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What are the Principles of English Grammar Translation Method
Read the passage,  and then answer the questions based on it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.

Once upon a time I went for a week’s holiday in the Continent with an Indian friend. We both
enjoyed ourselves and were sorry when the week was over, but on parting our behavior was absolutely different. He was plunged in despair. He felt that because the holiday was over all happiness was over until the world ended. He could not express his sorrow too much. But in me the Englishman came out strong. I could not see what there was to make a fuss about. It wasn’t as if we were parting forever or dying. “Buck up”, I said, “do buck up”. He refused to buck up, and I left him plunged in gloom.

1. What is the Continent in the context of the passage ?
a) An island
b) The countryside
c) Africa
d) Europe

2. What does the author mean by ‘buck up’ ?
a) Buckle yourself up
b) Stand up
c) Cheer up
d) Shut up

3. Why was the Indian friend plunged in despair?
a) He was hopeless
b) He experienced racial discrimination
c) He would never be so happy again
d) He had spent lot of money

4. What does ‘But in me the Englishman came out strong’ imply ?
a) He was a strong Englishman
b) He had the typical English character
c) The Englishman went out of him
d) He started following Indian traditions

5. What is the author’s intention in the passage?
a) To contrast the Indian character with the English character
b) To show that an Indian is sorrowful
c) To ridicule the Indian traditions
d) To praise the Englishman

In the following questions four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase italicized and underlined in the sentence. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of idiom/phrase.

6. He passed himself off as a noble man.
a) Was regarded as
b) Pretended to be
c) Was thought to be
d) Was looked upon

7. This matter has been hanging fire for the last many months and must therefore be decided one way or the other.
a) going on slowly
b) hotly debated
c) stuck up
d) ignored

8. In the armed forces, it is considered a great privilege to die in harness.
a) die on a horse back
b) die in the battlefield
c) die while still working
d) die with honour

In questions given below out of four alternatives, choose the one which can be substituted for the given word/ sentence.

9. That which cannot be corrected
a) Unintelligible
b) Indelible
c) Illegible
d) Incorrigible

10. The study of ancient societies
a) Anthropology
b) Archaeology
c) History
d) Ethnology

11. A person of good understanding knowledge and reasoning power
a) Expert
b) Intellectual
c) Snob
d) Literate

Look at the underlined part of each sentence. Below each sentence,
three possible substitutions for the underlined part are given. If one of them (i.e.,) (a), (b) or (c) is better than the underlined part, indicate your response on the Answer Sheet against the corresponding letter (a), (b) or (c). If none of the substitutions improves the sentence, indicate (d) as your response on the Answer Sheet. Thus, ‘No improvement’ response will be signified by the letter (d).

12. The accused refused having murdered anybody.
a) disagreed
b) denied
c) declaimed
d) No improvement

13. We need honest workers, not people of redoubtable integrity.
a) doubting
b) doubtful
c) doubtless
d) No improvement

14. By the time he arrived, everybody had gone home.
a) when he arrived
b) at which he arrived
c) by which he arrived
d) No improvement

Each of the following items is followed by four words or group of words. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word or group of words.
15. The prisoner showed no _________ for his crimes.
a) hatred
b) obstinacy
c) remorse
d) anger

16. It is inconceivable that in many schools children are subjected to physical _________ in the name of discipline.
a) violation
b) exercise
c) violence
d) security

17. We have not yet fully realised the _________consequences of the war.
a) happy
b) pleasing
c) grim
d) exciting

Each question below consists of a word in Capital Letters followed by four words or group of words. Select the word or group of words that is most similar in meaning to the words in capital letters.

a) To groom
b) To gather bit by bit
c) To discover
d) To polish

a) Considerate
b) Strong
c) Sharp
d) Pertaining to the organs of touch

Each questions below consists of a word in capital letters followed by four words or group of words. Select the word or group of words that is most opposite in meaning to the words in capital letters.

a) Discount
b) Disrespectful
c) Preconception
d) Acute

a) Unfriendly
b) Uneasy
c) Unheard of
d) Inappropriate

22. Find the correctly spelt words.
a) Excessive
b) Exccessive
c) Exxcesive
d) Excesive

23.  Find the correctly spelt words.
a) Indipensable
b) Indipenseble
c) Indispansible
d) Indispensable

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