The first teeth
The eruption of the first teeth (milk teeth) usually occurs around six months of age, although there is no single date for all children and, in some cases, it is even normal for them to appear at one year of age.
Teething of these first teeth is not always accompanied by discomfort , although many children experience discomfort, cry, are irritable and have some fever (less than 38 ºC). Occasionally, the gums also become inflamed and may bleed, but the exit of the milk teeth does not produce more serious disorders than rashes, high fever, allergies or gastrointestinal problems.
The first teeth to come out are the lower teeth. At nine months, the superior centrals will appear, followed soon after by the superior laterals. When the child has already completed the year “throws” the lower molars, then the upper ones and at 18 months the lower and posterior fangs. The last teeth to appear are the second molars that erupt at approximately two years of age.
Care from the beginning
Some parents believe that baby teeth do not have to receive special care, because they will be replaced by a second dentition or permanent teeth. Actually this idea is not beneficial for the dental health of the little ones. Baby teeth help children to bite and chew food better, but also allow them to learn to pronounce correctly, prepare the way for permanent teeth to save the hole where they arise and in some way favor the perception that children have of their own image, thus increasing their self-confidence.
When to start brushing
For all these reasons, parents must monitor the dental care of children from the first dentition. When the child already has two or more teeth in any of the gums you can start brushing them.
At the beginning, a little hot water and a special brush with a soft bristle will suffice. Little by little, toothpaste can be introduced in brushing, but always in small quantities (such as a coffee bean) since excess fluoride is also harmful to the child’s teeth. This overdose of fluoride could damage the health of the enamel, causing spots and brittle teeth, including permanent teeth. Constancy and routine in this habit of hygiene is preferable to the amount of toothpaste used.
Parents have tosupervise the brushing until the children can do it on their own (at about six or eight years). Your future dental health depends on this education.
The Pacifier or the habit of putting the finger to the mouth worry many parents who think that they can interfere with the normal growth of the teeth.
Recent studies in this regard indicate that the pacifier is not harmful as long as it is abandoned before two years of age. From this moment, the pacifier can interfere with the correct learning of pronunciation, aggravate possible ear infections and deform the palate. In addition, the pacifier increases the risk of cavities.
The specialists advise to resort to the pacifier not immediately, but to the four weeks of life of the small one, when the routine of the food has already been established and there is no danger of skipping meals, especially if the child is being breastfed.
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