Here are 50 newsworthy anniversaries coming up in July 2016 for you to write about (and make money from). The anniversaries are listed 6 months in advance to give you enough time to find markets, and research and write your articles.
We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.
The listing below is a small sample of the entries for July from The Date-A-Base Book 2016. There are 317 anniversaries for July in the book, which covers the whole of 2016 from January to December and features more than 3,450 anniversaries in total.
Just one published article should cover the cost of your copy many times over.
If you need to work further ahead, The Date-A-Base Book 2017 is also available.
800 years ago (16 Jul 1216)
Death of Pope Innocent III, succeeded by Honorius III
250 years ago (8 Jul 1766)
Birth of Dominique Jean Larrey, Baron Larrey, innovative French military surgeon during the Napoleonic Wars. He introduced mobile field hospitals and an army ambulance corps, used carriages to rapidly transport wounded soldiers from the battlefield, manned the carriages with trained personnel, and introduced a triage system so that the most seriously injured were treated first.
200 years ago (7 Jul 1816)
Death of Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish-born playwright, poet, theatrical impresario and politician. Owner of the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane in London. Best known for his play The School for Scandal.
200 years ago (9 Jul 1816)
Argentina declared its independence from Spain.
200 years ago (14 Jul 1816)
Death of Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan revolutionary who paved the way for the independence of the Spanish-American colonies. His own plans failed, but those who followed him &endash; most notably Simón Bolívar – were more effective.
200 years ago (21 Jul 1816)
Birth of Paul Julius Reuter, Baron von Reuter, German-born British journalist and media owner who pioneered the use of the electric telegraph in news-gathering and dissemination. Founder of Reuters news agency.
150 years ago (3 Jul 1866)
Austro-Prussian War – the Battle of Königgratz. Prussian victory. This was the decisive battle of the war.
150 years ago (20 Jul 1866)
Death of Bernhard Riemann, influential German mathematician whose contributions to analysis, number theory and differential geometry laid the mathematical foundation for Einstein’s theory of relativity.
150 years ago (24 Jul 1866)
Tennessee became the first U.S. state to rejoin the Union following the American Civil War. (It had also been the last to secede.)
150 years ago (25 Jul 1866)
Ulysses S. Grant (later U.S. President) became the first General of the Army of the United States. (This rank is now called 5-star general.)
150 years ago (27 Jul 1866)
The first successful telegraph cable was laid across the Atlantic Ocean between Valentia, Ireland and Heart’s Content, Newfoundland. (The first cable, laid in 1858, failed after only a few weeks when attempts to send higher voltages through it melted the insulation. A second attempt in 1865 failed when the cable broke and the end was lost – it was found later in 1866 and spliced to a new cable, but was never as good as the 1866 cable.)
150 years ago (28 Jul 1866)
The Metric Act of 1866 came into effect in the USA, authorising the use of the metric system. (In December 1975 the U.S. Congress passed the Metric Conversion Act, making the metric system the preferred system for weights and measures in trade and commerce – though customary units were still permitted.)
150 years ago (28 Jul 1866)
Birth of Beatrix Potter, British children’s writer and illustrator who created enduring animal characters including Peter Rabbit, Squirrel Nutkin, Mrs. Tiggy-Winkle, Jemima Puddle-Duck and many others.
100 years ago (1 Jul – 18 Nov 1916)
World War I – the Battle of the Somme (France). Result: inconclusive. This was the first battle to use tanks.
100 years ago (4 Jul 1916)
Birth of Tokyo Rose (Iva Toguri D’Aquino), American broadcaster of Japanese propaganda to Allied troops stationed in the South Pacific during WWII. (She was later convicted of treason and served 6 years in prison.)
100 years ago (8 Jul 1916)
Coca-Cola introduced its iconic contoured bottle.
100 years ago (9 Jul 1916)
Birth of Sir Edward Heath, British Prime Minister (1970–74).
100 years ago (15 Jul 1916)
The Boeing Company was founded in the USA (as Pacific Aero Products).
80 years ago (17 Jul 1936 – 1 Apr 1939)
The Spanish Civil War. Nationalist victory.
80 years ago (24 Jul 1936)
The speaking clock telephone service was launched in the UK. (The world’s first speaking clock service began in France in Feb 1933.)
75 years ago (1 Jul 1941)
Commercial broadcasting was legalised in the USA. NBC and CBS both launched their television services. NBC beat CBS onto the air by 1 hour, becoming the first commercial TV station in the USA. NBC was also the first to broadcast a TV commercial (for Bulova watches). The USA also formally adopted the NTSC standard on this day.
75 years ago (6 Jul – 5 Aug 1941)
World War II – Operation Barbarossa – the Battle of Smolensk. The first major battle during the German invasion of the Soviet Union. German victory, but the two-month delay it caused would prove costly later, since Hitler had assumed the operation would be over quickly and had not prepared for a winter war. (By the end of November, Germany had lost nearly a quarter of its forces, and supplies and ammunition were running low.)
75 years ago (10 Jul 1941)
Death of Jelly Roll Morton, American ragtime and jazz pianist and composer.
