How to detect childhood dyslexia at home
Between five and eight percent of children enrolled in primary and secondary education have dyslexia , a neurological disorder in which the ability to read or write is below the level of intelligence of the person . According to a report by the US Health Institute, up to 15 percent of the population could suffer from this problem, since many people would be undiagnosed. Anna López Sala, consultant of the Master’s Degree in Learning Difficulties and Language Disorders at the Open University of Catalonia (UOC), UOC, says that “the social impact that a dyslexic person has to endure is very great”. In boys and girls “these difficulties can trigger emotional disorders such as anxiety, low self-esteem and school failure , while in the case of adults, it can lead them to reduce their professional expectations “, explains the expert.
Recognizing Dyslexia is not easy. When it is detected that the child has difficulty reading, the first step should be to go to the pediatrician to check for sight or hearing problems . Once discarded, the next step is to consult a reading specialist or a child psychologist who, after performing reading, writing and memorization tests , could diagnose dyslexia.
However, it is possible to identify this disorder at home, knowing a number of indicators of progress that children should be overcome by age group ; If a school fails in any of these indicators, we could be facing a case of dyslexia. In this sense, it is very important to monitor the child ‘s progress in school and “be alert for school reports and notices of teachers, as for parents is difficult to know the academic level of your child unable to compare with the rest of the class “, warns the expert.
A child 5 to 7 may have dyslexia if:
- It is not able to relate spelling and sound.
- It can not identify the sounds that make up the words.
- Can not recognize words that begin with the same letter, for example: m ama, m apa, mANTEL.
- He can not read and spell simple words already learned.
- He has serious difficulties learning the days of the week and the numbers from 1 to 10.
- He has no ability to rhyme words: cat-duck, kiss-cheese.
A child from 7 to 9 years old can have dyslexia if:
- He does not improve his reading speed at that age.
- You do not know the multiplication tables.
- He commits natural or basic spelling errors.
- He is not capable of constructing well-structured written discourses.
- Frequently used “that” or “that thing” instead of using specific words to refer to objects and things.
These indicators are warning signs. When parents identify any of these problems, it is advisable to consult a specialist who can determine if it is a case of dyslexia or another type of disorder. López Sala explains that, when diagnosing dyslexia, one must take into account family history , the child’s motor skills and social skills , the acquisition of habits and the use of language .
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