When we talk about higher education, recent studies prove that engagement of students is the most important and effective means of Learning and outperforming lectures. According to the study of over 2000 university classes in the department of science, technology, engineering, and math, Where approximately 550 faculty members were observed during teaching over 700 courses 25 institutions across America and Canada were found that 55% of faculty members were using the traditional teaching techniques. And 18% follow Student-centered style of teaching with focusing on the group work and discussions.
Research result has showed that engagement strategies for students improve the student’s way of learning and attitudes towards learning. Engagement of students in studies is recognized as a key element in students learning and achievements. And it was identified by the American National Research Council in 2003, as a critical goal of national improvement effort.
What is meant by Student Engagement?
The NSSE (national study of Student Engagement), an annual analysis about the engagement of students in university of America measures and defines it as:
Student engagement represents the two critical features of their college such as: how much time and effort students put in their studies and in other educational activities. And also, how the educational organizations and institutes arrange its resources and organize the curriculum and other learning based opportunities for the students to take part in that learning activities.
Engagement of the students also refers to the degree of attention, curiosity, involvement, and passion is displayed during learning, which improves the involvement of students to learn and retain and also their precedence and enjoyment in finishing their assignments.
If student engagement is proving more beneficial and effective, then why it is poorly adopted? One highlighted reason by Nebraska study is less trained faculty in the skills are required to use the innovative strategies that improves the engagement of the students such as: Smaller class size, Open classroom layouts, and other methods to minimize dependency on traditional teaching methods. Teachers can monitor every activity of their students with the proper use of technology and can also manage their teaching strategies with respect to time with different time counters.
Innovative teaching strategies:
Inquiry based learning:
Inquiry based learning methods are the approach to increases the student’s role in the process of learning. Rather teachers guide their students about what they need to know, students are encouraged to explore and research the educational materials, asks questions, and share brilliant ideas. Inquiry based learning is based on different approaches like small group discussions, and guideline learning.
Flipping the classroom:
In this strategy, the class time is organized to traditional lectures and foster inquiry, application, and assessment to engage the students in a better way. Students study from the material outside of class by reading, watching educational pre-recorded videos or through researching assignments. Class time helps the students to work through the educational material in groups, or individually, for learning actively. Time management is a very crucial and important activity for a student learns in groups or through the pre-recorded videos or podcasts. To manage your study time in sections you can try Time calculator that allows you to calculate time difference, hours between two times, time from dates and days.
QR codes (Quick Response) that allows the students to access the information or take lectures with-in no time by just scanning the codes with their mobile and digital devices. Quick Response codes are easy to create and have multiple scanning applications, such as:
•Voting in the duration of class discussions
•Supplementation of textbook information.
Without wasting of time, students can share useful information with each other by using QR codes.
Project-based learning (PBL):
Project based learning develops the deep learning ability that can help the students throughout their studies and careers. PBL helps to engage the students by using the real world problems, critical thinking, problem solving, and self management. Then students present their solution to the class and groups. Project based learning is an effective way of teaching to engage students, improve learning and make students aware with real issues.
There should be a balance for using the technology in the classroom, and teachers should use it brilliantly to engage the students. Student’s involvement and collaboration is linked up with some websites and apps, such as Google Docs, YouTube etc. Technology allows the teachers to interact with their students to remind them about upcoming assignments without wasting time, learning through online videos, and encourage the student’s collaboration. Teachers manage their time by using Time calculator that allows you to figure out time difference, hours between two times and dates.
Innovative teaching strategies are beneficial as compared to traditional teaching techniques. With the use of innovative teaching strategies students can actively participate in the classroom activities and are curious, interested, and passionate to learn.