Toys adapted for all types of children
Dear Magi Kings . These are the three words with which every child begins his letter where all his favorite Toys and illusions are displayed, with the aim that their Majesties of the East leave them during the night of January 5 in their homes, and that upon awakening See your wishes fulfilled.
The countdown has already begun, and in two days, the Magi will have a lot of work visiting the home of thousands of children. In addition, one of the things that we have revealed this year is that they will transport many toys adapted for those children who have any special needs, be it visual, auditory or motor . So they can also enjoy Christmas and the illusion of gifts.
But how are those gifts that Your Majesties have prepared for these children? “In the case of children with some type of disability, it is very important to know what toy to give them to encourage their creativity, imagination and motivation , like any other child. But, in addition, also know which are the best suited to their manipulative skills, cognitive abilities, and their possibilities of sensory perception, “explains Belén Martínez, coordinator of the Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Unit of the Vithas Nisa Virgen del Consuelo Hospital (Valencia ) .
In spite of the fact that in the workshops where the pages prepare all kinds of toys all year round, there are also some non-magical shops in the non-magical world that are specialized in the manufacture, development and research of adapted toys so that children with some kind of motor, cognitive or sensory disturbance can enjoy playing.
Therefore, the specialist points out that “the first thing we have to take into account is that the Adapted ones are those standard toys that have been made some physical modification that facilitates their use and the game itself . At present, there are many types of adaptations, from the simplest that can be put velcros in order to fix the toy, to translate the sound effects to visual or install an analog audio connector that facilitates the use of it.
How to adapt toys
The manufacture of toys is not a simple job. For this, the first step that pages give is to travel around the world. This is how they find the newest and most unusual toys, they advance on the new technologies and discover the characters that will cause fury next season. Once this arduous research task is done, they return to the workshop and get down to work.
The construction of the toy is not easy either, since everything depends on how it is and for whom it is directed . Depending on how the child is, some toys have to be adapted to different levels. So, they are divided into:
At motor level
- Fix the bases of the toys with Velcro or magnets to avoid unwanted movements during the game.
- Modify the clothes of the dolls (velcros).
- Add strings to facilitate the drag of toys.
- Adapt the toy so that it can be activated by means of a push button.
- That they do not demand much rapidity of movements or that the response times can be regulated.
- In large structures like kitchenettes that between the wheelchair.
At the auditory level
- Place electronic devices that translate sounds to other types of effects (vibration, lights …).
- Translate oral messages into written ones.
- Toys that carry sound is important to have volume control and optional headphone output.
- Incorporate sounds, reliefs or textures that substitute or accompany a visual stimulus.
- In board games, highlight them, place velcro, magnets, suction cups to avoid involuntary movements.
- Instructions or parts translated into the braille system.
On an intellectual level
- That they have easy handling of all their functions so that the child can play autonomously.
- They are attractive from the beginning to the end of their use, which will help to maintain attention and interest throughout the game.
- That allow long response times, so that everyone can play, even if its pace is a bit slower.
- That do not require high levels of concentration or reasoning.
- If they are sets of rules, they have the possibility of adapting to lower cognitive levels, reducing the number of standards and their complexity.
“In the end, the important thing and that we should never forget, is that a child with a disability is first of all a child and that, regardless of their disability or deficiency, it is important to give the child the chance to play, evolve and learn to its rhythm “, concludes Martínez.
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