75 years ago (12 Jul 1941)
World War II: the Anglo-Soviet Agreement was signed by Britain and the Soviet Union, establishing a formal military alliance against Germany. They agreed to assist each other and not make separate peace deals with Germany.
75 years ago (19 or 20 Jul 1941)
World War II: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill launched his ‘V for Victory’ campaign.
75 years ago (20 Jul 1941)
Death of Lew Fields, American actor, comedian, vaudeville star and theatrical producer. Noted for his partnership with Joe Weber (Weber and Fields) – they performed slapstick routines in a fake Dutch dialect.
60 years ago (26 Jul 1956)
Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalised the Suez Canal, froze the assets of the Suez Canal Company and closed the canal to Israeli shipping, after the USA refused to finance the Aswan High Dam. (This sparked international condemnation and led to the Suez Crisis in October.)
60 years ago (30 Jul 1956)
‘In God We Trust’ was officially adopted as the U.S. national motto.
50 years ago (1 Jul 1966)
The Medicare health insurance programme began operating in the USA. It offered health insurance to those aged 65 and older.
50 years ago (2 Jul 1966)
France carried out its first nuclear test in the Pacific, at Moruroa Atoll (also spelled Mururoa), French Polynesia. (The bomb was codenamed Aldébaran.)
50 years ago (18 Jul 1966)
NASA launched its Gemini 10 manned spacecraft, with astronauts John W. Young and Michael Collins on board. It returned safely to Earth 3 days later, having made 43 orbits.
50 years ago (23 Jul 1966)
Death of Montgomery Clift, American stage and film actor. Noted for his emotional depth and sense of vulnerability in films such as Red River, A Place in the Sun, I Confess, From Here to Eternity, The Young Lions and The Misfits.
50 years ago (30 Jul 1966)
The 1966 FIFA World Cup final was played in London. England beat Germany 4–2. English player Geoff Hurst became the only man to score a hat-trick in a World Cup final. (At the time of writing this remains England’s only World Cup win.)
40 years ago (1 Jul 1976)
The first Apple computer, the Apple I, went on sale (for $666.66). Buyers received a single circuit board and had to provide (or build) their own case, power supply, keyboard, TV (for display) and a cassette recorder (for storage – though this required an add-on interface, sold separately). About 200 were built, of which about 175 were sold.
40 years ago (2 Jul 1976)
North Vietnam and South Vietnam were reunited as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, with Hanoi as its capital. (Hanoi was formerly the capital of North Vietnam.)
40 years ago (10 Jul 1976)
Seveso disaster, northern Italy. An industrial accident at a chemical plant released a cloud of dioxins into residential areas, affecting around 120,000 people. 3,300 farm animals died and a further 80,000 were slaughtered. Some people suffered long-term health issues.
40 years ago (20 Jul 1976)
NASA’s Viking 1 lander successfully landed on Mars and sent back the first photo taken from the surface of Mars.
40 years ago (21 – 23 Jul 1976)
Legionnaire’s Disease: the American Legion held its annual convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Within a week, 25 attendees had died from the first recognised cases of Legionnaire’s Disease. In total, 221 attendees contracted the disease and 34 of them died (some sources give different figures). The new bacterium was discovered in the hotel’s air conditioning system and named Legionella after its first victims.
40 years ago (28 Jul 1976)
Tangshan earthquake, China. More than 240,000 people were killed (some sources claim at least 650,000, as the official figure only included those in the immediate area). Going by the larger estimate, it was the world’s worst earthquake of the 20th century (by death toll) and the second-worst in recorded history.
40 years ago (28 Jul 1976)
The official world airspeed record was broken by Captain Eldon W. Joersz and Major George T. Morgan in a Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird at Beale Air Force Base, California, USA. The record of 2,193.2 mph (3,529.6 km/h) still stands.
30 years ago (23 Jul 1986)
Britain’s Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson in Westminster Abbey, London, and they became the Duke and Duchess of York.
30 years ago (28 Jul 1986)
British estate agent Suzy Lamplugh failed to return from an appointment in London, sparking the biggest missing person investigation since Lord Lucan. She has never been found.
25 years ago (1 Jul 1991)
Death of Michael Landon, American television actor, director and producer (Bonanza, Little House on the Prairie, Highway to Heaven).
25 years ago (2 Jul 1991)
Death of Lee Remick, American film and television actress.
25 years ago (5 Jul 1991)
International regulators shut down the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) due to money-laundering and other financial crimes.
25 years ago (10 Jul 1991)
Boris Yeltsin was sworn in as the first directly elected President of Russia.
25 years ago (22 Jul 1991)
British Prime Minister John Major launched the Citizen’s Charter, which aimed to measure, improve and maintain the standard of public services.
20 years ago (5 Jul 1996)
Birth of Dolly the sheep, the world’s first cloned mammal. (Died 2003.)
20 years ago (27 Jul 1996)
A bomb exploded in Centennial Olympic Park, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, during the Olympic Games. 2 people were killed and over 100 injured.
10 years ago (15 Jul 2006)
Twitter, the online micro-blogging service, was publicly launched.
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