The best anti-wrinkle creams: what ingredients do they carry?
The formation of wrinkles is conditioned by individual genetic, nutritional and environmental factors, with the sun being the main cause of premature aging. To curb it, there are several ingredients in anti-wrinkle creams whose effectiveness has been scientifically proven. Among them, Gema Pérez and Manuel Ángel Rodríguez, dermatologists of the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology ( AEDV ), mention coenzyme Q10, retinoic acid, selenium, genistein, vitamins C and E, and alpha hydroxy acids . “All of them are ingredients that, in their proper concentrations, slow down the aging of the skin,” they say.
They are ingredients that act on fine wrinkles. According to Pérez and Rodríguez, its efficacy has been demonstrated in multiple clinical studies, noting that they not only improve the appearance of aged skin, but also reverse the aging process.
They warn that in the market there are other wrinkle creams that claim to reverse their appearance, but it is not proven. ” We advise the user to contrast the presence of the mentioned ingredients and, in case of doubt, to consult a professional.”
Retinoic acid and retinoids
“Retinoids stimulate the production of collagen and elastic fibers , replace damaged cells and reduce melanin production. They diminish the appearance of hyperpigmentation “.
Pérez and Rodríguez point out that retinoic acid is the most effective of all the ingredients . Marián García, doctor in Pharmacy, adds in her blog Boticaria García the property of antioxidant. Note that this compound has side effects: burning, peeling and dermatitis .
Therefore, ” is a product of medical prescription, ” dermatologists point out. They ensure that its composition must be balanced, with effective doses and in appropriate mixtures.
Coenzyme Q10 and vitamins C and E
In addition, vitamins C and E, genistein and coenzyme Q10 are powerful antioxidants, which achieve a reduction in oxidative stress. Rodríguez and Pérez explain that “their combination increases their power”.
Alpha hydroxy acids
The Alpha Hydroxy Acids “stimulate cell renewal and increase the thickness of the dermis through the synthesis of collagen and elastic fibers, achieving the improvement of tone, elasticity and wrinkles of the skin”.
On the other hand, although hyaluronic acid has been widely used as an anti-wrinkle, the AEDV experts do not talk about hyaluronic acid as a scientifically proven ingredient for this purpose. Yes it is useful as a moisturizer and restorative for the skin.
How to choose the best cream
When buying an anti-wrinkle cream you can find combinations of some of these ingredients, but not all. “Especially the retinoic acid, being of medical prescription”.
Eduardo Varas Meis and Manuel Ángel Rodríguez Prieto, from the AEDV, highlight the importance of knowing the characteristics of the skin in order to initiate an effective individualized treatment. “The existence of spots , wrinkles or dry skin are elements that will determine the use of one product or another.”
They also agree in always suggesting the use of anti-wrinkle creams bought in pharmacy, that show their composition and quality.
Together with these specific treatments, they insist on the need to combine them with:
• An adequate facial cleansing.
• Moisturizing creams to prevent the loss of water through the skin.
• A chemical or mechanical exfoliant . This cosmetic improves the luminosity by eliminating the outermost layers of the skin.
• A sunscreen to reduce the incidence of ultraviolet radiation.
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