Seven tips to eliminate blackheads
The black spots are the primary lesion of one of the types of acne , called comedoniado. It is a hard mass of keratin and sebum that obstructs and dilates the follicular orifice.
“The part of the comedon exposed to the outside is darkened by oxidative alterations and the lower or deep part is white. Other comedones do not have that opening to the outside and they are spherical structures of whitish color (closed comedón) “, explains Miguel Casas, dermatologist of the Asturias Medical Center , in Oviedo.
The expert continues by stating that “acne lesions are the result of complex hormonal and bacterial effects on the pilosebaceous follicle. Also other factors such as psychic stress, feeding, manipulation or inappropriate treatments can cause problems. ”
To combat the problem effectively, experts give these tips to Eliminate black spots:
“The hygiene of the skin with suitable detergents is an essential part of the therapy and is very appreciated by patients,” says Casas.
Bibiana Pérez, dermatologist at the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology ( AEDV ), is committed to regularly using non-aggressive soaps or syndets and carefully removing makeup with specific products.
2) Masks and exfoliants
Perez emphasizes that “specific masks and exfoliators, used on a regular basis, also reduce blackheads.” In addition, cosmetics with retinol derivatives and alpha-hydroxy acids help prevent the onset of this type of injury.
The dermatologist notes that “there are specific non-comedogenic fat-free moisturizers on the market , suitable for this type of oily skin”.
4) Treatments for acne
There are several active ingredients for topical use that exert beneficial effects against acne. Casas uses the example of benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, retinoic acid, isotretinoin, adapalen, among others. “Applied with constancy they present very good results after a few months,” he says. The expert recalls that “you should always go to the dermatologist to start these therapeutic measures.”
5) Topical antibiotics
Topical antibiotics, on the other hand, should only be applied in case of inflammatory lesions.
You can also perform superficial peels. These treatments are performed in the doctor’s office.
7) Avoid manual removal
Casas points out that manual removal of comedones is only indicated in senile comedones, but never in acne.
8) Hormonal control in women
Oral contraceptives can control acne outbreaks in women, so they can be used for this purpose.
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