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Independent and Dependent Clauses | English Grammar Book

A Clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. A clause can be a Complete or incomplete thought. A complete thought is called an "independent clause". Independent clauses are complete sentences. An incomplete thought is called a "dependent clause". Dependent clauses are not complete sentences.

Independent Clauses

An independent clause contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. It is independent and can stand alone as a complete sentence.
  • The kids walk to school.
  • Sean lives in a house.
  • The dog sees a bone.
  • Maria speaks Spanish.
  • The children play in the park.

Dependent Clauses

A dependent clause contains a subject and a verb but it does not express a complete thought. It is dependent on a main clause and cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. Dependent clauses start with a subordinate conjunction.
  • When kids walk to school
  • Where Sean lives
  • Because the dog sees a bone
  • But Maria speaks Spanish
  • As the children play in the park


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Independent and Dependent Clauses | English Grammar Book

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