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The rights of the hospitalized child

The rights of the hospitalized child

The experience of hospitalization in children can be traumatic. To avoid this, the European Union has developed the ‘ European Charter for Hospitalized Children ‘, which includes the demand for specialized personnel , parent company , education and information adapted to their age. This implies adaptations of care and, at times, complicates the work of pediatricians who, despite this, agree to take it forward.

Hospitalization means for a child to get away more or less prolonged from their daily activities and from the family, school and social context to which they are accustomed. The hospital becomes their living space, their world. He disappears the house, the school and has to interact with many people he had never seen.

Faced with this situation, the European Union has developed the ‘European Charter for Hospitalized children’ as a wake-up call for health professionals in the care of children admitted.

Pediatricians have become aware that there are special needs in the child. To favor their stay in the hospital, ” short income is enhanced , less aggressive diagnostic activities, the day hospital is promoted and the interview with the child to inform him of his illness “, says José Emilio Olivera, head of the Pediatric Service of the Virgen del Camino Hospital, Pamplona. hospitalization, since it is necessary to dedicate more time and modify the spaces, but “it is a positive complication, since it acts on the development of the minor favorably.”

For Javier Urra, defender of the minor of the Community of Madrid, “these rights are very useful and they need to be known. Not only for children who are sick, but for the adults who work with them. ”
María Urmeneta, a teacher at the school for children at the Hospital de San Pablo, in Barcelona, ​​has found that child hospitalization has changed a lot: at the beginning of the century there was no concept of a child, but he was treated like a small adult .

As it has been seen that the child has specific needs has evolved, especially in recent years. According to the expert, “now it is understood that the child who is in the hospital is going through a stage of illness, but then must be incorporated into ordinary life.” The fulfillment of the rights of the letter makes possible the integral attention of the child. “The physical and medical part is very important, but it should not make people forget aspects such as education, play and live childhood as much as possible”.

Rights of the hospitalized child

Among the rights included in the ‘European Charter for hospitalized children’ are the following:

  • Being admitted only if you can not receive the necessary care at home or in the clinic and the possibility of being accompanied by the parents as long as possible during your stay in the hospital.
  • Receive information adapted to your age and mental development regarding your illness and the medical treatment to which you will be subjected.
  • Individual follow-up during his illness, being assigned, as far as possible, to the same nurse or auxiliary for care.
  • Possibility of refusing to be subjects of investigation and to reject any care or examination whose primary purpose is educational or informative and not strictly therapeutic.
  • The child should not receive unnecessary medical treatment or endure physical and moral suffering that can be avoided.
  • He must be hospitalized together with other children , avoiding as much as possible his internment with adults.
  • He must have the possibility of continuing with his school training during his stay in the hospital and it is necessary that he be treated with tact, education, understanding and respect for his privacy.

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The rights of the hospitalized child

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