Important Express Entry Immigration to Canada Facts You Should Keep in Mind
Getting an Express Entry Visa is one of the fastest ways of immigrating to Canada.
What is the Canada Express Entry program?
Different provinces in Canada are proactively looking for skilled professionals to grant PR visas.
To fill the gap, they have set up some provisions to expedite the approval and vetting process.
People who satisfy a set of criteria are granted an Express Entry visa, which is faster than other visa categories.
The Express Entry system is a part of the economic immigration program through which the Canadian government selects talented and suitable foreign skilled workers for the labour market that runs short of qualified personnel.
The program was initiated in 2015
Express Entry is an online system that you can use to submit your visa application as a skilled worker. Since it happens through the website, your application is received and processed faster compared to the usual route. It is claimed that 80% of the applications are processed in 6 months or less.
While applying for an Express Entry visa, you need to keep in mind that this is to facilitate the immigration of skilled and qualified workers to Canada who are most likely to succeed economically.
What are the benefits of applying for an Express Entry visa to Canada?
Aside from the fact that your visa is processed very fast and most of the paperwork is done online, some of the biggest benefits of applying for an Express Entry visa to Canada are
- You can immigrate to Canada faster
- You get connected to the employers in advance
- There is lesser paper work
If you want a permanent residence visa to Canada in the shortest possible time, then going the Express Entry system way is the best option for you.
Earlier it used to take over a year to get just your application processed.
Candidates who apply and get selected in the Express Entry system automatically become eligible to receive the Invitation to Apply for permanent residency in Canada.
Since it is a point-based system mostly operated by computers, there are no random hiccups. Everything happens fast and smoothly.
If you are qualified according to the criteria set by the system, there is little in the way of you getting your PR visa.
Another aspect that increases your chances of getting a PR visa through the Express Entry system is that 2017 onwards the IRCC (Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada) has significantly reduced the qualifying marks to enable more immigrants into Canada.
In many cases prospective employees from different Canadian provinces select candidates according to their requirements.
This makes sure that when you land in Canada, you already have an employer waiting for you and you simply have to join, totally eliminating uncertainty.
How does the Express Entry to Canada system work?
The Express Entry system or program uses a point-based system to automatically rank skilled and qualified prospective immigrants, in most of the cases, the most competitive ones.
The point-based system is called Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) and this ranking system is based on
- Language proficiency in English or French, or both
- Canadian work experience
People in the age group of 20-29 are preferred for the Express Entry program. If you have advanced proficiency in either English or French, this can be a great plus point.
Normally a set number of immigrants are cleared under this system. For example, for 2019, Canada is expected to grant Express Entry visas to high skilled workers to the tune of 81,400.
The selection of the candidates is based on a draw which is carried out every week.
The federal government sets the cut-off score (it can vary time-to-time) and candidates who have scored according to the Comprehensive Ranking System, higher than the cut-off, will be sent an official Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residency.
Once your eligibility is confirmed, your name is entered into the Express Entry pool. In total, there are 1200 points to be made and these points are divided among different sections to satisfy different criterion.
- Up to 500 points: You can accumulate these points for your age (preferably, 20-29 years), level of education, language proficiency and work experience. If your spouse or common-law partner is accompanying you, then your points get divided – you are attributed 460 points and your partner is attributed 40 points, for the same qualifying factors mentioned above. You get 80 points if you have one-year prior experience working in Canada.
- Up to 100 points: You can earn these points for the transferability of your skills. This means, if you can employ your skills in multiple fields without having to go through major training and skill upgradation, you get points for that.
- Up to 600 points: You get these points if an employer from Canada or one of the Canadian provinces shows a preference for you or for your qualifications and skill level. As you can see, the highest number of points is awarded to this category and hence, it can be very beneficial to you if you can get a recommendation certificate or a nomination directly from Canada.
How can you apply for Express Entry to Canada?
The first and the most important step is to find out whether you are eligible to apply for Express Entry to Canada or not.
As a side note, even if you find out that you’re not eligible for Express Entry to Canada, don’t worry, there are many ways you can get a PR visa for Canada and we have explained various options available to you in other sections on our website.
Under the Express Entry to Canada program, the following subcategories are available:
- Federal Skilled Worker Program
- Federal Skilled Trades Program
- Canadian Experience Class
- Provincial Nominee Program
Let’s quickly go through these subcategories.
Federal Skilled Worker Program
The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW) is for those people who are selected for immigration to Canada because of their previous work experience based on their skill.
The important thing is that you must get invitation from a Canadian federal agency or an employer to qualify for the Federal Skilled Worker Program.
If you haven’t got an invitation from a Canadian federal agency or a Canadian employer, then you should be enrolled into a Canadian PhD program or you should have completed your PhD degree from a university in Canada within the past 12 months.
You should also have a minimum of one-year experience in full-time work and this work experience must come under the Canadian National Occupation Classification which is “Managerial Occupation”, “Professional Occupation” or/and “Technical Occupations & Skilled Trades”.
You must have a higher proficiency in Canada’s two official languages (or one of them): English/French.
Since it is a skilled worker program, the number of points you need to gather is also a bit higher – 67/100.
Here are the benefits of getting your visa under the Federal Skilled Worker Program:
- You can work anywhere in Canada there are no boundary restrictions.
- Within 3 years you are eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship.
- Once you have become eligible, you get benefits like health care and education subsidies.
- You get access to all Canadian working sectors and this also includes benefits like pension and other claims without any restrictions.
Federal Skilled Trades Program
For the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTW), you need to be highly educated, but, as the name goes, you must be skilled in your trade.
