Child Labour signify to put the minor children to manual work to obtain for themselves and sometimes for their families at the expense of their future, education, health and comfort of life. Child labour is in full be pedent in developing and poor countries like Pakistan. Although UNO and ILO have put a prohibit on child labour, yet children ranging form five to fourteen can be seen doing all types of manual and minor work. Even children below five can also be seen doing manual work. industrial units, workshops, departmental stores, hotels, mechanic-shops, brick-kilns, carpet factories, canteens, fruit shops are common scenes of child labour.
There are different factors behind child labour in countries like pakistan. First, increasing poverty, burden of large families. massive unemployment, expensive education and insecure future force people to send their children to do some work, learn some skill and earn not only for themselves but also for their large families. Secondly, addicted parents force their children to labour. thirdly, apathy of the government in respect of checking child labour is a big contributing factor, beside, child labour is thriving because employers think that the children can be easily managed, controlled, coerced, black mailed, befouled and exploited.
Despite child labour seems dangerous to some people, it causes big loss to individual and community and society. First of all it expropriate a child of his real right of enjoying himself with the greatness of life as well as growing as a beneficial member of society. The distinction of educated and uneducated, skills and unskilled is self confirmation. Then reasons the loss of effective and useful generation. The craves of government to achieve 100% literacy will remain uncompleted. Moreover many children are punished utilize poor paid and even sexually assaulted, very often they are unwillingly forced to work like domestic helpers in the employers houses. They are stunt in the name of teaching and training.
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