Battles of Panipat:
Panipat Battles are very interesting incidents in Indian history. Battles of Panipat (1526, 1556, and 1761) very important in the history of northern India fought at Panipat. Panipat was one of the five cities (prasthas) founded by the Pandava brothers during the times of the Mahabharata; its historic name being Panduprastha. Panipat was the place where three battles are happening in Indian history.
First Panipat Battle (April 21, 1526): The first Panipat battle was fought between the Mughal empire chief Babur and sultan Ibrahim Lodhi of Delhi. Babur’s force defeated Ibrahim’s much larger force of over one lakh (one hundred thousand) soldiers. This First battle of Panipat thus ended the ‘Lodi Rule’ established by Bahlul Lodhi in India. It was the oldest Indian battles to have used gunpowder firearms and field artillery.
Second Panipat Battle (November 5, 1556): The second Panipat battle was fought on 5 November 1556 between the forces of Akbar and Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, a King of North India, who belonged to Rewari in Haryana and had captured the large states of Agra and Delhi defeating Akbar’s forces. The battle was fought at Panipat with strong competitors on both sides. Hemu had a large army along with 1500 War elephants. Hemu was struck with an arrow in his eye and subsequently, the army got panicked seeing their unconscious leader. The battle concluded with Mughals crowned with victory.
Third Panipat Battle (January 14, 1761): The third Panipat battle was fought between the Afghan invader Ahmad Shah Abdali and the Marathas under Sadashivrao Bhau Peshwa of Pune. The battle was significant as it marked the end of Maratha dominance in India. The war led to a power vacuum which later led to the British conquest of India. The battle lasted for two months which ultimately resulted in the defeat of Marathas and end of their dominance in India. This began 40 years of anarchy in northwestern India and cleared the way for later British supremacy.
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