Typical skin consultations at the pharmacy in summer
Good weather encourages more plans to be made outside the home, increased weekend breaks and, finally, the expected holidays. During the summer, the pharmacy becomes, more than ever, the place of reference to solve health needs and seek advice.
Among the most frequent consultations are those related to the Skin. Among the most common include conditions such as hyperpigmentation such as melasma , solar lentigo or malignant lentigo melanoma , insect bites, fungi , acne , actinic keratosis or even possible carcinomas, among others.
Gema Herrerías, pharmacist and dermocosmetic vocalist of the Official Association of Pharmacists of Seville, explains what some of them are and how they can be treated:
The expert indicates that the hyperpigmentation of greater consultation in the community pharmacy is melasma, which usually affects the malar region, the upper lip, the chin and the forehead. “It is very common in young women who take or have taken oral contraceptives and during pregnancy, ” says Herrerías.
Regarding the treatment, insists on using sunscreen every morning combined with a depigmenting product at night and / or in the morning, according to skin tolerance. The depigmenting product can be found in different textures, according to the type of each skin.
The acne is an alteration in the production of sebum with proliferation of Propionibacterium acnes. This causes open and / or closed comedones to appear, as well as possible inflammatory lesions such as pustules, nodules, cysts or scars.
“The treatment of acne varies depending on the predominance of comedones or inflammatory lesions,” says Herrerías. “Azelaic acid or benzoyl peroxide are very useful in their approach in milder cases, unless medical treatment is required by medical prescription in moderate to severe cases.”
The most consulted pruritus lesions are insect bites or urticaria . In urticaria there are lesions called wheals with elevated edema that itch. “In the case of bites, the reaction is localized with itching in the form of an excoriated papule that can even form an ampoule,” says Herrerías.
In these cases, pharmacists usually recommend products that contain ammonia or calamine to alleviate the symptoms.
Burns are alterations or losses of substance of the corporal surface produced by the contact with different agents. They can be due to thermal, electrical or chemical agents. According to their depth they are classified in the first degree or epidermal, second degree or dermal, third degree or subdermal. “We will consider critical burns to those that affect the face, folds, hands, feet, external genitalia and circular burns in the limbs,” says the expert.
The burns should be cleaned with saline and as specified by Herrerías, in case they are first grade they will be treated with a reparative moisturizer with gotu kola to be applied two to three times a day. The second degree superficial and small, should be treated with a moist cure eliminating the skin of the blisters.
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