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Science And Omniscience

The block universe theory is enforced by the theory of Special Relativity
The block universe

Omniscience means knowing all. The concept of an entity sentient or not sentient which has all knowledge possible, knowledge of past, present and future events has been a source of awe and much philosophical discussions since antiquity. The God of the Bible unlike many pagan gods is considered omniscient. The fact that the followers of the Bible God, and those who consider the Bible the source of absolute truth have dominated the civilized world since the first century till date means that the question of the attributes of the Bible God had as expected been a tireless matter on lips of philosophers, theologians and at times scientists. The rise of atheism in recent times have also spurred minds eager to dismiss the existence of a being that could posses all Omni attributes attributed to the God of the Bible.

In this article, we would consider one major omni attribute as stated above (omniscient), then we would rationalize on the possibility of omniscience and Freewill existing side by side without ambiguity. But first, let's see what modern science has to say about omniscience. 


Until the scientist Albert Einstein came up with the Theories of Relativity, most philosophical views favoured Presentism, a view that "the future and past don't exist and cannot exist side by side with the present".

But The Theories of Relativity would change our view about reality in a massive way that would tilt the scale towards the block Universe or block time theory which proposes that "the past, present and future all exist together at the same time".

The interpretation of the special theory of relativity is that all of time exists because there is no privileged present moment; all times are on a par ontologically. Hence, “now” is only a word expressing the speaker’s own temporal perspective. The idea of the present has no special status. This implies the “block theory” of time.

In simple terms, relatively implies that an event I consider happening in the present from my point of view may actually be considered an event that took place in the past in another persons point of view and it may even be considered an event that would happen in the future in a third persons point of view. But because distances on earth are nothing near a light year, we almost never notice the differences. The difference would be very clearly visible if distances between the reference frames are say hundreds of light years.

Special relativity eliminates the concept of absolute simultaneity and a universal present: according to the relativity of simultaneity, observers in different frames of reference can have different measurements of whether a given pair of events happened at the same time or at different times, with there being no physical basis for preferring one frame's judgments over another's. Thus there is no physical basis for a set of events that represents the present.


The consequence of the block time (space-time) is that everything you and I would do in the future already exists on the block (space-time). This implies that space-time is omniscient. The universe is all of space and time, hence space-time is the universe itself.

The theory of relativity widely accepted as true and practical in modern science, solving various ambiguities that existed in our understanding of magnetism and electromagnetism, relativity leaves many onlookers with greater mystery. The universe is labeled omniscient. More questions are born. Personally I ask "Does the universe have a mind where this data is stored?"
I know of pantheists, but I don't know of any pantheist who thinks the universe has a mind. If the universe doesn't have a mind, how come it holds all data that would ever befall existence and that has ever befallen existence? The universe thus should have a mind and Christians call this cosmic mind God.


Well, if the God of the Bible is the mind of the universe which is omniscient, then the question is "how can freewill exist if my future already exists as someone else's past?"
Honestly I find the idea that freewill contradicts omniscience funny because knowing something before hand doesn't mean causing it. That's false equivalence to think that knowing means causing. God simply knows how our freewill would tread but doesn't interfere with it.

If freewill doesn't exist, then we are all robots and creating robots just to love them is illogical for God because that would mean loving himself for the thoughts of the robot are his own thoughts and the robots are not independent in mind from God. The robots would be mere extension of God himself and would be thus God himself. Why would God need to do any creating just to love himself? Creation isn't necessary to satisfy a need to love self.

Hence God created beings independent and capable of freely making their own choices. Though all powerful (omnipotent), God is principled enough to respect the choices of men. But God allows causes and effects to happen to every choice they make, hence they are free to make choices but are bound to the consequences. Note that omniscience/omnipotence doesn't mean tyranny. These are different things. Freewill can exist side by side with omniscience and omnipotence but not side by side with tyranny. People often mistake omniscience for tyranny and that's often the trouble.

This post first appeared on Poets Are Prophets, please read the originial post: here

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Science And Omniscience


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