Earthmoving Equipment is referred to heavy construction equipment specially designed to move huge amounts of earth or to dig foundation and landscape areas of road, metros, bridges, airports, commercial and residential building and other.
The Earthmoving Construction Equipment (ECE) comprises over 60 percent of total market share of construction equipment industry, which indicate the importance of Earthmoving Equipment in Civil engineering field. As per the report of Global Market Insights, Inc. the global Earthmoving Equipment market size was USD 104.97 billion in 2015 with revenue and projected to be USD 192.45 billion by 2023 at a CAGR of 7.9 percent.
Due to increasing transport infrastructure development across the globe including India, the ECE market would drive between 2016 and 2023 and also get a boost due to favorable government initiatives. In India, the government has made various policy changes and investment commitment to improve the country’s infrastructure. India will invest huge money in roads, metros, aviation, ports, railways, urban development through ‘Smart cities’ initiative and housing projects for urban poor in next few years, which would drive the Earthmoving Equipment market of the country.
In this article, we will look at the major earthmoving equipment used in the civil engineering field, discuss the overview of five machines, which help you to understand, why such machines comprise the 60 percent of the market share.
Excavator is the most versatile construction equipment in civil engineering field. It is used for digging holes, foundation and trenches, dragging and lifting lots of materials away or towards specific place and also used for demolition. It comes in three different sizes, like mini- excavator, medium- excavator and large- excavator and each machine are designed for different types of the projects, for example, the large-excavator used for big projects and vice versa.
Global market research company ‘Research and Markets’ said in its one of the report that the Indian excavator market is to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.86 percent over the period between 2014 and 2019, which shows the demand excavators in the country.
The major manufacturers of the Excavators are Volvo CE, Tata Hitachi, Caterpillar, Komatsu, Hyundai and others.
2:- Backhoe Loaders
This is one of the versatile earthmoving equipment, this multipurpose equipment is also known as digger or simply backhoe. This unique construction equipment has a combination of three tools and each tool associated with this machine has a different function at construction sites. The machine used for small demolition, digging holes, paving roads, breaking asphalt, laying pipes, setting up drainage system, transport heavy items; it is capable enough to perform various other tasks.
According to Off-Highway Research, Backhoe loader sales are expected to increase by over 32 percent in the next 5 years on the back of investment in infrastructure by the Indian government. The leading manufacturers of Backhoe loaders are, JCB, Caterpillar, Tata Hitachi, Volvo, Mahindra, Terex, John Deere, Komatsu, SANY and others.
3:- Motor Graders
Motor Grader is also known as Grader or Road grader, it is one of the important Earthmoving equipment is used to create a flat surface during road construction process. Its long blade helps in creating a flat surface during the grading process of road construction. It’s generally used for construction and maintenance of gravel road and dirt roads. While building paved roads, it is used to prepare the base course to create a wide flat surface on which asphalt is placed. The machine consists of three axles, engine and cab.
The grader is also consists work, include, Leveling of soil, Spreading of soil & aggregates etc, Trenching, land grading, moving earth from one place to another, Ditching and various other tasks.
The leading Manufacturers of Motor Graders are Komatsu, Volvo, Caterpillar, Terex and Leeboy.
Bulldozer is also known as Dozer, it is said to be one of the most heavy-duty and powerful construction machine in the market. It is equipped with big Blade on the front of the machine used for pushing huge amounts of soil, rubble, sand or other material at construction sites and Ripper at the back of the machine, it is used for breaking top layer of any hard ground into rubble.
This powerful construction equipment used for road building, land clearing, mining and other construction works. It is the best choice for shifting huge amounts of dirt on construction sites.
5:- Skid Steer Loaders
Skid steer loader is one the most compact, rigid and powerful earthmoving equipment and can be used for a wide range of works. The front bucket of the Skid steers loader can be replaced with multiple labor-saving attachments, such as hydraulic breaker, auger, snow blower, pallet booms and other to complete different tasks in construction field.
It comes in three different categories, small-frame, medium-frame and large-frame, all the sizes used depending on the project size. The leading manufacturers of Skid steer loaders are JCB, Terex, John Deere, SANY, Volvo, Komatsu and other.