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Phrase: Verbs Followed by Either Gerunds or Nouns + Infinitives

Gerunds are Verbs that end in "-ing". They should not be confused with present participles. Although present participles are Verb Forms that end in "-ing", they are active action words that are happening right now. Gerunds are verb forms that act as nouns in a sentence with no reference to time. Infinitives are verbs combined with the word "to": to see, to run, to start, etc.

Verbs Followed by Gerunds

When a gerund follows a verb, it is acting as a noun form.


  • The beach allows swimming at night.
  • My doctor encourages exercising a few times a week.
  • The bathroom needs cleaning.
  • We prefer staying in a hotel.
  • This school requires passing an ESL test.

Verbs Followed by Noun + Infinitives

VerbsNouns + Infinitives
AllowPeople to swim
EncourageOur family to exercise
NeedSomeone to clean
PreferOur friends to stay
RequireStudents to pass

  • The beach allows people to swim at night.
  • My doctor encourages our family to exercise a few times a week.
  • The bathroom needs someone to clean it.
  • We prefer our friends to stay in a hotel.
  • This school requires students to pass an ESL test.

VerbsGerundsNouns + Infinitives
AllowSwimmingPeople to swim
EncourageExercisingOur family to exercise
NeedCleaningSomeone to clean
PreferStayingOur friends to stay
RequirePassingStudents to pass

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Phrase: Verbs Followed by Either Gerunds or Nouns + Infinitives


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