains on view to visitors in the form of an excellent museum which houses model aeroplanes, weapons, antique clocks, bob watches, priceless crockery and hunting trophies. Both sections retain the ambience of royal splendour. 


This palace is situated near Rai-ka- Bag palace railway station. It was constructed in 1663 by Hadiji, queen of king jaswant Singh-I. King Jaswant Singh-II liked this palace very much. He mostly stayedin the octagonal bunglow of this palace. In 1883 when Swami Dayanand Saraswati came to Jodhpur, his sermons were arranged for the public in the public ground of this palace. Even Jaswant Singh used to listen to Swami Dayanand in this palace only. Now income tax office functions in this palace.


One of the popular gardens of Jodhpur is the  Umed garden. It is spread on an area of 82 acres. The famous Umed garden of Jodhpur, Rajasthan was developed by Maharaja Umed Singh. It is named after him only. The garden has five separate gates around it to facilitate entry to the garden from different directions. It has lush green lawns with beautiful roses and other seasoned flowers. Also inside the garden, is a museum, towering Ashoka trees, artistically designed fountains, a library and a zoo.Viceroy Willingdon inaugurated the zoo in the garden. At the time of its inauguration, the Umed garden had lion, tiger, zebra, ostrich and an emu. There was separate cage made for monkeys. A 'Walk-in Aviary' in the zoo was constructed in the garden in 1978. The aviary houses different types of birds, local, African and Australian parrots, ducks, rabbits etc. All the birds and animals are kept in their natural environment. 
Also in the Umed garden, is a large cage for bears opposite the aviary. Also there are pigeons, crocodiles, foxes, deer, lions, leopards, etc. Children as well as adults very often visit the garden with equal interest. The garden is known for mesmerize people with the nature's beauty in which it abounds. Also, it is a good place to educate children in relation to nature.


It was made by queen Jadechi Rajkanwar after the death of her husband, king Jaswant Singh. Major Part of the temple is made of red sandstone, carved with beautiful filigree work. The heart of the temple has the statue of Ranchhodji made of black marble.It has green, yellow and blue glassess fixed on its main door.


This 19th Century sandstone palace built on a hillock facing Balsammand lake is one of such places that's definitely going to win your heart.The palace was created by Maharajah Sur Singhji, as a summer pavilion. It is very finely carved with latticed windows that allow the soft, cool breeze to blow into the interiors of the palace. The embankments of the lake, in front of the palace, have dome

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