The major trade groups include
- Industrial, electrical and construction trades
- Maintenance and equipment operation trades
- Supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture and related production
- Processing manufacturing supervisors and central control operators
This major group (Category A) also include the following occupations: carpenters, mechanics, machine operators, farmhands livestock workers, mineral and metal processes, plastic and rubber products manufacturing supervisors, power engineers and power systems operators, water and waste treatment plant operators, logging and forestry supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications contractors and supervisors, and many more.
This category normally has a cap of 100 applicants.
The minor trade groups include ironworkers, power system electricians, plumbers, gas fitters, crane operators, railway car men/women, water well drillers, heavy duty equipment mechanics, telecommunications line and cable workers, drillers and blasters for mining, quarrying and construction sites, petroleum, gas and chemical process operators, and many more.
Canadian Experience Class
Under this Express Entry subcategory, you can immigrate to Canada permanently if you have worked in Canada for at least one year. The government of Canada believes that if you have talent and use your talent to build the future of Canada, your effort must be recognised, and it should also be acknowledged that you have set down roots and are serious about becoming a Canadian resident.
One of the conditions for being eligible to the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is that you have obtained at least one year of skilled, professional or technical work experience within Canada in the past 36 months of your application date.
Depending on the level of the job, you must also need the Canada language benchmark of 5 (initial intermediate) or 7 (adequate intermediate proficiency).
This is applicable if you plan to live outside of Québec. If you want to work in Québec, you should apply for Québec Experience Class.
To be able to apply under this class, you may be staying in Canada at the time of the application process, you can also be outside of Canada, provided that you have had work experience within 3 years of the application.
If you have been studying in Canada as an international graduate student and while studying, you have also gotten work experience, then also you can the Canadian Experience Class.
Provincial Nominee Program
More than 200,000 people are expected to get permanent Canadian residency through one of the provincial nominee programs between 2019 and 2021.
With all the immigration programs, the provincial nominee program is one of the most prominent and preferred way of getting qualified and skilled immigrants to Canada.
Except for Nunavut and Québec, each province in Canada has its own unique Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).
This program allows Canadian provinces and territories to nominate individuals who are interested in immigrating to Canada for the sake of settling in one of these particular provinces.
Most of the provinces have their preferred streams associated with the federal express anti-selection system that can award a nominee 600 additional Comprehensive Ranking System points. The total points that you have to score are 1200. This shows what a significant impact the provincial nominee program can have on your immigration plans.
If you plan to apply for a permanent resident visa to Canadian under this program, it is advisable that you work with an experienced immigration consultant because every province and territory in Canada has its own unique provincial nominee program.
This reduces the chances of your application being rejected and increases the chances of you getting an invite from your preferred Canadian province.
The provincial nominee program from Ontario might be totally different from the provision of a program from British Columbia. The terms and conditions depend on the sort of skilled labour requirements that in their respective areas and the kind of expertise they are seeking.
The greatest benefit of applying for an Express Entry visa is that you can apply online.
Although you can also apply through the conventional paper route, but it takes lots of time and given the fact that digital applications are given a priority, there is also a chance that your application may be ignored by the officials.
As mentioned above, the best way to begin your application process is to whether you qualify for the Express Entry to Canada visa or not.
It just takes 10-15 minutes to fill out an online form through which you need to supply information pertaining to the following attributes:
- Language proficiency in English or French or both
- Family members
- Work experience
- Details of any job that you are being offered right now
Based on the information that you supply, we will let you know whether you are eligible for the Express Entry visa program or not, and if you’re eligible, we will also provide you a detailed list of instructions that you need to follow to increase your chances of success.
As mentioned, and explained above, under the Express Entry visa, the subcategories are Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program, Canadian Experience Class and Provincial Nominee Program.
We will give you the most appropriate subcategory to apply under to maximise your success rate.
After this, you will need to collect and submit all your documents including
- Passport and other travel -related documents
- Language test results – you will need to take an approved language test and we can direct you in the right direction for this
- Education certification credentials
- If you’re applying for the Federal Skilled Workers Program
- You want to use your educational credentials to score more points
- Your provincial nomination if you have any
- Your written job offer from a Canadian employer or federal agency, if you have any
Along with these, you may also have to submit the related police certificates, medical exams and the proof of your bank balance.
You will need to upload the above-mentioned documents using the link we will tell you.
Once you have submitted your documents and you have become eligible (from our site) for the Express Entry program, you will need to create your Express Entry profile.
You will get easy-to-follow instructions using which you will have to create your profile. If you have a personal reference code, you can enter that (if you have already registered and received the code).
While creating your Express Entry profile, you will need to submit all the information that is needed to decide whether you should get an Express Entry visa under the subcategories mentioned above or not.
You can leave the web page whenever you feel like and your information will be saved, and you can resume whenever you feel like.
After getting the initial invitation, you have 60 days to complete and submit your Express Entry profile. Up to 60 days, you may have to restart the entire process.
Once you have submitted your profile it will be analysed, and you will be informed under which Express Entry category you are eligible for a permanent residency visa.
How long does it take for Express Entry to Canada?
The Express Entry visa is known for its promptness. Whereas, the usual reasons take more than 12 months, the Express Entry visa, provided there is no problem on both the ends, is completed in 6 months or less.
Our experience is that the time for clearance of your Express Entry also depends on your CRS score.
What are the minimum points that you need for Express Entry to Canada?
You get your Invitation to Apply (ITA) according to the CRS points that you get. Out of 100, the minimum that you have to score a 67.
You need to score points at two stages. One stage is the CRS points just mentioned above that can be obtained after submitting your basic information like age, language proficiency, etc.
The other stage is the Express Entry pool where all the qualifying candidates are added. In this pool, the total points are 1200 and the more points you get, the greater are your chances of getting the visa.
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