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Haveli (Hindi: हवेली, Urdu: حویلی) Architecture - Mughal Havelis

Haveli (Hindi: हवेली, Urdu: حویلی) is the term used for a private mansion in India and Pakistan. The word Haveli is derived from the Persian word hawli, meaning "an enclosed place". They share similar features with other mansions derived from Islamic Architecture such as the traditional mansions in Morocco called Riads
CARVING ON HAVELI-Neasden Temple - Shree Swaminarayan Mandir
Mughal Havelis
Many of the Havelis of India and Pakistan were influenced by Islamic Persian, Central Asian and Indian architecture. They usually contain a courtyard often with a fountain in the centre. The old cities of in Agra, Lucknow and Delhi in India and Lahore, Multan, Peshawar, Hyderabad in Pakistan have many fine examples of Mughal-style havelis.
Haveli,multi-function cultural centre at Neasden Temple, London

Rajasthani Havelis
The term Haveli was first applied in Rajasthan by the Vaishnava sect to refer to their temples in Gujarat. In the northern part of India havelis for Lord Krishna are prevalent with huge mansion like constructions. The havelis are noted for their frescoes depicting images of gods, goddesses, animals, scenes from the British colonization, and the life stories of Lords Rama and Krishna.
udaipur haveli architecture
Later on these temple architectures and frescoes were imitated while building huge individual mansions and now the word is popularly recognized with the mansions themselves. Between 1830 and 1930, Marwari's erected [1] buildings in their homeland, Shekhawati and Marwar. These buildings were called havelis. The Marwaris commissioned artists to paint those buildings which were heavily influenced by the Mughal architecture.
Pigeons on Art
The havelis were status symbols for the Marwaris as well as homes for their extended families, providing security and comfort in seclusion from the outside world. The havelis were to be closed from all sides with one large main gate.
Sati Hands
The typical havelis in Shekhawati consisted of two courtyards — an outer one for the men which serves as an extended threshold, and the inner one, the domain of the women. The largest havelis could have up to three or four courtyards and were two to three stories high. Most of the havelis are empty nowadays or are maintained by a watchman (typically an old man). These havelis are major attraction for tourists in Rajasthan.
The towns and villages of Shekhawati are famous for the embellished frescoes on the walls of their grandiose havelis, to the point of becoming popular tourist attractions.
Jaisalmer, India --- Man at Patwon ki Haveli
The havelis in and around Jaisalmer Fort(also known as the Golden Fort), situated in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, of which the three most impressive are Patwon Ki Haveli, Salim Singh Ki Haveli, and Nathmal-Ki Haveli, deserve special mention. These were the elaborate homes of Jaisalmer's rich merchants. 

Detail Havel iFacade
The ostentatious carvings etched out in sandstone with infinite detail and then painstakingly pieced together in different patterns each more lavish than the next were commissioned to put on show the owner's status and wealth. Around Jaisalmer, they are typically carved from yellow sandstone.They are often characterized by wall paintings, frescoes, jharokhas (balconies) and archways.
A superbly crafted balcony in Patwon ki Haveli
The Patwon Ji ki Haveli is the most important and the largest haveli, as it was the very first erected in Jaisalmer. It is not a single haveli but a cluster of 5 small havelis. The first one in the row is also the most popular one and is also known as Kothari's Patwa Haveli. 
Nathmalji ki Haveli, Jaisalmer
The first among these was commissioned and constructed in the year 1805 by Guman Chand Patwa, then a rich trader of jewellery and fine brocades, and is the biggest and the most ostentatious. Patwa was a rich man and a renowned trader of his time and he could afford and thus order the construction of separate stories for each of his 5 sons. 
The beautiful sandstone mansions of Jaisalmer's wealthy merchants are known as 'havelis'. Their elaborate homes are a poem etched out in sandstone with infinite details and pains, carved and pieced together in different patterns, and though they are lavish and loud in nature, there is a perfect harmony that characterizes them and they are a treat for the eyes of the beholder.

The above pic shows a glance at area of Patwon Ki Haveli, Jaisalmer.
These were completed in the span of 50 years. All five houses were constructed in the first 60 years of the 19th century.[4] Patwon Ji Ki is renowned for its ornate wall paintings, intricate yellow sandstone-carved jharokhas (balconies), gateways and archways. Although the building itself is made from yellow sandstone, the main gateway is brown.
CARVING ON HAVELI-Neasden Temple - Shree Swaminarayan Mandir
Famous Havelis of Udaipur- Among the several Havelis in Udaipur, some of them are
1. Amet-ki-Haveli,
2. Badnor-ki-Haveli,
3. Bagore-ki-Haveli,
4. Banera-ki-Haveli,
5. Bansi-ki-Haveli,
6. Bara Purohit-ki-Haveli,
7. Bohera-ki-Haveli,
8. Delwara-ki-Haveli,
9. Deogadh-ki-Haveli,
10. Dhabai-ki-Haveli,
11. Kanor-ki-Haveli,
12. Karjali-ki-Haveli,
13. Mamaji-ki-Haveli,
14. Mataji-ki-Haveli,
15. Salumbar-ki-Haveli,
16. Sardargarh-ki-Haveli.

Famous Havelis of Pakistan
1. Mubarak Haveli in Lahore
2. Haveli Asif Jah in Lahore
3. Haveli Wajid Ali Shah in Lahore
4. Choona Mandi Haveli in Lahore
5. Haveli Nau Nihal Singh in Lahore
6. Haveli Barood Khana in Lahore
7. Lal Haveli or Chandu Di Haveli in Lahore
8. Haveli Man Singh in Jhelum
9. Lal Haveli in Rawalpindi
10. Saad Manzil in Kamalia
11. Khan Club in Peshawar

This post first appeared on Namaste Kadapa, please read the originial post: here

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Haveli (Hindi: हवेली, Urdu: حویلی) Architecture - Mughal Havelis


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