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Dwarka – The Ancient Sacred City and The Dwelling Place of Lord Krishna

Dwarka:

Dwarka the ancient city is considered to be the dwelling place of Lord Krishna. Dwarka is a religious hub and architectural ancient city. The city is located in the State of Gujarat. Dwarka also known as Dvaravati is a sacred city in Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism. It is one of the four most holy sites of Hindu called the Char Dham.

The city in the West along with Badrinath in the North, Puri in the East and Rameshwaram in the South is a must visit pilgrimage for all devotees Hindus. It is also the seventh sacred city along with Ajodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Varanasi, Kanchipuram, and Ujjain.It is known as “Mokshada” meaning ‘Bestower of Liberation’.

The city has a mystical, mythical, historical and archeological value that attracts people of diverse interests.  Mythologically, Dwarka – or Dvaravati as it is known in Sanskrit – was the site chosen by Garuda, the Divine Eagle, who brought Krishna here when he departed Mathura. Lord Krishna founded the beautiful city and lived there the remaining years of his life until he died (according to legend) in 3102 BC.

The Dwarka temple is made of limestone and sand and is said to have been destroyed six times by the sea and then tirelessly rebuilt. Dwarka is derived from two words – “Dwar” meaning “Door” and “Ka” refers to “Lord Brahma”. Therefore it means Gateway to Moksha or Door to Heaven. Dwarkadhish the original temple was built 2500 years ago over the hari-griha (Lord Krishna’s residential place).

The main temple at Dwarka is known as Jagat Mandir (Universal Shrine) or Trilok Sundar. It has a magnificent structure seeming to rise from waters of the Arabian Sea. The five-storey high temple is built on seventy-two pillars and has a temple spire that towers 78.3m into the sky. From the temple dome waves eighty-four feet long multicolored flag decorated with the symbols of the sun and moon. There are two entrances to the temple – the main entrance (north entrance) is called “Moksha Dwara” (Door to Salvation). The south entrance is called “Swarga Dwara” (Gate to Heaven) which has 56 steps that lead to the Gomati River.

Today, the present Dwarka is one of the notable historical and religious sites. It is believed that Mirabai, Lord Krishna’s devoted follower, merged with his idol in this temple. Every year during Janmashtami (the anniversary of Krishna’s birth), thousands of devotees from all over the world come here to take part in this festival.

How to Reach:

By Air: Nearest airport is Jamnagar, connected to all major cities.

By Train: Dwarka is a railway station on the Ahmadabad-Okha broad gauge railway line, with trains connecting it to Jamnagar, Rajkot, and Ahmadabad.

By Road: This temple is on the state highway from Jamnagar to Dwarka.

The post Dwarka – The Ancient Sacred City and The Dwelling Place of Lord Krishna appeared first on History in India is an online blogging site..



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