The IRS has published Rev. Proc. 2016-55 and the federal estate and gift tax limits for 2017. For 2017, the credit against federal estate tax (federal exclusion amount) is increased to $5,490,000. For an individual who passes away during 2017, no federal estate tax will be imposed if his or her gross estate is less than $5,490,000. For a married couple (including a same-sex couple) the federal exclusion amount is $10,980,000. For 2017, the federal gift tax limit of $14,000 remains in place. This allows an individual to gift up to $14,000 in 2017, to any individual without being required to report the gift to the IRS or utilizing a portion of their lifetime gift tax exemption (also $5,490,000). Spouses can make a joint gift of $28,000 without being required to report the gift to the IRS or utilizing a portion of their lifetime gift tax exemption. The federal gift tax limit does not apply to gifts between spouses. However, if the gift is made to a spouse who is not a United States citizen, the first $149,000 of gifts are not included in the total amount of taxable gifts that must be reported to the IRS. In addition, the federal gift tax limitation does not apply to qualified gifts paid on behalf of another individual directly to a college or university or for medical purposes.